57 minutes | Nov 24th 2020

#4: Sensory vs. Behavior - Do you see what I see? Early learning

ABAs and OTs look at early learning from two very different lenses. Mandy and Aditi define terms according to their sciences and give their insights on the case of Stella, a premature baby.They take a closer look at the sensory and behavioral aspects of early motor development and the roles of classical and operant conditioning. Mandy and Aditi also explore tactile defensiveness, habituation, and desensitization which are all used to accelerate early learning and therapeutic outcomes.HIGHLIGHTS01:27 Shoutout to Dr. Kimberly Berens08:38 Debunking myths: ABA's only deal with ASD clients11:45 Two perspectives: What does early learning look like?19:35 Reflexes: Learning through respondent and operant conditioning27:55 Sensory processes in preemies38:25 Case study: Interventions with Stella the premature babyGLOSSARYPrimitive reflexes - Unlearned behaviors that are automatic responses that are essential for survivalReflexes - Purpose of the reflex is to provide a baby with an internal alarm system to protect from danger Little Albert Experiment - A study that looked at fears or phobias in conditioning in infancy (Pavlovian conditioning) Tactile defensiveness - A pattern of observable behavioral and emotional responses which can be aversive and negative and out of proportion to certain types of tactile stimuli that most people would not find painful.RESOURCESJoin our The ABA and OT Podcast Facebook Group to get access to the following resources:Facebook group link: https://www.facebook.com/groups/397478901376425EXTERNAL RESOURCES"Blind Spots: Why Students Fail and the Science That Can Save Them" Book by Dr. Kimberly Berens - https://www.amazon.com/Blind-Spots-Students-Fail-Science-ebook/dp/B08HNJYW3TQUOTES15:54 "Behavior analysts believe that things unfold by exposure to the environment and by consequences delivered to those behaviors."16:21 "For OTs, the developmental milestones serve as a general guideline or roadmap, if you will. They aren't necessarily a benchmark because we know that every child has their own timeline and trajectory."30:40 "Learned behavior occurs through experiential learning while unlearned is more of a combination of biology and sensory experiences that occurs very early on."35:47 "We know that there is a  biological basis for sensory processing differences which can lead to poor processing of sensory information and, in turn, results in atypical perceptions of pain and discomfort."49:04 "I think we can empower parents if we make it very specific what we're asking them to do and teach them to take data to see if what we're prescribing is working or making it worse."
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