97 minutes | Jan 14th 2021

Episode 4: The Biggest Lie - We have Much Less, and Also Much More Control Than We Think

Join former mayor, municipal manager, professor, and consultant Alex Torpey in the fourth episode of Rethinking. In this episode, we will explore the concepts of self, free will, and consciousness to help better understand the common denominator of nearly every issue we face today – a fundamental misunderstanding of how our minds work. This is part one of two. After we identify the false assumptions about how we form ideas, have beliefs, and take actions, in the next episode, we will look at how those false assumptions lead to, and currently operate, today’s systems and world. Additional Resources Dr. Robert Saplosky, providing an excellent overview filled with very good examples that further flesh out some topics on free will, evolution, and origins and mechanisms of our behavior: https://youtu.be/2bnSY4L3V8sAnnaka Harris on Consciousness – YouTube: https://youtu.be/vqP5ukwyfp0“You don’t have free will, but don’t worry” by Dr. Sabine Hossenfelder – Short overview of the arguments against free will existing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zpU_e3jh_FY&list=WL&index=2 Select additional resources:  David Foster Wallace keynote talk at Kenyon College: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CrOL-ydFMIConsciousness further resources Nour Foundation Panel: https://youtu.be/1KHTbmaKhAMConsciousness, Psychedelics, and Panpsychism | Andrés Gómez Emilsson | Waking Cosmos https://youtu.be/2CV-LUrlC7kPhiliop Goff on Panspychism: https://youtu.be/AlCEGigrzPYGalileo’s Error: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/43069288-galileo-s-errorThomas Nagle: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/animal-minds/201202/what-is-it-be-batDavid Chalmers on various types of consciousness theories PDF: http://www.consc.net/papers/panpsychism.pdfFree will further resources Dr. Sabine Hossenfelder: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zpU_e3jh_FY&list=WL&index=2Sam Harris and Dan Dennett debate free will: https://youtu.be/sueFi0F8ynESam Harris on Free will: https://youtu.be/pCofmZlC72gPanel on free will from the World Science Festival: https://youtu.be/uIXGxRZk3G4Evolutionary biology further resources 7 1/2 lessons about the brain: Lisa Feldman Barrett: https://www.newscientist.com/term/quantum-physics/Stanford University Course (Sapolsky) on Evolutionary Biology: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL848F2368C90DDC3DParasites: Overview of some of the types of parasites that change behaviors: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00572/fullQuantum physics: https://www.newscientist.com/term/quantum-physicsMoral/physical cleanliness studieshttps://www.nature.com/articles/srep10471https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/1810/239314/Schnall,%20Benton%20&%20Harvey%20(2008).pdf?sequence=1Hand Washing Induces a Clean Slate Effect in Moral Judgments: A Pupillometry and Eye-Tracking Study: https://search.proquest.com/sciencejournals/docview/1899560781/E765B90FEE6C4468PQ/3?accountid=13793Washing the guilt away: effects of personal versus vicarious cleansing on guilty feelings and prosocial behavior: https://search.proquest.com/sciencejournals/docview/2292181443/E765B90FEE6C4468PQ/4?accountid=13793Washing Away Your Sins: Threatened Morality and Physical Cleansing: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/313/5792/1451.abstractMary the elephant: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_(elephant)Split brain studiesBrief overview of split brain phenomena: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FsM1IQ9d2pwOriginal study: https://educationalgames.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/split-brain/background.htmlConfabulation specifically: Snap Judgements, Split Brains, and Strange Lies: Sam Brinson: https://www.sambrinson.com/snap-judgements-split-brains-strange-lies/Understanding Confabulation: An Introduction for Criminal Justice and Mental Health Professionals: https://online.csp.edu/blog/forensic-scholars-today/understanding-confabulation/Confabulation – Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy: https://www.google.com/books/edition/Confabulation/OLhfl0bvhY0C?hl=en&gbpv=1&pg=PA173&printsec=frontcoverOne Head, Two Brains – The Atlantic: https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/07/split-brain-research-sperry-gazzaniga/399290/Eye Scanninghttps://www.skybrary.aero/index.php/Visual_Scanning_TechniquePattern recognitionAn overview from Scientific American: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/patternicity-finding-meaningful-patterns/Key and Peele skit: https://youtu.be/naleynXS7yoBias in decision makingDan Ariely: Are we in Control of our Decisions? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9X68dm92HVI And Predictably Irrational: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wfcro5iM5vwBarry Schwartz: The Paradox of Choice: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VO6XEQIsCoMUnconscious decision making: Unconscious determinants of free decisions in the human brain: Nature Nueroscience https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18408715/Investigating the Awareness of Remembering: Perspectives on Psychological science: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26158944/Reading and doing arithmetic nonconsciously: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: https://www.pnas.org/content/109/48/19614EmotionsStoicism Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AiM9YcE0LT4The practicing Stoic by Ward Farnsworth: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/37886498-the-practicing-stoicYou aren’t at the mercy of your emotions — your brain creates them | Lisa Feldman Barrett at TED https://youtu.be/0gks6ceq4eQBrian plasticity/resiliency  Brief overview on Brain resiliency/plasticity: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kWIagHUqD8AFinancial cognitive biases about percentages See Dan Ariely links Other:Yuval Noah Harrari: Sapiens, and Homo Deus Robin Hanson: The Elephant in the Brain
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