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The Medicine Mentors Podcast
17 minutes | 3 hours ago
Tips for Effective Mentoring with Dr. Matthew Fitz
Dr. Matthew Fitz is a Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics at Loyola University Medical Center, Stritch School of Medicine. Dr. Fitz completed his medical school from University of Kentucky College of Medicine and residency in Internal Medicine & Pediatrics from Loyola University Medical Center. He was a Chief Resident, then the Internal Medicine Clerkship and Subinternship Director before transitioning into becoming the lead advisor for students in the Clinical Years and the Vice Chair for Faculty Development and Mentorship in the department of medicine. His areas of clinical and research interest include advocacy, advising, NBME subject exam assessment, and underserved medicine. Finding an exceptional mentor is an integral part of any professional career, but it can be particularly invaluable for those in the early part of their careers in medicine. Today, Dr. Fitz speaks about starting and sustaining effective mentoring relationships, how the natural tension can actually work out in your favor, and what it really means to be a great follower & leader when it comes to receiving and accepting guidance. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Being a good leader means having a vision, communicating it effectively, working on and enabling a successful team, and surrounding yourself with people you can trust. 2. Natural tension is common in a mentor/mentee relationship. If it’s present, you shouldn't give up and walk away, especially since these relationships tend to be the most successful. 3. When working with a mentor, be respectful of their limited time. To show this, be readily available, specify the big picture, identify where you need help, and follow up afterwards.
22 minutes | 13 days ago
Becoming Champions with Dr. Moises Auron
Moises Auron MD is an Associate Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Medical Director of Blood Management for the Cleveland Clinic, and Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Officer for the Department of Hospital Medicine on the Main Campus. He is also a part of the core faculty of the internal medicine residency program and the pediatrics hospital medicine fellowship program. Dr. Auron completed his medical school in National Autonomous University of Mexico and residency in Internal Medicine at National Medical Science and Nutrition Institute Salvador Zubiran and residency in Internal Medicine-Pediatrics at MetroHealth Medical Center in Cleveland, Ohio. His main areas of expertise are quality and patient safety, blood management, and medical education. He has been awarded with numerous awards from the Cleveland Clinic’s Center for Executive Coaching and Mentorship including the 2020 Susan J. Rehm Inspiration Award and the 2019 Mentor of the Year Award. As medical students, we all do the normal: go on rounds, see patients, give presentations, and then go. Today, Dr. Moises Auron shares what champions do. They want to do the resident’s job. They’ll ask questions, provide input, and try to answer. While they may not always be right, their curiosity pushes them to go the extra mile. They’re the ones who will write up a clinical vignette and want to submit it. Dr. Auron explains that “students, residents that bring something to the table, share literature, make the whole team learn -- those are the champions.” Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Find the balance between pride and humility. Have the pride to make autonomous decisions about patient care, but also the humility to ask questions. No question is a silly question. 2. There is a fine line between imposter syndrome and growth mindset. How can you be confident and yet open to ask questions? Engage in regular self-reflection. Reflect on what you’ve achieved (confidence) and also look at your knowledge gaps (growth). 3. Be fearless in reaching out to mentors, Don’t be intimidated! In fact, reach out to those farthest away because they have the wealth of experience. 4. To make the good-to-great transition, go the extra mile. Take the initiative with excitement and enthusiasm. Go beyond with energy and motivation.
21 minutes | 22 days ago
Good Doctors, Good Leaders with Dr. Patricia Conolly
Patricia Conolly MD is the former Executive Vice President of Information Technology & Associate Executive Director on the National Kaiser Permanente Leadership Team. She is currently practicing as an internist and teaching at UCSF and Alameda Health Systems in Oakland California. Dr. Conolly completed her medical school from UCLA and residency from Kaiser Permanente Medical Center in Oakland. She previously served as Director of the Internal Medicine Residency Program & Chief of Medicine at Kaiser Oakland. Dr. Conolly is a fellow of the American College of Physicians and has served as chair on the board of directors of the American Board of Internal Medicine. Imagine working as an internist (or remember it) when the EMR was being rolled out at your hospital for the very first time. You see the potential to collect huge amounts of data through this technology, which would benefit patients, but you also recognize the myriad of challenges that it would bring. You voice your concerns and find yourself invited to help solve the problems as part of the leadership team. This was the situation Dr. Patricia Conolly found herself in. Years later as the Executive Vice President of Information Technology on the National Kaiser Permanente Leadership team, Dr. Conolly shares that “some of the same skills that help us be a good doctor are skills that help us be a good leader.” In fact, the key lies in listening, says Dr. Conolly. “As a leader, you often engage with people you disagree with. If you only try to convince them you’re right, you don’t hear what they’re right about.” Pearls of Wisdom: 1. There are enormous opportunities available in medicine. Find where you want to fit in, where your soul lies, and where you want to make an impact, and run after it. 2. Voicing areas for improvement isn’t enough. You have to get engaged in solving the problem. That’s where we start to make a difference. 3. A lot of the skills we need as a doctor are the same skills we need as a leader: listen to people who don’t agree with you. Then, focus on the shared end goal. 4. Great mentees are intellectually curious, persistent, and creative. This is what mentors are looking for in the people they take time to invest in.
18 minutes | a month ago
When Passion Fuels Curiosity with Dr. Marijane Hynes
Marijane Hynes, MD, is a Clinical Professor of Medicine at George Washington University. After completing her medical school and residency at Georgetown University, Dr. Hynes became interested in trying to help her patients lose weight as a treatment for many of their medical problems. In 2009, Dr. Hynes started The Weight Loss Clinic, which focuses on behavior changes in diabetes prevention and is partnered with many groups, such as Whole Foods to promote healthy eating. Dr. Hynes' goal is to develop a center focused on obesity prevention and treatment for which she has advocated at conferences around the country. Here’s a secret we’re going to let you in on: It’s okay to not know exactly where you’re going. Because the truth is: You never know what opportunities are around the corner. According to Dr. Marijane Hynes, the key is finding a passion within medicine to fuel your curiosity and engagement—and seeing where it takes you. The fact that Dr. Hynes found her way into specializing in obesity was all by chance. But she attests this happy accident to an openness and enthusiasm for learning. Today, we’ll also learn about how medicine is always a team sport. That everyone is an equal part of the team. And that empathy is a powerful tool for connection and positive change. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Medicine is a team sport. Our support staff is not inferior to us. They have skills that we simply don't possess and they can add to the experience in ways that we can't. 2. Writing out goals is important. Even if these goals are 5-10 years down the road. 3. One of the most important things we can do in our encounters is to tell our patients “I can help you.”
22 minutes | a month ago
Different Paths to a Successful Career with Dr. Yul Ejnes
Yul Ejnes MD is the Chair-elect of the Board of Directors of the American Board of Internal Medicine, Chair Emeritus of the ACP Board of Regents and a Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine at Brown Medical School, his alma mater where he completed his medical school and residency training. Dr. Ejnes is also the founding partner of Coastal Medical, the largest physician owned and governed primary care practice in the state of Rhode Island. Dr. Ejnes has been awarded Mastership by the American College of Physicians and the Dean’s Excellence in Teaching Award from Brown Medical School and is a frequently invited guest lecturer and contributor to KevinMD.com. Although the path through medical school is fairly regimented, the paths open up after residency. Private practice is one possible choice. Today, Dr. Yul Ejnes shares a unique career path, from private practice to Brown Medical School; leadership in a primary care physician group to professional societies. When Dr. Ejnes advocates for having variety in your career, he doesn’t just talk the talk. A primary care physician through it all, Dr. Ejnes measures his success as “ going to bed even on a day that ended much later than you expected, having a smile on your face, saying ‘we did a lot of good stuff today'.” Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Don’t say yes to everything, but when you say yes, give it your 110%. That’s what catches people’s attention and creates a chain of sponsors that can lead to more opportunities. 2. When you need more confidence to see yourself doing amazing things, mentors can give you the encouragement you need to take risks and go beyond what you thought was possible. 3. To move from a good internist to a great internist, work on making your patient relationships non-adversarial. Your goal is not to lower someone’s blood pressure, it’s to keep the patient engaged which leads to better long-term effects. 4. Introduce variety in your career. Find other interests outside of patient care and protect time for yourself to have a degree of control over your schedule.
13 minutes | 2 months ago
The Pies That Define our Life with Dr. Stefanie R. Brown
Stefanie R. Brown, MD is the Internal Medicine Residency Program Director at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and Section Chief for the Med-Peds and Pediatric Hospital Medicine. Dr. Brown completed her medical school from the University of Cincinnati, pursued a residency in Med-Peds from Rutgers New Jersey followed by a chief resident year. Prior to this role, Dr. Brown has been the program director of the Med-Peds Residency at the University of Miami as well as the Assistant Dean for Diversity and Multicultural Affairs. She is the recipient of a number of awards including the Women in Academic Medicine Excellence in Mentorship Award. Today, Dr. Stefanie Brown shares an analogy that a past mentor taught her about achieving excellence: In medicine, there are two pies that define your life. The first contains the things you are responsible for. The slices are made up of your job and your responsibilities, whether it be clinical, administrative, research, or teaching. But the second pie is full of the things you really like to do: The slices in this pie contain all the things you are passionate about. The key to success—and excellence—is getting these two pies to intersect as much as possible. The more these pies overlap, the more we will accomplish with less stress and effort. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Moving from good to great is about knowing where your strengths are, and knowing what you need to improve on. From good to great, comes greatness to excellence, then excellence to amazing. And when you are able to pay it forward to others…that is when you move from amazing to inspiring. 2. If you’re not at the table, you’re on the menu. As residents, we have the opportunity to be in the environments where decisions are made, we can sit in on committees, and learn from the best so that we will be more prepared in the future to hold our own seats at the table. 3. In medicine, there are two pies. The first one contains your job responsibilities. And the second one is about what you are passionate about. The goal is to get these two pies to intersect: The better it will be for us, and the less effort it takes to achieve excellence.
13 minutes | 2 months ago
Taking an Alternate Path with Dr. Peter Alperin
Peter Alperin, MD is a practicing internist at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and leads the growth of the HIPAA compliant physician messaging services at Doximity as the Vice President of Product. He has been the Founding Chair and a Member of Medical Advisory Board at Doximity, Inc. since 2011. He was previously the Vice President of Medicine and Products at Archimedes, a Kaiser Permanente backed start-up where he led the product team on projects includes ARCHeS, a technology platform for clinical trial outcome prediction. Throughout his medical career, he has served as director of medical informatics at Brown & Toland Medical Group and was an early employee at ePocrates where he designed a formulary tool still used by over 100,000 physicians. He completed his medical school from UT Southwestern and residency in internal medicine from UCSF. Taking an alternate path in the medical field can be daunting, prompting fears of failure. Dr. Peter Alperin discusses how he overcame that fear and navigated a successful career in healthcare technology. He identifies some of the skills doctors tend to have--and some they don’t--that lead to success in other fields. He shares the importance of building “muscles” that will lead to success, such as taking risks, talking to people, working on a team of equals, being humble, and better appreciating the time spent with a patient. Finally, he underscores the need to seek mentors who can help you pinpoint and acquire the skills you need to achieve your goals. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Physicians acquire certain skills in their training that transfer well into alternate fields like business or technology. Learning to be comfortable with risk and learning to elicit information from patients can serve you not only in medicine, but anything you do. 2. As a physician outside the field of clinical medicine, you have to be able to identify what you don’t know. You have to learn to work on a team of equals and to be humble when exposed to ideas from those outside the world of medicine. 3. Embrace mini-mentorship experiences. You’ll find that most people are very generous with their time if you approach them to ask about what they do and how you can get there.
21 minutes | 2 months ago
Building a Development Team with Dr. Kathleen Finn
Kathleen Finn, MD, is an Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and the Senior Associate Program Director for resident and faculty development at Massachusetts General Hospital. Dr. Finn completed her undergraduate degree from the University of Pennsylvania and studied at the University of Oxford as a Thouron Scholar where she obtained a Master of Philosophy in Social Anthropology. She attended Harvard Medical School and did her residency training at Brigham and Women's Hospital. Her clinical and research interests include medical education, inpatient transitions of care, quality improvement, resident supervision, and inpatient alcohol withdrawal. Along with her role in the residency program, she also educates at the faculty level as co-director of the frontline case conference series for the division of general medicine and is co-founder of the Boston Society of Hospital Medicine chapter. She's the recipient of major teaching awards and was named one of the top 10 hospitalists by the American College of Physicians in 2014, and won the 2020 Excellence in Teaching award from the Society of Hospital Medicine. Mentorship puts the “ment” in “development". And today, Dr. Kathleen Finn advises us why—and how—we should grow our own development team as we journey through our career. She offers a new perspective on the importance of building a team of mentors. A development team is made up of mentors of all types: A coach who can help you think about your strengths and will guide you in personal growth. An advocate or sponsor who will go to bat for you when it comes to seeking out and grabbing new opportunities that come your way. And lastly, she recommends getting a therapist to help you process your emotions. Being a physician is an emotional job, Dr. Finn reminds us, and the more we can understand our own emotions, and the emotions of our patients, the healthier we will be. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Move out of the finite mindset. Focus on developing self-compassion, self-regard, and kindness early on. 2. Don’t delay decision-making: Make decisions in the now, and don’t worry so much about the three-year or five-year plan. And remember that nothing is permanent. 3. When it comes to mentorship, build a development team: Teams of mentors for different needs, advocates, and even therapists. Aside from that, ask others what your strengths are, and start every day with that positive mindset. 4. The transition from a good internist and a great internist is when you understand how to put the patient's agenda first and let them be the driver—no negotiations.
20 minutes | 2 months ago
Dreaming Big with Dr. Gifty Kwakye
Gifty Kwakye, MD is a Clinical Assistant Professor for Surgery in the division of colorectal surgery at University of Michigan. Dr Kwakye completed her medical school from Yale University and holds a Masters in Public Health from Johns Hopkins. She completed her general surgery residency at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School and colorectal surgery fellowship at the University of Minnesota. Dr Kwakye joined the faculty at the University of Michigan in 2018. As a resident she received multiple awards including the Robert T. Osteen and the Partners Health System Medical Education awards for excellence in teaching. Her passion for global health was also recognized with a Global Health Scholarship award from Johns Hopkins during her public health training. Sometimes it seems like our dreams are too big for us. But it is these dreams that propel us forward. Dr. Gifty Kwakye shares how dreaming big guided her from a village in Ghana to a medical school at Yale University. Today, a surgeon at the University of Michigan, Dr. Kwakye emphasizes the role of mentors as "cheerleaders", the importance of believing in yourself, and connecting to our "why" as the keys to unlocking success. She leaves us with a message of dreaming big and being surprised at how many times those dreams actually come true! Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Stay connected to your why and put it on the wall. Use it as a tool to pick you up when the going gets tough. 2. Mentors are attracted to mentees who know their why, what drives them, and are able to communicate it such that the mentor can really pick up that passion because it's that passion that connects the mentor and the mentee. 3. Medicine is not a sprint; it’s a marathon. It’s not how quickly we can finish. It’s whether we finish at the top of our game.
21 minutes | 2 months ago
Putting Together a Board of Advisors with Dr. Irene Estores
Irene Estores MD is an Associate Professor of the department of medicine and department of orthopedics at UF College of Medicine. She is also the Director of the integrative medicine program at University of Florida (UF Health). Dr. Estores completed her medical school at University of the Philippines and her residency in physical medicine & rehabilitation from Sinai Hospital - Johns Hopkins Hospital inter-institutional program. She then completed her integrative medicine fellowship at the University of Arizona Center for integrative medicine. To expand her skills as a physician leader, she also completed an integrative healthcare leadership program at Duke University with its Center for Integrative Medicine and Fuqua School of Business. When Dr. Irene Estores was going through the Duke Integrative Healthcare Leadership Program, one of her assignments was to put together her personal board of advisors. Dr. Estores’ sister, who has a leadership position, but isn’t in the medical field, gave her criteria to help her choose her mentors: "You need someone who can hold your hand, be a shoulder to cry on, but can also kick your butt." Mentorship doesn’t have to come from one person. You need to find people who will not only hear you and support you, but also help you figure out how to get unstuck. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Mentoring relationships can be with anyone who shares your values and passions. Your mentors don’t have to be in your institution or even in your profession! 2. Residents: identify what makes you feel alive and lifts your spirit. That will help you stay grounded, which will help you when speaking to patients. 3. Take inspiration from role models who have walked your bath before you. 4. Mentors help you identify your blind sports. It’s helpful to have a board of advisors to help you become a better version of yourself.
19 minutes | 2 months ago
Three Steps to a Career Path with Dr. Andrew Tisser
Andrew Tisser DO is a board-certified emergency physician and a physician career strategist. He is the Medical Director of Rochester Regional Health Urgent Care-Batavia and also works at the United Memorial Medical Center. Dr. Tisser earned his osteopathic medicine degree from the New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine. He then completed a residency in Emergency Medicine from Upstate Medical University. Dr. Tisser hosts his own podcast show called Talk2MeDoc - which focuses on issues relating to the early career physician. While medical training is a very linear path, building a medical career can be more challenging. How can residents find their right career path? Today, Dr. Andrew Tisser shares his three-step process. First, figure out who you are and what your values are. Think back to who you were before medical school. The things you liked don’t go away when you bury them in medical training. Next, figure out what you’d like to be doing for eight to 12 hours a day. Sometimes it’s easier to start with what you don’t like doing. Then, third is the strategy: career experiments, talk to people in the industry, see what’s out there, what is possible, and work towards those goals. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Learning which path to choose is a three-step process: First, who are you as a person (before medical school)? Second, what do you love doing? Third, strategize and plan a path based on who you are and what you love. 2. Talk to people like a person. Acknowledge people, say hello, sit with patients, make an effort to learn people’s names. 3. Great mentors don’t sugarcoat things. They help you see what you can’t and help you figure out solutions. Find someone you trust enough to be vulnerable with. 4. At any point in your career, you have options. It’s never too late to go after what you love doing.
17 minutes | 2 months ago
Passion Follows Opportunity with Dr. Eduard Vasilevskis
Eduard Vasilevskis MD is the Chief of Hospital Medicine and an Associate Professor of Medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Dr. Vasilevskis completed his medical school at Oregon Health Sciences University followed by a residency and chief residency at the University of California San Francisco. He then completed a health services research fellowship at the Institute for Health Policy Studies UCSF. Dr. Vasilevskis has been interested in examining delirium as a measure of ICU and hospital quality. Dr. Vasilevskis has been interested in examining delirium as a measure of ICU and hospital quality and has developed a unique prediction model, the acute brain dysfunction prediction model, that predicts delirium for each day in the ICU. His most recent research focuses on polypharmacy and reducing medications in older patients. He's also the clerkship director for the internal medicine program for the Medical School at Vanderbilt. “Follow your passion” is great advice for those who know what their passion is. You follow your passion and create your own opportunities. But what if you don’t know what sets your soul on fire? Today, Dr. Eduard Vasilevskis shares his belief that “passion follows opportunity, not the other way around.” It’s more common that an opportunity presents itself. Take advantage of it and then ask yourself, “Is a passion developing? Do I love what I’m doing?” If your answer is yes, you start a positive feedback loop: passion grows, you create more opportunities. If the answer is no, Dr. Vasilevskis says, just look for another opportunity! Pearls of Wisdom: 1. It’s not about when you make a decision, but that you make a decision. If an opportunity arises, and it aligns with your passion, forget the time clock and take the opportunity. 2. The second sentence of the history is about the patient’s usual state of health: who are they before and apart from this illness? It’s a way to develop a relationship with the patient and to have it in writing. 3. Passion follows opportunity. You may not know what you love to do. Take an opportunity and reflect on it. Here is where mentors can help: they might be able to see in you what you can’t see in yourself. 4. Be humbly confident. We need to commit and let our mentors know what we’re thinking, while at the same time staying humble and open to learning.
19 minutes | 3 months ago
Offering Kindness with Dr. Bethany Pellegrino
Bethany Pellegrino, MD, FACP, FASN, is an Associate Professor of Medicine and the Chief of the Section of Nephrology at West Virginia University. Dr. Pellegrino completed her medical school, residency in internal medicine, as well as her fellowship in nephrology from West Virginia University. She is currently Medical Director of the Renal Center of Keyser (WV) and the Renal Center of Moorefield (WV). She has served as the Nephrology Program Director in the past. Dr. Pellegrino's interests include home dialysis therapies and improving access for patients with kidney disease throughout West Virginia. She has received many awards including the Cornerstone of Recovery Award and the Press Ganey Top Provider Award: Patient Satisfaction for multiple years. Dr. Bethany Pellegrino’s mentor told her the most profound thing about medicine: “Sometimes all we have to offer our patients is kindness.” This helped shape the kind of physician that Dr. Pellegrino became. She realizes that sometimes she can’t make the patients better. But she can offer them kindness every day. And what does that kindness look like? “Sometimes the most important thing you’re going to do for a patient that day is sit in their room and listen to them.” Dr. Pellegrino has extended that kindness by listening to her mentees as well. She’s drawn to trainees that have doubt, who worry that they’re not doing the right thing. She offers help by listening, and kindness by telling them she’s been there, and they’ll make it through. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. As a mentee, identify your problem areas and approach people who can help you in those areas, especially during transition, such as medical school to residency, or residency to fellowship. 2. Success comprises lots of small successes. Catalog your small successes! When you’re feeling overwhelmed, look at your catalog for inspiration and motivation. 3. Even as a busy resident, take time to show kindness to patients. That can go a long way. 4. Knowing what you want and customizing your training to align with those goals might require you to say “no” to some opportunities presented by your mentors. Yes, it’s difficult, but you’d be surprised how understanding they can be.
23 minutes | 3 months ago
Keeping Your Antenna Up with Dr. Santhanam Lakshminarayanan
Santhanam Lakshminarayanan MD is an Associate Professor of Medicine and the Chief of the Division of Rheumatology at the University of Connecticut. He is also the program director for the rheumatology fellowship program and the director of the Rheumatology Fellow Journal Club at UConn health. Dr. Lakshminarayanan earned his medical degree from The Armed Forces Medical College in India. He then pursued a residency in Internal Medicine and rheumatology fellowship training at the UConn School of Medicine. His research interests include scleroderma, SLE, and the use of P32 radioactive synovectomy in refractory inflammatory monoarthritis. Dr. Lakshminarayanan serves on the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) subcommittee for medical student and resident education, and ACR New England OSCE program development for rheumatology fellows. Wellness shouldn’t be an online course you take or a box you tick off. Wellness is something that needs to be pursued personally. Residents have so much work to do and overwhelm is a constant threat. Today, Dr. Santhanam Lakshminarayanan tells us that one way to promote wellness is to de-stress trainee’s clinical environments. Overwhelming trainees takes away their joy of medicine and when that goes, stress goes up and wellness becomes a real issue. Dr. Lakshminarayanan reminds us to keep our antenna up for our colleagues and ask them how they’re doing. While you don’t want to invade anyone’s privacy, you also don’t want to build walls so your colleagues can’t communicate with you. Be open and let them know you’re available. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. When you choose a mentor, choose someone who is invested in you and wants to see you succeed. 2. When a patient walks in for a follow-up, you shouldn’t have to check the charts to find out how they are. Be observant during their first visit to help you remember the patient. 3. Patient advocacy is fundamental to being a physician. As a resident, if you notice the attending not addressing a symptom the patient told you about, speak up. Don’t be intimidated by the attending’s time constraints. 4. Wellness needs to be pursued more personally and be put in the perspective of the person and their environment. Also, when you’re working as a team, “keep your antenna up” for your colleagues’ wellness.
18 minutes | 3 months ago
Stick With It with Dr. Susan Quaggin
Susan Quaggin MD is the Charles Horace Mayo Professor of Medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, the Director of the Feinberg Cardiovascular Research Institute and the Chief of the Division of Nephrology in the Department of Medicine. Dr. Quaggin completed her Medical school, residency in internal medicine, and fellowship in nephrology from the University of Toronto and then pursued a postdoctoral fellowship at Yale University. Over her career, she has contributed to over 150 publications in nephrology and vascular biology, and her research lab has helped enhance the understanding of common glomerular diseases and inspire the development of promising therapeutics. She is an elected member of the Association of American Physicians and the National Academy of Medicine and is currently serving as the President of the American Society of Nephrology. After Dr. Susan Quaggin completed her nephrology fellowship, she picked up a pipette for the very first time upon entering a basic science lab. Her mentor, Dr. Mitchell Halperin told her, “You’re leaving at the top of your clinical game. In the research lab, you’re gonna be at the very bottom and you’re going to have to walk up that hill again.” Those first two years, nothing seemed to work for Dr. Quaggin. There were times she just wanted to go back and practice medicine. But she stuck with it. Why? “There were all these questions I’d seen as a resident and fellow that we did not have treatments for. The patients would be asking about their diseases and what’s on the horizon. That drove me to stick with it.” The strength of her vision allowed her to persevere into becoming a nationally recognized physician scientist today. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Mentors can have a tremendous impact when making important life decisions. 2. Take a step and reach out to mentors. You’re not bothering senior faculty when you reach out. On the contrary! They get really excited! It’s a win-win for everybody! 3. The power of your vision can help you persevere past challenges, despite failure. 4. Identify the value that every team member brings. Remember that medicine is a team sport, not an individual superstar game anymore.
19 minutes | 3 months ago
Be a 'Persister' with Dr. Elie Berbari
Elie Berbari, MD is a Professor of Medicine and Chair of the Division of Infectious Diseases at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN. Dr. Berbari graduated from St. Joseph Medical School and completed his residency in Internal medicine from the State University of New York Health Science Center before joining Mayo for a Fellowship in Infectious Diseases. His primary area of research interest is osteoarticular infections specifically prosthetic joint infections. A passionate clinician educator, Dr. Berbari has consistently been awarded by the Department of Medicine at Mayo Clinic for Excellence in Clinical Teaching and was named Top Educator by the Internal Medicine Residency Program at the Mayo Clinic in 2014. The values that our parents embody and pass on to us when we’re growing up have the ability to shape our lives. Lucky for Dr. Elie Berbari, his parents instilled in him the values of education, hard work, and persistence. Today, Dr. Berbari shares stories from his life: growing up during the civil war in Lebanon, getting shot when he was 12, losing both his parents in med school, moving to the United States to complete his residency -- all formidable challenges. It would have been easy for Dr. Berbari to give up at any of those points, but he persisted. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Success comes from hard work plus persistence. Being a persister is key: don’t stop in the face of challenges or failure. 2. A majority of residents around the country feel burned out. An antidote to burnout is to practice gratitude -- be grateful for what you have and express it -- and forgiveness -- don’t hold a grudge against inequities. 3. Finding the right mentor is key to an effective mentoring relationship. Try finding someone who’s different than you, and make sure it’s someone you’re comfortable speaking your mind with.
14 minutes | 3 months ago
The Power of Authenticity with Dr. Lisa Skinner
Dr Lisa Skinner is an Associate Professor of Medicine and the Internal Medicine Residency Program Director at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles. She completed her Medical school from Yale University School of Medicine and Residency in Internal Medicine from UCLA School of Medicine where she stayed on as a Chief Resident. She maintains an active clinical practice focusing on women’s health at the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center and Resnick Neuropsychiatric Hospital. A graduate of the Stanford Faculty Development Center, Dr. Skinner is passionate about faculty development around medical teaching, especially focused on the topics of coaching, learning climate and feedback. She is an instructor for the medical education fellowship at UCLA and a regional hub leader for the ACGME initiative: Developing Faculty Competencies in Assessment. She has received numerous awards including the housestaff teaching award at UCLA. What does it mean to be authentic? Today, Dr. Lisa Skinner explains that the best mentees are those who own their story—and share it. She shares that when she meets medical students, the number one thing she looks for is a ‘real’ person. Someone who isn't just trying to say what they think others want to hear. Rather, those who recognize—and own—their own unique superpowers. Dr. Skinner reflects that although we all have different backgrounds, different biographies, and different stories; when we share them with each other, we find that we are more alike than we initially thought. So, she encourages us to be authentic, especially when we communicate with our mentors. It's often our unique stories, our vulnerabilities, our hopes and dreams that motivate them. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Have a moral compass. Look for examples in the people in your life that inspire you. Their values and inspiration will guide you. 2. Mentors are looking for a relationship with us, too. And the one thing that will strengthen that relationship is learning to be authentic with ourselves and our story. 3. Recognize and own our unique superpowers, and share those with our mentors. Our stories are powerful and will help us connect to our mentors.
19 minutes | 3 months ago
The Key is in the Details with Dr. Thomas Russo
Thomas Russo MD is the Professor and Chief of Infectious Diseases at Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. Dr. Russo completed his Medical school at McGill University and Residency in Internal Medicine from Harvard-New England Deaconess Hospital. He then pursued a Fellowship in Infectious Disease from Tufts-New England Medical Center. He has an active, nationally funded translational research program and research focuses on Gram-negative bacilli (GNB). Dr. Russo has been the recipient of many awards and honors including the Veterans Administration Biomedical Laboratory R&D Senior Clinical Scientist Award. Modern medicine is complex. We have tons of data available on our patients now. Residents spend so much of their time in just gathering the data and dealing with logistics that the time to pay attention to details becomes a rare commodity. Today, Dr. Thomas Russo explains how the details can make the difference: Observing the patients from the moment they walk in, asking the patients about their kids, pets, travel, and occupation. Gathering all those details in the chart, thinking about the patient and then letting the differential diagnosis go through your head. All of those can be the difference between a correct diagnosis and a misdiagnosis. Pay attention to the details. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Spend more time asking the ‘why’ questions and think about the patient rather than just focus on gathering data. The key to that is in the details – the little things we should not ignore. 2. To maximize our potential, we should see as many patients as we can. Maximize our exposure to clinical experience, and from that, build our knowledge database. Ask for help when you need it and keep working hard. 3. Don’t forget the importance of history and examination. Even with more technology and investigative options, those can be put to better use if we practice rigorous history and examination.
22 minutes | 3 months ago
The Path for Long Term Success with Dr. Richard Bucala
Richard Bucala, MD is the Waldemar Von Zedtwitz Professor of Medicine, Professor of Pathology, Epidemiology & Public Health, and Chief of Rheumatology, Allergy & Immunology at Yale School of Medicine. Dr. Bucala completed his Medical school at Weill Cornell and Residency at Brigham & Women's Hospital. He pursued a Fellowship in Rheumatology from the Hospital for Special Surgery. He studies the mechanisms by which protective immune responses lead to immunopathology and his lab is leading multidisciplinary efforts to develop immunotherapies. Dr. Bucala also is credited with the discovery of the fibrocyte, which is being targeted therapeutically in different fibrosing disorders. He is a co-founder of Cytokine Networks and of MIFCOR, a biotechnology startup. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Arthritis & Rheumatology and has served on numerous advisory boards for the NIH, the pharmaceutical industry, academia, and private foundations. The buzzword usually is ‘goals’: We are often asked - what are your goals? Often told to dream big and make lofty goals. Not much is said about the path we should follow to achieve our goals. Today, Dr. Richard Bucala reflects on his journey and shares how the path is more valuable than the end point. Medicine is a long educational path, but if pursued with honesty, integrity and diligence, forms us into the person we aspire to become. Focusing on these virtues while traversing this path helps us develop our professional character and ultimately determines our professional success in the long term. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. The path is more valuable than the goal. The way we achieve our goals – with honesty, integrity, ad character – is more important for the long-term, than short-term successes. 2. Honesty is knowing one’s limitations; : realizing that no one person has all the answers, gives us the humility to be a great team player. But even more important than honesty is courage. Without courage, we cannot be honest. 3. Embrace the complexity and multidimensionality of medicine. It’s what makes medicine so gratifying.
10 minutes | 3 months ago
Embracing a Collaborative Mindset with Dr. Adam Atoot
Adam Atoot, MD is currently the director for the transitional year resident training program at Hackensack Meridian Health Palisades Medical Center. Dr. Atoot earned his medical degree from the American University of Antigua and completed his residency in internal medicine from Staten Island University Hospital at Northwell Health. As one of the youngest program directors in the country, he takes pride in mentoring residents and medical students. His focus area in clinical medicine is in providing preventive care to his patients. As the director for residents’ training, Dr. Adam Atoot interacts with medical students and residents regularly. He believes that these interactions should be collaborative: yes, he teaches his students, but he recognizes that students can also teach him, or each other. By encouraging his students to read daily and asking about what they read, he demonstrates that they can also share knowledge. It’s not just about one person having all the answers. Introducing new ideas leads to questioning what happens in the clinic: searching for the rationale or looking for ways to improve medicine as it is today. Today, Dr. Atoot shares his vision of a collaborative learning environment. Pearls of Wisdom: 1. Students and residents should strive for a collaborative mindset, be humble, and realize that we know that we don’t know. 2. Question what you do in clinical practice and understand the rationale behind what you’re doing. This questioning can lead to innovation and improvement. 3. The best mentor/mentee relationships are between people who have intellectual compatibility: that are interested in the same thing and are on the same path.
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