5 minutes | Jun 18, 2020
Water Damage Equipment And Methods Used To Dry A Water Damaged Basement
Hi this is Allen Lewis, referral painting restoration and we've derived at a home and as you can see this is not the normal condition of your basement carpet is wet overnight and we had a large storm. There's some pump cannot keep up with water and as a result, the basement has flooded water so I just wanted to show you real briefly the different kinds of stuff that referral. it takes to restore this basement so the first most important step is finding what's left and finding all perimeters. So, as you can see here we have a case with several different types of meters that work differently. For different types of materials, we have a moisture probe that we can use to go into the carpet pad because sometimes the padding is wet below, where the carpets so this way, you can see how far that's wet. We have meters that you can drive into a material such as a solid wood floor. To see the moisture content of the wood, inside we have a meter that measures the temperature and humidity and grains of the air. We have a non-destructive meter that we can place on the wall and as you go down it alerts you to when there is an excessive amount of moisture by sending a signal through these paths. We also have a thermal-imaging camera that senses temperature where it's wet it's evaporating and it's cooler these senses and gives you a visual of that temperature difference. So these are the tools that we use to see what's wet if it's drying. When it's dry we will know for sure the next important stuff is going to be moving furniture so, that we don't leave fresh dirt stain. You can see we have sliders here. So we can safely move your furniture to an area that is unaffected. The next step will be extraction depending on the severity and we may use a floor tool to extract standing water but if there is a tad below the carpet, your path is still less. So I have another video, you can look at after this exclaims up warned us this is our rated extractor that we will ride on its and will extract by compressing the carpet pad to squeeze out. As much the flooded water as possible because it's hundreds of times faster to extract water than to try to evaporate it so that hasn't been the most. One of the most important steps in this process is there are many different ways to drive depending upon the condition of the carpet. The type of the pad and how wet it's been and how long it's been wet. There are different ways you can go about restoring a home and there's no one right way. Occasionally the carpet mat will be taken out and replaced yet you have your current structure and surfaces to dry and that is the most crucial part that's repeatable on. These types of outsides of external walls, they're not going to push around very nicely, so that's our main focus. Thus here, I arranged up a pair of different ways of which we may push, and if a person or an individual can see this can be a low brain refrigerant the admit. Far more powerful than just what you are going to buy in Lowe's or Home Depot, these are usually made particularly regarding this sort of work to put out extremely dry air. Thus one example is usually sometimes organic beef dry out the air, this is an electric heater that then will immediately it to exactly what is left, so the step to drying is usually hot dry airflow for the water clearwater off typically the leading and dissects of which. Service Restoration - Atlanta645 Northside Dr. NW Atlanta, GA 30318(470) 579-5444https://servicerestorationatlanta.com/
7 minutes | Jun 15, 2020
Flood Recovery: Cleaning Tips and Ways
When we think about cleaning our homes after a floodwater event, we want to make sure that we muck it out completely and we clean it. We disinfect it and we dry it as completely as we possibly can. When we think of mucking our home out, we want to make sure that we use the proper equipment and tools we want to use. Rubber gloves protect our hands and our forearms. We want to use a respirator that Ron Clark mentioned and we want to make sure that we remove as much of the foreign material that was leftover from the flood. As we possibly can clean all the mud, all the dirty water. When we think of cleaning our home, we want to use some type of detergent to clean our homes and when we think of disinfecting our homes, we want to use some type of a biocide bleach works well and is readily available and relatively inexpensive and the solution needs to be 2 tablespoons of bleach to a gallon of water. When we think of drying our homes out, we want to make sure that we dry everything out completely walls and floorboard things like that. When we first get back into our homes, one of the things we think about is restoring our keepsakes and finding out what kind of condition they're in and one of those things potentially photographs. We want to evaluate the condition of our photographs and to see if they're beyond proof repair. We want to remove the photos that can be repaired from plastic or paper enclosures or frames and then we want to carefully rinse the photo under cool running water, shake off excess water damage, and then they either hang them up with clips so they can dry or place them on absorbent paper toweling so that they can dry possibly there. We don't want photos to touch each other because they will stick to each other. As they dry, if you have several photos that you can't get to immediately you can keep them in a bucket of clear water and if it's going to take you longer than 48 hours and to get to the to get the photos cleaned. You can store them in the freezer and we do suggest that you store them between either freezer paper or wax paper. If your book is only damp or partially wet then you will want to fan out the book with the covers at a 90-degree angle and let them air-dry. If you do have a book that is completely saturated with floodwaters, then you will want to lie the book down flat, on a flat surface and you will want to use absorbent materials in between the pages to absorb the moisture. You don't want to put too many pieces of paper towel in between the pages and you may end up stretching your spine of the book. If you cannot get to your books, get them salvaged and cleaned up within 48 hours. You need to wrap your books in freezer paper and then put them spine down into a sturdy container line them up in that container and then you can put them in the freezer until you have time to properly clean them. When it comes to your furniture, you need to determine what you can salvage and what you can overstuffed furniture potentially is probably going to have to be done away with because if it's had very much water on it or if it's been completely submerged. It's going to potentially have mold that will grow inside it and if so it needs to be disposed of solid wood furniture. On the other hand, it could potentially just be washed off and potentially reglued particleboard furniture. On the other hand, if it's absorbed very much water will not return to the visit to its original condition and so it may need to be disposed of when it comes to cleaning solid wood furniture. You mean to take it outside and potentially hose off the wood and the debris and things from the furniture. Dry it off completely, wipe it down and remove all the mud and dirt and particles and things like that. From it, if the joints are loose they need to be reglued, and then to dry the furniture out it needs to be in a shady well-ventilated moisture-controlled environment at all possible because furniture dried in the Sun and potentially will warp when carpeting has been flooded by floodwaters. It's best to have a professional clean, the carpeting but if that is not possible. There are some steps you can take first. You would want to pull all the carpeting up and remove the carpeting from the home and drape it outdoors, then you will want to take a hose and spray off all the mud in the muck for soiled portions of the carpet. You won't want to take a low sudsing carpet cleaner and scrub it in with a broom. To discourage mold and mildew growth, you will need to use two tablespoons of bleach, one gallon of water, and rinse the backing of the carpet. Carpet padding should all be removed from the home and discarded for wallboard that has been in floodwaters. You will need to replace the wallboard, especially if the floodwaters reached above four feet. On the wall, then you will definitely need to replace all of your wallboards but if the floodwaters only reach up to three feet or below you can replace the lower up to four feet of the wallboard and then take a four by eight sheet of wallboard. Apply it to the wall sideways and if you have a portion of drywall, that is molded growth from floodwaters you will need to handle this piece carefully. When you remove it from your home, you will need to wear a mask and have your gloves on. You will need to use plastic to wrap that portion of drywall in and tape it. You will not spread the mold spores throughout the home. As you're removing there are small areas of your home that are contaminated by mold and we want to make sure we seal those off from the rest of the home. We want to use plastic and we want to tape it to the door frames so that we can contain that mold, in the end. The allergens in the dust, in that area we want to make sure that we also have ventilation to the outside.
4 minutes | Jun 10, 2020
Cleaning the Well and Septic: After a Flood
In case you are well and your own septic system provides been flooded water in addition to you want to be able to have them examined and then do something to be sure to guard your family's health and your septic method does not function properly when is actually flooded, therefore, may run water straight down any drains inside your household throughout the flood. As shortly as the floodwaters recede hire qualified septic professionals in the future and examine your septic tank and the soil treatment region. They should available the tank to be able to measure how very much scum and sludge have accumulated and also to determine whether the tank needs to be pumped. They should also take the effluent display screen and clean might they should verify the inspection slots in the soil treatment area, in addition, to clean those if possible. After it's been pumped the solid waste tank should likewise be checked and make sure that it's still watertight, also this is a genuinely good chance to make sure that your system is in compliance often. After a flood, there are usually funds available to help with water clean-up you should have got your system examined to make sure that it is actually in compliance plus if a possibility, you may well be able to acquire funds to resolve it up and provide it into complying with current specifications. It's really important to avoid compacting typically the soil and in your soil remedy area, so help to make sure there are vehicles or other gear is placed there. The soils in the treatment area are very susceptible to compaction after having water damage, in addition to even one instance of compaction may cause long-term permanent damage to your current soil treatment location when the floodwaters acknowledged or covered your own wellhead and that looks something like this after that your well should be disinfected. Before an individual makes use of the water is actually an easy process you can seek the services of a professional or perhaps you can follow the directions in the fact, the sheet that you can log off. The University associated with the Minnesota Extension site that will explain to you the way to perform it and is actually essential to use the correct level of chlorine bleach and keep it in typically the well and inside your household plumbing related for a very long time frame to eliminate all the disease-causing organisms that may have gotten directly into your well through the flood. The factsheet will help an individual calculate simply how much chlorine to use in addition to telling you just how to begin chlorinating the well and after you've flourished the cap make the chlorine in you want to be able to go in your house and run each and every tap until you smell the chlorine and after that turn that off again. Remember to run the bath and flush the bathroom too. You may want to turn off your water heating unit and drain this and let the chlorinated water refill the water heater. After is actually sat within your house plumbing and the well for half a dozen to eight several hours. You need to drain that chlorinated water through an outside touch, not into your solid waste system, and if a person needs to have water from your nicely before it's recently been chlorinated, you could boil it to make certain that it's secure and that this kills those disease-causing organisms. The Center for Disease Control claims to dissect the water for starters minute at a new rolling boil and also to make sure you kill individuals organisms. If the water happens cloudy when you very first run it permit it to settle plus then pour typically the clearwater off typically the top and boil that.
6 minutes | Jun 8, 2020
How To Inspect Home Water Damage and Dry Homes After Flood
This is Martin with PAGE RANK at home normal water, after responding regarding a home water damage scenario in San Diego California with Apr 5th, 2012 and we will walk the particular job and examine it for normal flood water damage, the affected om kitchen, hallway, bedroom, and typically the hot water heater room. Supply of damage is usually said to supply or deplete line for the water heater and this particular part broke in addition to flooded out this specific entire area in addition to the water heating unit was replaced proceeded to go building materials applying hydro sensors to be able to determine the degree of moisture immigration. So, if an individual look at typically the subfloor here, I think okay moisture stuck there more here so, this is usually all wet in this article regards to the flooring this is certainly elaborate wet the walls. Likewise are impacted in this article with no plaster walls that are moist approximately six in. High right here and three inches high. There all of us have this -panel inhere it's likewise wet and at the bottom. We went out directly into the hallway, and you could see the wooden floor has also been damaged it is taking water damage and mold. If you appearance down the hallway you can see the peeking and the particular bowing of the particular wood and the water stains plaster wall space and it is also wet right here. other laws have got elevated moisture and as we stroll down the hall you can notice more flood damage and mold to the wood in which the flooring and the particular walls are still wet here. This is the dining room, we have a single wall here that is up against the water. Came down this particular route okay I possess this wall within the kitchen to perspire here stop furthermore. The vinyl tiles with the food prep seam correctly here. The following yet it's wet right here so the humidity did the vinyl fabric tiles you may also note that it's hollow the hollowed-out sound means that it is separated from your floor recommendations. This particular project would remove baseboards to get rid of damaged portions from the vinyl tile deal with the areas along with the milled aside and they established drying equipment as required. One lover /wet wall area, for example, all of us could set 1 fan here that will dry away the whole hallway locating legit Marton with precision restoration solutions North park California Apr 5th, 2012 water damage restoration.
3 minutes | Jun 7, 2020
After a Flood: Products to Clean in Your Home
This is Mike Waldvogel, and when you get into the cleaning phase of recovering from a flooded water house, there's a variety of products that are available to use. The first thing you want to do is make sure you clean molded covered surfaces because that important to remove some of the molds. As much as possible before we use something like bleach. And it's very important that you actually use a cleaning product that is phosphate-free, and that will be written on the label itself because fungi like a phosphate source, and you don't want to make one available for them to use. There are a number of other products and some of the ones that professional users are something along this lines, and it's a product that they apply to remove the mold growth and before they use products such as BoraCare, which is used to preserve the wood, keep it or protect it from wood-decaying fungi, as well as some things like termites and carpenter ants as well. Most of us are going to probably use something like bleach, and it's actually important that you look at the label very carefully, because some bleach products actually contain a higher concentration of bleach. So this version of Clorox actually contains a percent bleach or a percent active ingredient, whereas the product that we more commonly use is somewhere in the range of about five percent. So, before you use one of these products please read the label very carefully because you want to know that you're diluting it properly, or otherwise it may not do the job that you need. Now, one option you have, if you're not going to use something like a sponge or disposable towels to clean off mold is you, can also use something like a pump sprayer, and you need to be very careful when using these ones of these things. If you're going to be spraying up over your head onto a flat surface or on to, say, floor or studs to remove some of the molds you want to make sure that you're wearing goggles because you're spraying up over your head, and you're looking up there, you don't want to get the chemical in your eyes. You want to use a pump sprayer like this; do not use a metal sprayer if you're going to put bleach init because it can be a corrosive agent to it I and can actually damage the sprayer over time. So we've got this plastic sprayer that you can buy most hardware stores, and I've got on there what's called a flat-fan nozzle so it doesn't produce a pin stream what it does instead is it produces a fan spray like this so you're covering a much broader surface as you go along so you can get the job done more effectively and more quickly as well. Another point to keep in mind when you go to stop for the end of the day is you want to make sure you release the pressure and don't do that by standing directly over it because you want to make sure that when you release that pressure you don't get anything in your face. So stand to the side slowly, let out the pressure, and then your set. You're good to go. There are also a number of products that are available if you have a severe odor problem either due to decaying food or possibly a dead animal such as a dead rodent in your crawlspace or your attic or something like that and there are some products that you can get available both in common hardware stores or even this product which is sold, professionals. It's important to use a product that actually gets rid of the odor not simply masks it, because you're not dealing with the problem at hand. The other thing is if you can locate the source you want to remove it as soon as possible.
6 minutes | May 25, 2020
How to the Kill Household Mold
There's no home that's immune system to mold growth and while not necessarily all mold will be dangerous and just how could you tell? For sure that's what this particular video is all about. I'll demonstrate the more effective crucial steps regarding securely and successfully coping with mold growth and mold remediation whenever that shows up in your location. Action primary, assess typically the situation starts by identifying the total level of form growth in the particular damaged area from your house. This could end up being effortless or challenging based on your position. Since a new homeowner, you may manage moldy locations less than typically the sizing of about a sheet of plywood or perhaps so yet bigger patches or perhaps moldy areas of which involve and several sorts of sewage back upwards are best still left to the advantages. Step number two removes the humidity source mold simply grows in the existence of moisture that is why you require to make the location completely dry just before you can assume everlasting freedom coming from mold regrowth cellars and garages. which can be especially prone to water steam infiltration and through masonry walls and floors, but venting will be not constantly the response. Only ventilate cellars and garages. Whenever outdoor air will be cooler as compared to the air inside your basements ventilation in the course of hot humid weather conditions only. Actually that promotes mold progress. Step number three, help to make mold removal decisions. Several moldy surfaces usually are ideal for treatment in addition to restoration, but it's usually simpler to remove in addition to replace large places of moldy drywall ceiling tiles floor covering, and other nonstructural materials where a new HEPA rated respirator. While you work to protect oneself from airborne form spores, here's a new simple tip also seemingly dry cellars and garages. It can allow enough moisture vapor to be able to migrate up through the concrete and also to result in mold growth about cardboard. So never ever store anything organic and natural directly on the concrete basement floor especially, cardboard bins. Step number four, dry the location drying out persistently. Moldy places are very important for success plus airflow heat in addition to a dehumidifier are the three best drawing tools you have. You'll get the particular best results if you monitor typically the relative humidity from the space with the hygrometer, allowing a lot more or less exterior ventilation to velocity drawing depending on typically the outdoor temperature plus humidity conditions. Stage number five, kill mold and dissuade growth. This is usually where the frequent practice of applying bleach to kill mold is truly a blunder while the harmful nature of bleach does kill form on hard non-porous surfaces it doesn't do a very good job on floors that are a little bit porous, that's because almost all molds send root-like structures called hyphae into porous areas. To collect nutrients area tension prevents standard bleach and normal water solutions from going through deeply enough directly into wood or concrete. In order to kill these root base but this is usually one place wherever the new registered fungicide technologies usually are better than lightening for breaking typically the molding cycle. The particular most widely accessible non-toxic registered item I found so far is could chromium mold handle it's a liquefied that kills mold and mold spores by mechanical actions. Physically crushing just about all aspects of typically the mold organism since it dries this particular mechanical action is usually how a non-toxic product like this can in fact kill form. It also discourages regrowth if the area from time to time becomes moist again. Step number six, eradicate mold staining even dead mildew still looks unsightly although traditional lighten will often brighten typically the moldy surfaces. Lighten is additionally toxic in addition to it often discolors surrounding areas. The best option We have found up to now is usually for removing old mold staining as a product called form stain eraser is actually oxygen-based merchandise that comes as a powder, blend it with warm water allow it to stay for 10 mins then apply the particular solution on a couple of discolored surfaces upwards to 45 moments. After mixing inside my tests mold stain eraser gets rid of mold stains inside many conditions without having to change the shade of surrounding supplies. The active element eventually reverts back again to oxygen plus water, so absolutely nothing harmful is put aside. Action number seven, avoid mold regrowth even fungicides offering leftover mold control and aren't magic ultimately. You need to be able to keep moisture ranges down to eradicate an eventual mold relapse and this means different things in numerous situations. Guarantee adequate ventilation in order to keep indoor comparative humidity at or perhaps below 50% especially during winter weather, where it's especially cold outside, and constantly be about the lookout with regard to roof leaks coming from ice dams water getting into the basement or chronically dripping pipes, especially in hidden places such as behind washing machines or even under the cooking area, counter killing plus eliminating indoor form isn't complicated and you also don't have to be able to expose you to be able to harmful chemicals you do the function right first try things out then kill the mold making organisms eliminate any molding staining and after that keep points dry that's all there is to this you.
4 minutes | May 25, 2020
After a Flood: Basic House Cleanup (Part 2)
This is certainly Sarah Kirby and that we are here from a home that had been heavily damaged by Hurricane Matthew. This experienced intensive flooding and some from the things we usually are going to speak about related to this specific house are items that you’ll locate when you come back to your home right after flooding. So a single of the points that you’ll observe right off when we enter the entrance is that you simply can see where the ton line was. So the floodwater came completely up to this specific point and everything below was condensed in water. So some furnishings can be salvaged. It truly will depend on the type of furniture it is. Solid wood again is usually not as porous as veneer parts or particleboard. Therefore if you obtain in soon enough an individual can actually salvage this. In this specific case, I would just remove it from the house, I would consider mineral spirits plus wipe it down to remove several of the molds and to remediate molds who have already produced into it. I might also return back in this article and remove the again of the piece of furniture to ensure that it could dry thoroughly. We would also take out there the drawers plus allow those to dry out separately because exactly what happens is they have a tendency to swell. Including this point, this particular drawer is not able to come out because it may be swollen. So what We would do is usually I would consider this furniture piece may possibly be out to be able to the garage, permit it to air out there over time, and since it starts in order to dry slowly, I’d pull the compartment out a little bit at a time. The most important thing will be with a part of wood furnishings, you don’t want to set it in the sunshine and Enable it to dry out quickly. It requirements to dry gradually so it does not warp and distort with time. This is usually a veneer, and exactly what has happened since the water entered the property and has receded and it’s beginning to dry the particular veneer has actually pulled keep your distance from the particleboard behind it. Also, you’ll notice that it’s greatly warped on the part, and again honestly, that is because of that veneer – the veneer and its layered have come undone so it’s coming apart and starting up to buckle. Typically the back, too, comes apart. You’ll that it didn’t get long for mildew to grow on of which. And this piece of furniture is not necessarily salvageable at just about all. So upholstered home furniture is one of the people things that we probably will not keep, and the reason regarding that is when it’s saturated along with water, all of the pieces of which absorbed that normal water have to become removed. So you’d have to off typically the batting, the information, you’d have to consider it all the method down to typically the frame also to typically the springs and restore from there. You must weigh trying to salvage it together with the price of replacing it and the price tag on mending it. So bedding which may have been inundated must be removed from the house in addition to discarded. One regarding the things you will want to be sure you do, though, just before you put your own mattress out by the edge of the road to be indexed, is you will want to take a container knife and cut a large X inside the middle associated with it. And the particular reason you are doing that is so an individual who is generating over the road in addition to sees a beautiful mattress doesn’t abruptly decide, ‘I consider I’ll take of which home and use it for my children since you certainly wouldn’t need anybody else to be sleeping upon a contaminated bed. One important thing, too, of which you will find when you look about is after an overflow every person brings just about all of their things outside – typically the things that need to be discarded and because anyone looks around, an individual can see proof of some of the many things we talked about within the house. You can observe pieces of home furniture that are warping, pulling away coming from the particleboard, or even the wood beneath. You can see baseboards who have to be able to be removed in order that walls can end up being dried. You may see evidence of cabinets and some other pieces of the interior of the residence, insulation, and all sorts of these kinds of things are things that need to become discarded, removed from the particular home so the home can start to be dried out.
5 minutes | May 25, 2020
After the Flood: Basic House Cleanup (Part 1)
This is Sarah Kirby and is here in the residence that has been heavily damaged just by Hurricane Matthew. That experienced extensive flooding that needs a flood cleanup. All of us are getting to discuss related in order to this particular specific home and the items that you will find whenever individual earnings to your house after flooding. Before a person ever reaches inside the home, though, there are usually a brand new couple of points you will need to end up being able to perform beyond the particular house. The first aspect you will need within purchase to perform is usually glanced at the home and help to make sure it’s conceptually audio. Therefore you’ll move walking the house and look for items like breaks, deciding within the bottom, stairways that can end up being damaged aside, bricks which could have shifted, column, plus this kind of thing since that will that might be misplaced. You will also want to be sure the roof is not really sagging, that will everything’s okay there the particular electrical ranges are certainly not down, that will today there are usually simply no slots or even obvious risks outside the residence which you might experience. So one of the things you’ll uncover about this house could it have wall-to-wall carpeting, at the very least inside this area for the kitchen area. Plus wall-to-wall carpets are usually, again, extremely porous. It soaked upward all of the items that will all those floodwaters took, thus if there exists gasoline in the specific floodwaters, pesticides, manure that’s all recently been absorbed right in this article within this floor covering. So what all of us want to carry out with wall-to-wall carpet is we all need to just pull it up and have it about the house combined with the padding underneath of which. We don’t conserve either the flooring or the support. This unique is the stable situation wherever we want to appear at the walls to ascertain just what happens and anytime floodwaters actually flood a residence likewise to observe what are the results at the rear of the wall structure. The issue has been not already open and this specific wasn’t a is located firmly situation, We would have my hat on, my N95 or even far better respirator, our eye protection, I’d make certain I actually had gloves, long fleshlight sleeves, and then for our personal protection although I’m opening this particular wall structure. One thing to keep in mind, also, is always that not simply do the drywall and padding absorb the normal water to be able to the flood range, nonetheless, it also wicks up. It can wick up to about a new foot above anywhere that water range was. So when you go to be able to remove the wall structure in order that you can dry out the buttons and you could dry out the sheeting, an individual needs to get rid of the drywall concerning a foot above where that normal water line was. We must determine the humidity content of the particular wood before we all return back and seal this wall upward again with insulating material and with drywall. In addition to the way, we all do that is by using moisture in discourse. This is the moisture meter. That has two prongs. You put that into the wood, plus it will provide you with the moisture content of the particular piece regarding wood. Down under here, the humidity content is around 55 percent; 50 % is way large. But look what’s interesting is if we go just a bit above it and we do a new reading, it tells us we are from about 15 or 16 percent. Thus right from in this article above is dry out. Anything 15 or even below is dry out enough to protect up. While you are about 19 to fifteen percent, you are getting close. Anything previously mentioned 19 percent, we certainly have a concern about it. A whole lot of men and women have hardwood floor surfaces in their residence, and hardwood flooring may be salvaged, nonetheless, they are sort of a new special case. You can view that as they will dry, they may buckle. They will warp. They will generate an uneven surface. So if an individual can, as it may be drying, if you possibly could every so many ft remove a panel or a plank, it dries a new little flatter without the buckling and the warping, you’ll learn better. Once this will be dry, though, exactly what you’ll need to be able to do is to be able to come back and crushed stone it and re-finish it again. So we’ve walked by means of the house, in addition to we’ve seen typically the extensive water damage that will a flood are able to do. It can ruin furniture. It can ruin floors. That can create a great considerable amount associated with mold growth all through the house. Nevertheless, the good news will be that the essentials of a house usually can be salvaged, so even though a lot of these things will have to end up being taken out in addition to discarded, you may still eventually are in this house plus even avoid wasting associated with those things an individual have experienced from your own past. Nevertheless, the important thing is performing it carefully in addition to performing it properly in addition to finding the time to enable the house the opportunity to dry.