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PRIO's Peace in a Pod
26 minutes | Oct 8, 2021
62- A Nobel Peace Prize for Journalism: PRIO Researchers Comment
The Nobel Peace Prize for 2021 has been awarded to Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov, with the committee highlighting these journalists' efforts to safeguard freedom of expression. Maria Ressa is a Filipino-American journalist who has revealed abuse of power, violence, and authoritarianism in the Philippines. Dmitry Muratov is editor-in-chief of Novaya Gazeta, the most independent Russian newspaper.To comment on this prize, PRIO researchers Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert and Pavel Baev join the podcast with their fresh reactions.
47 minutes | Oct 1, 2021
61- Nobel Peace Prize Shortlist 2021: Henrik Urdal's Picks
With just one week left before the Nobel Peace Prize is announced, we take a look at PRIO Director Henrik Urdal's shortlist of possible candidates.You can read more about his list here: https://www.prio.org/About/PeacePrize/PRIO-Directors-Shortlist-2021/ Thank you to the many guests on this episode:Henrik Urdal, PRIO DirectorMaria Gabrielsen Jumbert, Research Director and Senior ResearcherCarina Strøm Smith, Research AssistantJonas Vestby, Senior ResearcherJørgen Jensehaugen, Senior ResearcherAmalie Nilsen, Research Assistant
33 minutes | Sep 30, 2021
60- Transformative Visual Storytelling in Conflict Research
What is the transformative potential of visual storytelling in conflict research?In the project Societal Transformation in Conflict Contexts or (TRANSFORM), animations and comics were created in collaboration between researchers, activists, artists, writers, and many others. These pieces of art not only serve to inspire possible change, but also to illustrate and highlight stories of societal transformation around the world. That work was done in collaboration with PositiveNegatives. Today Ben Dix, PositiveNegatives Founder, and Cindy Horst, Research Professor at PRIO, talk about their work together.Find out more about the TRANSFORM project here: https://www.prio.org/Projects/Project/?x=1734For more about our 30 September event click here: https://www.facebook.com/events/931402467456135 View the virtual exhibition here: https://transform.prio.org/ Find out more about PositiveNegatives here: https://positivenegatives.org/ You can listen to the episode with Kue Cool and Marte Nilsen here: https://open.spotify.com/episode/3xq0RAMKqoQPrgIm3HZ9y9?si=ZsvbgKp9QRGt1BSTgL36Lw&dl_branch=1 Read about co-creating knowledge here: https://www.prio.org/Publications/Publication/?x=11129
29 minutes | Sep 17, 2021
58- Coup in Guinea
On September 5th, 2021, the military in Guinea pulled off a coup against president alpha conde. The coup was led by Colonel Mamady Doumbouya, and since then the situation has been unclear, though the military remains in power. Many in Guinea welcomed the power change, while others condemn it – and the international community largely falls in the second camp. What will happen next? To hear the previous episode from last year on Guinea and West Africa: https://open.spotify.com/episode/4TabwVOnfyJWp7BDUVOy1w?si=b6806ce7eb6a4429 To read more from Zahara: https://blogs.prio.org/2020/11/protests-elections-and-ethnic-tensions-in-west-africa-what-are-the-driving-forces
28 minutes | Sep 16, 2021
57- Energy and Power in the Eastern Mediterranean
Scrambles for natural resources and struggles for power when such resources come to light are a frequent cause of international conflict and tension around the world. In the Eastern Mediterranean, recent discovery of hydrocarbon has only exacerbated existing tensions. This is a region that includes Cyprus, Turkey, Greece, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, Palestine, and Israel. Today we’re going to hear from PRIO Cyprus Centre researcher Zenonas Tziarras on this topic: he'll explain the key players, the recent history, and what kinds of issues he thinks are worth highlighting there.
69 minutes | Sep 11, 2021
56- The Legacy of 9/11: "20 years past this, we're still at the beginning"
Today marks 20 years since 9/11. In this episode four researchers share their reflections on what the effects of this event have been on global politics, security, and war.Further reading and articles we referenced:https://www.idunn.no/nnt/2021/01-02/hva_vi_snakker_om_naar_vi_snakker_om_digitaliseringens_polithttps://academic.oup.com/bjc/article/59/3/674/5233371https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/law-and-social-inquiry/article/counterterrorism-war-paradigm-versus-international-humanitarian-law-the-legal-contradictions-and-global-consequences-of-the-us-war-on-terror/3F5CD7F94E259D807D360DEA92EE7E4D
29 minutes | Sep 10, 2021
55- Technology's Power in Myanmar
In the last few years, technology has played a huge role in Myanmar’s politics and life in the last few years. Research Professor Stein Tønnesson explains how Facebook and Telenor in particular went wrong – and right – in the country, and what lasting effects those companies have had.
44 minutes | Sep 9, 2021
54- Coup in Myanmar, Seven Months Later
Just over seven months ago, on February 1st, 2021, the world witnessed a shockingly audacious military coup in Myanmar, in which the democratically elected National League for Democracy was deposed. Today I’m talking again to these three researchers, getting their impressions and updates after seven months. Marte's blog post: https://blogs.prio.org/2020/07/the-politics-of-humanitarian-aid-to-myanmar/Visit Myanmar Bazaar: https://www.instagram.com/myanmarbazar/Thank you to Sophie who read her poem: https://www.instagram.com/sophine_poetry/Thank you also to Rap Against Junta and 882021 for permission to play the song. Watch 882021's video for "Lee Coup" here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKFXeKFMBtA&t=2s&ab_channel=RapAgainstJunta
19 minutes | Aug 17, 2021
53- Taliban Takeover: What Happened?
The past week has been a shock for Afghanistan and the world watching. In a matter of days, the Taliban took over regional capitals one by one, entering Kabul on Sunday, August 15. How could this have happened? Was it foreseeable – and preventable? Research Professor Kristian Berg Harpviken shares some initial thoughts on today’s episode.You can read Kristian's blog post here: https://blogs.prio.org/2021/08/what-happened-to-afghanistans-security-forces/
38 minutes | Aug 14, 2021
52- Mixing Methods Without Making a Mess (Part 2)
In the second of this two-parter, Jørgen Carling shares his tips for employing mixed methods in research.Links: Jørgen has made an overview of mixed methods examples in his own work, which you can find here: https://jorgencarling.org/2021/08/12/how-ive-used-mixed-methods-or-not-over-20-years-of-doing-migration-research/Mario Luis Small's overview of recent trends can be accessed here: https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.soc.012809.102657The article on gender and romantic adolescent relationships that uses mixed methods, can be found here: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/000312240607100205
29 minutes | Aug 13, 2021
51- Mixing Methods Without Making a Mess (Part 1)
Research methods inform how knowledge is gained. The methods a researcher uses are often at the core of how they think about the world. Increasingly, some researchers have tried mixing methods. But this approach to research, though often beneficial, can also be challenging. PRIO research professor Jørgen Carling shares what he has learned about using mixed methods, and why it works so well for him.Links:Jørgen has made an overview of mixed methods examples in his own work, which you can find here: https://jorgencarling.org/2021/08/12/how-ive-used-mixed-methods-or-not-over-20-years-of-doing-migration-research/Mario Luis Small's overview of recent trends can be accessed here: https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.soc.012809.102657The article on gender and romantic adolescent relationships that uses mixed methods, can be found here: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/000312240607100205
42 minutes | Aug 5, 2021
Repost: 35- Can Research Tell Us How to Talk About Racism?
In the last few weeks a familiar subject matter has dominated headlines again: is structural racism an issue in the UK, Norway, France, and many other countries? Is this term, which is often situated in an American context, relevant to Europe and other parts of the world? PRIO Research Director Marta Bivand Erdal goes beyond the debate on whether or not structural racism is a useful term to the heart of the matter: no matter what terms we use, she argues, people are experiencing discrimination big and small in their everyday lives. And often linked quite simply to other people’s assumptions, which they base on what a person looks like. How can these incidents be resolved and reckoned with? You can find Marta's op-eds on antiracism (in English) at blogs.prio.org or with these links: https://blogs.prio.org/2020/06/it-should-change-young-people-on-skin-colour-and-national-belonging-in-norway/ https://blogs.prio.org/2021/03/antiracism-the-willingness-to-understand-others/ https://blogs.prio.org/2021/03/the-debate-on-structural-racism-is-far-more-polarized-than-it-needs-to-be/ You can find some of Marta's research here: https://www.prio.org/Projects/Project/?x=1669 https://www.prio.org/Projects/Project/?x=1564
31 minutes | Jul 29, 2021
Repost: 42- Justice in Uganda
Justice after a conflict is often part of peacebuilding, and can be an important part of addressing victims’ experiences. These post-conflict processes are called “transitional justice” and are well-studied. But during-conflict justice is less understood. When governments use trials, truth commissions, exiles and other tools to address crimes, even while violence is ongoing, what does it do to both the conflict itself and the people involved? Lino Owor Ogora, Nobert Dacan, and Cyanne Loyle join the podcast to address the case of Uganda. You can find the project page for All is Fair in Law and War with related publications here: https://www.prio.org/Projects/Project/?x=1818
43 minutes | Jul 22, 2021
50- Ten Years After 22 of July: Memory and Memorialization
Today marks the 10th anniversary of the bombing of the Oslo government quarters and the massacre on Utøya by terrorist Anders Behring Breivik. On the 22nd of July 2011, 77 people died, many more were injured and traumatized, and the effects of that event are still being felt today.This week, Kristin Sandvik and Ingeborg Hjorth talk about the memorial at Utøya, and the controversy iterations of it have generated. They also illuminate how the ripple effects of a tragedy like this make waves in such a small country as Norway.If you missed episode 49, you can listen to hear about the government quarter and rebuilding post-22 July.One of the key articles referenced here (by Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, Ingunn Ikdahl and Kjersti Lohne) can be found at this link: https://www.idunn.no/norsk_sosiologisk_tidsskrift/2021/03/rettens_rolle_etter_22_juliThe Aftenposten article quoted can be read here: https://www.aftenposten.no/meninger/kommentar/i/8denx/naa-maa-utoeya-striden-loeses-per-anders-madsen
22 minutes | Jul 15, 2021
Repost: 19- Humans and War: Is It in Our Evolution?
Have humans evolved psychological adaptations to war? That's what Henrikas Bartusevičius will look at in his cutting-edge research project "Adapted to War". Henrikas will investigate whether humans have evolved psychological adaptations to war. To do that, he’ll have to work across disciplines, conducting lab experiments and surveys. We discuss how he became interested in this topic, and what it could mean for how we understand human behaviors.Read more about the project here: https://www.prio.org/Projects/Project/?x=1901
41 minutes | Jul 8, 2021
49- Rebuilding and Security After a Terrorist Attack: 22 July in Oslo
On the 22nd of July, 2011, Norway experienced it’s deadliest attack since World War II. Ten years later, the country is still reckoning with what happened. Part of that reckoning is physical, embodied in the tearing down and rebuilding of the government quarter where the first attack took place. Much of the construction and planning has been controversial, and there is still extensive work to be done.In this episode, Kristin Bergtora Sandvik and Sissel Haugdal Jore discuss how the rebuilding has been planned and envisioned, and what this can mean for the security of ordinary citizens – both in their everyday lives, and in how we conceptualize safety in cities.Jore was part of the concept assessment for the future government quarters, and also conducted a research project on the consequences of security in Oslo. Sandvik leads a new project on the attack, titled "LAW22JULY: RIPPLES: Rights, Institutions, Procedures, Participation, Litigation: Embedding Security".You can read more about the project here: https://www.prio.org/Projects/Project/?x=1908 You can learn more about the Y Block here: https://yblokka.no/Links to some of the articles discussed here:https://www.morgenbladet.no/ideer/kronikk/2021/01/10/sikkerhet-er-ingen-unnskyldning-for-a-lukke-debatter-om-nytt-regjeringskvartal/"Troublesome trade-offs: balancing urban activities and values when securing a city-centre governmental quarter": https://cityterritoryarchitecture.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40410-015-0025-6"The contribution of foresight to improve long-term security planning": https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0040162513003107
27 minutes | Jul 1, 2021
Repost: 27- Have Universities Diversified Their Reading Lists Since #RhodesMustFall?
In the wake of Black Lives Matter protests around the world, many institutions looked inward at what they could do or change, PRIO included. Last year PRIO allocated internal funding to develop projects on ethnic, racial, cultural and religious discrimination. One those projects is "Teaching African peace and conflict through European eyes (EruopAcademy)". This project, led by Ilaria Carozza and Marie Sandnes, set out to assess university syllabi from around Europe, before and after 2015 (when the #RhodesMustFall movement started), to see how diverse they were and are. In this episode they share their initial findings from courses on Africa, peace and conflict offered at several European universities, and talk about where they'd like to take the project. You can find PRIO's Collection on Racism, Inequality and Discrimination here: https://blogs.prio.org/2020/10/collection-of-prio-research-on-racism-inequality-and-discrimination/ You can find a policy brief on this topic by Marie and Ilaria here: https://www.prio.org/Publications/Publication/?x=12728
21 minutes | Jun 24, 2021
48- How Can We Explain Support for Terrorism?
What makes people support terrorism or violent extremism? Is there any way to know what factors contribute? As terrorism has increasingly become a global concern, research has focused on who becomes a terrorist, and who supports terrorism, with many valuable conclusions coming out of that research. But until now no one has looked at whether these findings hold on a global scale.In a new report for the United Nations Development Programme, Tora Sagård investigated just that, and in this episode she discusses her thoughts on the results.Read the report here: https://www1.undp.org/content/oslo-governance-centre/en/home/library/when-is-conventional-wisdom-wise--testing-the-assumptions-behind.html
34 minutes | Jun 17, 2021
47- A Future to Meet One's Aspirations: Education and Refugee Experiences in Dadaab
In late 1991, refugee camps were set up in Dadaab, Kenya. Today, the three camps located there make up the third-largest refugee complex in the world. For many, Dadaab is a long term home, and education is of course an important part of life both in the camp and once an individual leaves. But while the UN Sustainable Development Goal 4 recognizes the need for everyone to have access to education, questions still remain about how to convert that education into stable and durable futures.Today, Hassan Aden takes us into his research from Dadaab and launches a new animation made in collaboration with Hanna Ali and the PositiveNegatives team.To find out more about the project, visit prio.org/rebuild.To read a policy brief on this topic visit the PRIO website or click here: https://www.prio.org/Publications/Publication/?x=12751 Watch "An Agent for Change" here: https://vimeo.com/562676307/99e79c54f8You can find more PositiveNegatives work at positivenegatives.org
31 minutes | Jun 16, 2021
46- New Trends in Conflict 2020
For the last 19 years, PRIO and the Uppsala university Department of peace and conflict have collaborated on the Uppsala Conflict Data Program. It’s the world’s main provider of data on organized violence, and is updated each year. In this episode Siri Aas Rustad shares the latest update and talks about changes and trends we’re seeing in armed conflict.You can find the data at https://www.pcr.uu.se/research/ucdp/To listen to the podcast referenced on ISIS, visit https://open.spotify.com/episode/7qFubObLrohC8GYuM2fkRb?si=734023cbea1b4bcaOr listen in any podcast app by searching for the episode title "Jihadism's Rise and Spread".
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