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4 Corners Podcast
64 minutes | a month ago
Why Iran Is The New Investing Frontier w/Maciej Wojtal
4 Corners Podcast · Why Iran Is The New Investing Frontier w/Maciej Wojtal Iran probably has the worst PR of any nation bar North Korea, but as investors blacklist Iran, some are seeing golden opportunities and are reaping the benefits. Maciej Wojtal is going all in and making a mark in Iran that is paying hansom dividends for his clients. In this episode we discuss: • Opportunity for Great Reset in US-Iran relations.• Relations between Iran and the region.• Impact of a New Iran Deal on the Iranian economy.• Ways to invest in Iran, restrictions and who can invest.• How will the market benefit from the change in US rhetoric. The best insight into the financial potential in Iran you will get this year. The post Why Iran Is The New Investing Frontier w/Maciej Wojtal appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
57 minutes | a month ago
What Is The Future Of The WTO? w/ Bernard Kuiten
4 Corners Podcast · What Is The Future Of The WTO? w/ Bernard Kuiten In the world of international trade arbitration, there is one thing that matters…keeping parties at the negotiation table. Few know the pressures and dynamics of international trade like Bernard Kuiten. Bernard has spent 22 years and counting at the helm of the World Trade Organisation as its Head of External Relations and works with internal and external stakeholders on a daily basis. We discuss: -What will be the main changes & challenges the WTO will face this new year and new decade? -What role the WTO can play as more and more nations develop their Center’s Of Power (CoP) -How can SME’s take advantage of the WTO? -What it was like for the BREXIT trade negotiators? -How can the WTO continue to be a place nations bring their objections & grievances instead of using hard power? The post What Is The Future Of The WTO? w/ Bernard Kuiten appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
53 minutes | 3 months ago
Data is the New Oil w/ Dr Edward Luttwak
4 Corners Podcast · Data is the New Oil w/ Dr Edward Luttwak The world is changing at such a rapid pace that a lot of the time we find ourselves focusing on the noise and acting upon unreliable or shallow information. In this episode of 4 Corners, we sit with the Machiavelli of Maryland Dr. Edward Luttwak to discuss: *The impact & influence of middle-level powers have on the global geopolitical landscape, * How do geopolitics and geoeconomics impact financial services and why should investors care? * How can business leaders make more informed & confident business & investing decisions given the uncertainty of world affairs 57mins of gold. Do not miss the listen The post Data is the New Oil w/ Dr Edward Luttwak appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
41 minutes | 4 months ago
Why The US-China Conflict Really Exists w/Simon Lacey
4 Corners Podcast · Why The US-China Conflict Really Exists w/Simon Lacey When China stepped onto the world stage in 2001 following the joining of the WTO things changed. Change happened very rapidly which made many in the west very suspicious. Fast forward to the present we have a geopolitical landscape poised to impact every aspect of business, life, and politics the world over. But what are the real reasons behind the US-China conflict and what are we missing? 4 Corners sits down with veteran trade and security expert Simon Lacey for the 411 on Why The US-China Conflict Really Exists. ……………………………..THE 4 Corners Podcast is powered by the Pangaea Wire Group, a London-based research house, and strategic consultancy. Our Director Klisman Murati invites guests to deep dive into the four areas of world affairs that will change and challenge the world the most for the next 100 years, including GLOBALISATIONGEOPOLITICSTRANSFORMATIVE TECHNOLOGY andSOCIETAL CHANGE pangaeawire.com/4-corners-podcast…ngaea-wire-group/ The post Why The US-China Conflict Really Exists w/Simon Lacey appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
33 minutes | 9 months ago
The Threat to Sovereignty in a New Age: Outer Space and Cyber
Pangaea Wire · The Threat to Sovereignty in a New Age: Outer Space and Cyber YouTube Video: www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Gbq5elnMeIWebsite: www.klismanmurati.com This lecture will examine whether sovereignty, the oldest innovation of statehood, continues to have relevance and will challenge the audience to reimagine a world where technology changes not only your day to day life but a much more fundamental aspect of how states draw the line. In exploring these issues Klisman will provide an insight into what it may mean to go to war in this new age and why borders may no longer matter. Territorial sovereignty has been a defining feature of the state since humans began drawing lines in the sand. Borders, real and imagined, have defined who can be classed as a state citizen and where the state can exercise power. Although the sovereignty of the state has evolved the concept itself has remained relatively unchallenged. However, as state actors increasingly operate in outer space and Cyberspace our very understanding of what sovereignty means is now changing. This lecture will discuss whether our current understanding of sovereignty can still be applied in this new age. Technology has changed the very face of our social, cultural, and even political world. This talk delves into the biggest changes/threat’s sovereignty faces; how we should understand them and what we should do about it. This talk will explore sovereignty in outer space, Cyberspace and the sovereignty dilemma, social media, cross border influence and other perceived threats to sovereignty. The post The Threat to Sovereignty in a New Age: Outer Space and Cyber appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
63 minutes | 10 months ago
The geopolitics of COVID-19 in the Middle East w/Cyril Widdershoven
Pangaea Wire · The geopolitics of COVID-19 in the Middle East w/Cyril Widdershoven Coronavirus spells disaster for the middle east. The perfect storm resulting from historically low oil prices, historically low demand, oversupply, geopolitical chaos, a non-existent tourist sector with everyone looking towards a solution which is increasingly harder to find. In this episode, Klisman Murati sits down with Dr Cyril Widdershoven a Middle Eastern Security and energy expert to find out what and who will be affected the most from the coronavirus, what this means for Russia and the future of GCC nations Vision 2030 equivalence. Hear why Dr Widdrshoven believes HIGH oil prices are the nail in the coffin for Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030, how Russia can play a more productive role in the Middle East and the real reason behind the OPEC + oversupply which lead to negative oil prices and more. I promise you, this is a podcast you would not want to miss this podcast. ………………………. Dr Cyril Widdershoven the Global Head of Strategy & Risk at Berry Commodities Fund and owner at VEROCY Consulting. The post The geopolitics of COVID-19 in the Middle East w/Cyril Widdershoven appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
72 minutes | a year ago
Klisman Murati: How the media really works w/Michael Fiorentino
The news media machine is a global goliath which has developed in an increasingly bad reputation. On this episode, we sit with Micheal Fiorentino who is a journalist for both NBC News and Reuters and delve into how the news machine really works, what might happen for the 2020 November elections in the United States given coronavirus, how journalists are doing their jobs during this crisis, and why certain parts of the world never seem to make headlines. www.klismanmurati.com The post Klisman Murati: How the media really works w/Michael Fiorentino appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
46 minutes | a year ago
5 Geopolitical Consequences of Coronavirus
The world has entered into truly remarkable times as the coronavirus takes its’ place as public enemy number one. Lock-down and self-isolation, has had some interesting consequences for a handful of the worlds conflict hotspots. Klisman dives into the geopolitical consequences of coronavirus with a focus on: Libya ISIS FRANCE HONG KONG LEADERSHIP CRISIS (WILDCARD) For more on Klisman Murati: www.klismanmurati.com The post 5 Geopolitical Consequences of Coronavirus appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
105 minutes | a year ago
Klisman Murati: Investing success in a changing world w/Richard Philbin
On this weeks Pangaea Wire Podcast we have the stalwart of investment management Richard Philbin in the hot seat. If you know Richard you know he is a treasure trove of knowledge and insights in the world of investing, and if you don’t know Richard, you’re about to get a masterclass from one of the best. We sat down to discuss all matters relating to: • The changing investment landscape • How to define success in today’s world •Portfolio construction 101 •Active vs. Passive investing And more!! The post Klisman Murati: Investing success in a changing world w/Richard Philbin appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
46 minutes | a year ago
Klisman Murati Keynote: How is geopolitics going to affect trade in 2020?
It’s clear to see that geopolitical risk is rising. We can all see the effects when we switch on the news. But WHY is geopolitical risk growing so rapidly and spreading so globally? and, how is it going to affect trade in 2020 and beyond? This keynote by Klisman Murati answers that question. Klisman challenges the school of thought that explains the rise of global geopolitical risk as a result of the United States of America taking a back seat somehow in international affairs. This “geopolitical recession” theory is dismantled and in turn, he offers the audience a better perspective of world affairs that more accurately reflects the changes we are seeing now, and what, we can expect to see in the future. Get ready to delve into the essential essence of how nations are build and why they become important, and why the 21st century is so different to any other time in history and fundamentally what this means for trade and commerce in 2020.…………………… Talk specifics: This keynote was delivered on the 27th February 2020 in Helsinki, Finland, as part of the International Trade and Forfeiting Association Fintech Discovery Day Conference. The post Klisman Murati Keynote: How is geopolitics going to affect trade in 2020? appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
90 minutes | a year ago
Klisman Murati: The $1.5 trillion heist, trade finance with Duarte Pedreira
Duarte Pedreira heads up Trade Finance at Crown Agents bank and is a personality you’ll likely won’t forget. His passion for life and hard work coupled with his international experience working in trade finance in emerging and frontier markets make him someone to pay attention to. Klisman Murati sits down with him on this podcast to talk about: *Why there is $1.5tn trade finance gap and why it really exists * How to choose your career and the importance of a global perspective *China’s impact in Africa * Education as a means of empowerment in relation to Duarte’s charity in Rwanda. The post Klisman Murati: The $1.5 trillion heist, trade finance with Duarte Pedreira appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
76 minutes | a year ago
Changing Landscape of Family Office Investments with Olivia Cooper
The world is changing. Investments are becoming more abundant but at the same time riskier. Family offices face many internal and external dynamics that Oliva Cooper understands all too well. Olivia heads up the Private Wealth & Family Office practice at Harrison Clark Rickerbys. She has many years of experience working with international family offices and speaks with knowledge and foresight on what the main challenges are, including: The global pandemic and risk management, Social cohesion as a geopolitical risk Free trade post BREXIT And why James Bond loves Aston Martins. The post Changing Landscape of Family Office Investments with Olivia Cooper appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
7 minutes | 3 years ago
France Vs Croatia (Final) | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs
The final was nothing short of epic France and Croatia showed real passion and sportsmanship. Would you be surprised to know that French Benedictine monks had a big part to play in the establishment of a royal culture in Croatia, as well as Napoleon’s strategic interest in the region? This and more in this podcast. Tune in The relationship between France and Croatia shares a long and very cooperative relationship. Unlike some pairings which for the most part is one-sided, meaning one country influencing the politics, culture, rad end history of the other with very little going in the other direction. France and Croatia share a somewhat more mutually responsive and collaborative relationship with one another. The two nations share among other things language, cultural, historical, intellectual, religious and kinship ties. Historical ties The connection between France and Croatia began with the spread of monasteries in Croatia by French Benedictine monks during the 800s AD and early 900s AD. In 925 AD, Croatia was elevated to the status of Kingdom and the notion of nobility quickly followed. Over the coming centuries, Croatian nobility assumed French practices to great controversy. This contributed to widespread political and social elitism among the nobles and monarch. The nobility regarded the peasant class as some unseen and irrelevant substrata of people which lead to high causality revolts and beheadings as well as sporadic periods of intense domestic violence. This strained ties with French culture and lead the people of Croatia to denounce French elitism. However, during the French Revolution, the principles of the enlightenment spread quickly throughout Croatia and the wider region quickly gaining intellectual capital, the ideas of enlightenment deeply influenced Croatian society, which subsequently led to the creation of Jacobin clubs in Zagreb and Dubrovnik. During the expansion of Napoleon Bonaparte’s First French Empire, large parts of Croatia were controlled by the French leading to the creation of the Illyrian Provinces. French rule in the Illyrian Provinces was short-lived, yet it significantly contributed to greater national self-confidence and awareness of freedoms, especially in the Slavic nations as exampled in the post-Yugoslavian independence of Croatia, and Slovenia. Modern relations After the collapse of Yugoslavia, Croatian-French relations reached an all-time high. France recognized Croatia on 15 January 1992 and established diplomatic relations with Zagreb in April 1992. As well as support from Great Britain, and the Nordic nations. French intellectualism was also a major force which supported Croatian statehood. This movement helped mould the opinions of the French people and political classes of the legitimacy and necessity of the Croatian state by listing the country in its dictionaries and its atlases. Since then, both nations have been strong political and military allies, both of whom share membership in several organisations including the European Union, United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the International Organisation of Francophone Nations. Furthermore, the French have full access to the Croatian labour market and vice-versa. The views of France and Croatia converge on the main European and international issues, including development and the European integration of the Western Balkans, in the framework of the Brdo-Brijuni Process and the Berlin-Vienna-Paris process. Bilateral Trade Relations Trade between France and Croatia amounted to €535 million in 2015 (+16.3% compared to 2014). France, which accounted for 2.3% of Croatia’s total trade in 2014, is the country’s tenth-largest trading partner. France had a trade balance surplus of €192 million in 2015, compared to €159 million in 2014. Croatia is the South Eastern European country with which France has the largest trade surplus. French exports to Croatia reached €364 million in 2015 (+17% compared to 2014) whereas they had been stagnating or falling for over a decade. France is Croatia’s 12th-largest supplier with 2.3% of the country’s imports (12th-largest supplier in 2013 with 2.1% of imports). Despite an increase in French imports from Croatia (+14.6% compared to 2014) which amount to €171.3 million, our balance still shows a large surplus (€192.7 million), making Croatia an exception in the region. Despite a diversified sectoral presence (agro- and agri-business, infrastructure, banking, distribution), France has not yet reached the “critical mass” but is getting there. France is the seventh-largest investor in Croatia, with €651 million of FDI stock through four major businesses (Société Générale, Bouygues, Alstom, Lactalis). The post France Vs Croatia (Final) | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
8 minutes | 3 years ago
England Vs Croatia | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs
Coming from a war-torn region to becoming a success story in the Balkans, Croatia in international relations, as well as football, is on the up and up.Learn how Margret Thatcher helped Croatia during the early stages of its statehood and what German industry has in common with both nations.Want to learn more. Tune in British-Croatia relations first began after Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia in June 1991. A bloody and deep battle for independence against Serb forces was in fact supported by the UK. The then British Prime Minister Margret Thatcher was a major proponent of an independent and prosperous Croatia during the then Croatian War of Independence in the late 80s early 90s. Support during the War Croatia’s battle for independence like many other independence struggles post Yugoslavia was one of monumental destruction and pain for those involved. A culmination of genocides in the region by Serb forces held remanence of the destruction and human rights abuses comparable to Nazi Germany. It was during this period that that the UK government under the leadership of Margret Thatcher threw its support behind Croatia. In an interview for HRT, a Croatian public broadcasting company, in 1991 she said:“At first people had been given to understand, wrongly, that it was just a question, serious as though that is, of civil war between two different groups. They needed to be informed that it was between Communist Serbia which has taken control both of the army and of the country, and Democratic Croatia and Slovenia, both of whom had exercised their right to become independent”.Read: Why did Yugoslavia experience armed conflict post communism? Post War Relations Relations post the war of independence have gone from strength to strength. With the support of the UK Croatia first joined NATO in 2009 then the European Union in 2013. Croatia has developed a very outward looking strategy in terms of European foreign alliance and has consistently worked toward imbedding itself and contributing to the European fabric.In terms of specific British – Croatian relations in context to the European Union it is important to note that when Croatia joined the EU in 2013, the UK and other member states were able to restrict the access that Croatian citizens had to their labour markets for a maximum of 7 years. The UK is one of a few EU countries (Austria, Slovenia and the Netherlands) which applies such measures. The restrictions have meant that, unless an exemption applied, Croatians needed permission from the Home Office to work in the UK. These restrictions on Croatian workers however have expired in June, thus giving more opportunities for Croats to work and prosper within the UK. However, since the BREXIT referendum statistics have shown that the estimated number of EU nationals immigrating to the UK fell from 284,000 the year before the vote to 220,000 in the latest figures. Meanwhile the number of EU citizens emigrating has increased from an estimated 95,000 in the year before the referendum to 130,000 now. Trade and development Trade relations between these two nations remain negligible. The UKs total trade exports in 2016 equated to a total of $374bn. The UKs top export destinations include the USA at 14% with an export value of $52bn, next is Germany when the UK exports 9.5% of its commodities equating to an export value of $33.5bn and in joint 3rd is France and the Netherlands at 6% or $22.5bn. In comparison Croatia captures only 0.063% of trade or $237m of UK trade exports.On the other hand, Croatia’s total exports in 2016 equated to $13.5bn. Its top three export destinations include; in joint first place Slovenia and Italy at 12% or $1.6bn worth of trade, like the UK Germany comes in second with 11% of the export pie equating to $1.55bn and in third place is Bosnia & Herzegovina at 7.4% or $1bn. The UK comes in 14th place capturing only 1.4% of trade which equates to $185m.Top Croatian exports to the UK include; (2016)· Packaged Medicaments – 12%- Trade Value: $21.6m· Steam Boilers – 11% – Trade Value: $20.1m· Insulated Wire – 5/1% – Trade Value: $9.47mTop British exports to Croatia include; (2016)· Telephones – 5%- Trade Value: $11.7m· Cars-4.4%- Trade Value: $10.4m· Computers – 2.2% – Trade Value: $5.26m The post England Vs Croatia | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
5 minutes | 3 years ago
France Vs Belgium |World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs
It was a tight one but France ultimately beat Belgium in the knockout stages of this yeas world cup, however, no love lost – as two of the founding members of what is not the EU, these two francophone nations share a long, and common history with one another. Want to learn more? Tune in Being geographical neighbours both France and Belgium have shared a long and cooperative relationship. The two nations officially began their diplomatic engagement when Belgium gained its independence from the Northern Netherlands what is today Holland on October 4th 1830, thus forming the Belgian National Congress who was tasked in drawing up a constitution. The nation settled on a constitutional monarchy. Although in favour of the proletariat of the time, the constitution of Belgium severely limited the voting rights to the French-speaking haute-bourgeoisie and the clergy. Interestingly, Belgium, when it was first founded, was a highly traditional nation with low educational attainment especial in the villages, however, the nation surprised many by being the second country, after Britain, in which the industrial revolution took place, and in doing so cementing its place in the industrial landscape of Europe. Modern day Relations between the two nations were strengthened as time passed with both nations being pivotal to the development and defence of Europe. Both nations are members of NATO, the international organisation of Francophone countries (Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie) as well as being founding members of the EU. Their cooperation and leadership, especially during the genesis of the European Project, was crucial in the formation of its structure and ideas. Smart Trade The trading relations between France and Belgium is perhaps a good case study that reflects a healthy and robust commodity trade balance. In other words, neither Belgium nor France are heavily reliant on one or a group of commodities in its trade balance with the other country. Moreover, neither are they reliant on the other for their export markets. Unlike a nation such as Brazil which is heavily reliant on 3 or 4 commodities exported to the Asian market including Animal products and natural resources. France is the 6th largest exporter in the world, with Belgium being Frances second largest export market, exporting 7.4% of its goods equalling an export value of $36.7bn in 2016, the first being Germany. Belgium’s trading relations are a lot more equal, its three largest trading partners all capture 13% of Belgium exports, they include Germany, the Netherlands and France with a trade value of roughly $41bn each. Frances exports to Belgium include (2016); · Cars – 9.7% – Trade Value: $3.56bn · Chemical Products – 8% – Trade Value: $6.24bn · Machines – 5% – Trade Value: $ 4.38bn Belgium’s exports to France include (2016); · Petroleum Gas – 13% – Trade Value: $5.49bn · Cars – 3.6% – Trade Value: $1.48bn · Human or Animal Blood – 2.6% – Trade Value: $1.07bn The post France Vs Belgium |World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
5 minutes | 3 years ago
Brazil VS Mexico | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs
A shared royal bloodline, the largest up and coming powerhouses’ in the world….but a growing distrust with one another…. What is going on between Brazil and Mexico? and what can we learn between their long and intertwined relationship? One thing is for sure however, the beautiful game is not the only thing these nations get passionate about. Interested in earning more? Tune in The Federative Republic of Brazil and the United Mexican States share a very close but recently a growing sense of distrust of one another. They are two of the most populous nations in Latin America and are also recognised as two of the largest emerging economies. Both share royal heritage during the 1800s, in Brazil emperor Pedro II who when only five years of age left him as emperor of Brazil when his father abruptly abdicated his throne and made way to Europe in 1831. In Mexico Emperor Maximilian I was the monarch; both emperors being cousins. History, Diplomacy and politics Although no longer Kingdoms they still dominate regional political and economic affairs. Both nations are members of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, G-20 major economies, Latin American Integration Association, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations. Moreover, it is interesting to note that despite their cooperation on the international stage, one poll shows the growing dislike for Brazilians by Mexicans. According to a BBC World Service Poll conducted in 2011, 65% of Mexicans view Brazil’s influence positively, with 17% viewing it negatively, in 2013 this poll was conducted again and found that 49% of Mexicans view Brazil’s influence positively, with 25% viewing it negatively. It would be unfair however to categorically label Mexican-Brazilian relations as troublesome off the back of this one poll, it does perhaps give us an insight into a data point that the respective governments should look into. Mexico recently elected a new President by the name of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrader who is a political veteran and who pledged to do away with the old way of politics in Mexico with a more positive and collaborative outlook towards foreign policy. Dwindling trade Although in the same regional neighbourhood trade between Mexico and Brazil is negligible. Mexico’s largest export market is the US who imports 74% of Mexican goods totalling a trade value of $290 billion in 2016, with Canada being a far second with a 5.8% share of Mexican exports valued at $23 billion, with Brazil coming in 6th with a less than 1% share of Mexican exports in 2016 (.91% to be exact) equating to an export value of $3.59 billion. Mexican Exports to Brazil include (2016); · Cars – 19% – Trade Value: $683 million · Vehicle Parts – 13% – Trade Value: $461 million · Polycarboxylic Acids – 5.6% – Trade Value: $200 million As for Brazil, their largest export markets include China who import 19% of Brazilian goods totalling a trade value of $36.6 billion, the USA with 12% ($23.4 billion), Argentina with 7.1% export share ($13.6 billion). Mexico comes in 7th with only 2.1% share of trade exports equating to $4.05 billion. Brazilian Exports to Mexico include (2016); · Transportation goods – 18% – Trade Value: $916 million · Mineral products like raw aluminium, pig iron and raw tin – 7% – Trade Value: $189 million · Iron Ore – 3.6%- Trade Value: $145 million The post Brazil VS Mexico | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
5 minutes | 3 years ago
Croatia VS Denmark | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs
Another round of penalty shoot-outs in the World Cup where we saw Croatia pull through with a win, getting them one step closer to the finals. Although a hard defeat for Denmark, we doubt there is any love lost as these countries share a close and supportive relationship off the pitch. Want to learn more about the diplomatic, trade and historical relations between these two nations? You’ve come to the right place. Tune in! Croatia and Denmark come from two very different historical and political traditions, the former is a Balkan nation who historically adopted communist ideals as part of a former political powerhouse that being Yugoslavia which in the early 90s divided into 7 different and independent member states which Croatia being one of them. They have come out of bloody and difficult time to the country they are today. Denmark, on the other hand, is a prosperous Scandinavian nation which is and continues to be a Kingdom. The Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. However, it may be surprising to realise that these two nations share what has been described as having “excellent & friendly relations”. Political BFF’s Although naturally being an EU country both nations share growing trade and business links (more on this later) the real friendship lies in their political alignment. Croatia, although it did and to some extent still faces ethnically induced troubles it has managed to pivot towards a more progressive and outward-looking stance on foreign relations with Denmark more than ready to receive a new diplomatic partner. Diplomatic ties were established on the 2nd of January 1992 and since that time both nations have signed 26 treaties with one another, including treaties on air services, social security, debt consolidation, avoidance of double taxation, and European integration. In fact, Denmark was one of Croatia’s major backers for EU membership in 2013 and NATO in 2009. Their diplomatic, political and historical ties remain ongoing and responsive. Growing Trade Although not heavily reliant, the trade and business between these two nations is growing. Denmark, as well as Croatia, have Germany as their largest trading partners with 22% and 16% of their trade distribution with Germany respectively. Denmark’s trade distribution with Croatia is less than one per cent with an import value of only $43.3million, and Croatia’s trade distribution with Denmark is .68% with an import value of $149million. Denmark exports to Croatia include; · packaged Medicaments – 16% -Trade Value: 423.9million · Human or Animal Blood – 8.5% – Trade Value: $12.6million · Other Engines – 4.4% – Trade Value: 6.57million Denmark imports from Croatia include; · Aluminium foil – 6.5% – Trade Value: $3.03million · Industrial Furnaces – 5.9% – Trade Value: $2.71million · Plastic lids – 4.3% – Trade Value: $1.97million The post Croatia VS Denmark | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
6 minutes | 3 years ago
Spain VS Russia | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs
Spanish – Russo relations go back nearly 500 years when in 1520 King Charles V of Spain and the Grand Duchy of Moscow first exchanged envoys, with on again off again relations since regular embassies were established in 1722. During the Soviet period, Russian strengthened diplomatic relations with the second Spanish Republic which was the democratic republic that existed from 1931 – 1939. In fact, the Soviet Union actively supported the Republicans through the course of the Civil War with military advisers, volunteers and weapons supplied in exchange for Bank of Spain gold reserves later known as Moscow gold.However, when the Republic fell in 1939, Russia cut ties with the new leader Dictator General Franco, some described the period between 1939 to 1975 when Franco’s reign ended as the worst period of Spanish-Russo relation. As retaliation for a speech Nikita Khrushchev gave at the United Nation General Assembly against Franco’s regime, Franco in turn banned the Spain vs. USSR game of the 1960 European Nations’ Cup scheduled earlier in the same year.Modern times similar distrustThere has been a latent distrust of the Russians by the Spanish in modern times, Spain accuses Russia of intentionally and actively seeking to disable the country via media campaigns to rally Catalonian identity. There has been a detailed analysis of pro-Russian media shows by Spanish authorities which has found that this output systematically portrays the Spanish government and justice system as guilty of violent repression.These tactics of subterfuge and hybrid warfare have been used not only in Spain but in wider Europe according to observers.“What Russia fundamentally seeks is to create division, to slowly undermine Europe’s democracy and institutions” says analysis Bret Schaffer from the Alliance for Securing Democracy.Spain has retaliated to these actions by extraditing to the United States Pyotr Levashov, a Russian citizen who is accused by U.S. authorities of initiating major cybercrime campaigns, including the use of, scam e-mail distributions, fraudulent stock promotions, and ransomware earlier this year.EU Trade & Energy BusinessDespite socio-political tensions the EU and Russia still remain important trading partners. Since 1997 the EU’s political and economic relations with Russia have been based on a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA). The Agreement aims to promote trade and investment and develop harmonious economic relations between the EU and Russia.Since Russia joined the World Trade Organisation in 2012, EU-Russia trade relations have also been framed by WTO rules. As it currently stands, Russia is the EU’s fourth largest trading partner and the EU is Russia’s biggest trading partner. Moreover, EU-Russia trade has continuously decreased since 2012, dropping by 44% between 2012 and 2016 from €339 billion in 2012 to €191 billion in 2016. This in part has been due to stringent sanctions against Russia.Main EU exports to Russia include; machinery, transport equipment, chemicals, medicines, and manufactured products.Main EU imports from Russia include; raw materials, especially – oil (crude and refined), and gasEconomic integration between the two nations haven’t been that deep. In terms of specific trade and business development agreements between Spain and Russia one would point to their renewable energy agreement signed nine years ago. The then Prime Minister of Spain José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero announced an agreement with Russia for more cooperation between both countries in projects of renewable energy, investigation, exploitation and the transport of combustible fuels. The post Spain VS Russia | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
6 minutes | 3 years ago
Uruguay VS Portugal | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs
World Cup | The Portuguese first arrived in Uruguay during the time of the Spanish colonial period from the late 15th century to the early 19th century. For some years, the present territory of Uruguay was part of the Portuguese Empire under the denomination of Cisplatine Province. They came as members of the military, conquistadors, clergy, and as sailors. After this period there were a couple of more waves of Portuguese immigration with the latest one during the 1930s to 1965.Currently the populations of these counties are Portugal with 10.3 million inhabitants and Uruguay at 3.5 million people according to latest figures.In modern times both counties are members of the United Nations and of the Organisation of Ibero-American States. Its purpose is to promote intergovernmental cooperation among its member nations which will aid the planning and development of regional projects in education, science, technology and the arts. Furthermore, both nations until 2012 were members of the Latin Union but due to financial problems, the organisation was shut down. Its aim was to protect, project, and promote the common cultural heritage of Latin peoples and unifying identities of the Latin, and Latin-influenced world.Trade and EconomicsPortugal is becoming a significant trading partner for Uruguay. So much so that in 2009 a Double Taxation agreement was signed. This agreement, which closely follows the OECD model Convention, is an important tool to be considered both by individuals and companies moving forward with their international tax planning strategies. Moreover, it is also important to note how trade relations between Uruguay and the EU are developing as Portugal being a member of the EU conducts trade operations through this institution with the rest of the world.The relations between the EU and Uruguay are governed by the Framework Co-operation Agreement concluded in 1992.Since then the bilateral relations have intensified, including in economic terms (the EU is the biggest source of investment in Uruguay). The follow-up of this agreement entails regular meetings of the EU-Uruguay Joint Commission, including on trade matters. This Commission meets normally every 2 years, most recently in March 2017.The EU and Uruguay in depthAs it stands, the EU is currently Uruguay’s third trading partner after China and Brazil capturing 15% of its total trade. EU-Uruguay total bilateral trade amounted to €3.06 billion in 2017.EU exports to Uruguay are dominated by manufactured products such as chemicals (30%), machinery and mechanical appliances (21%), foodstuffs, beverages and tobacco (8%), transport equipment (6%), plastics (3%), optical and photography instruments (3%) and textiles (2%)EU imports from Uruguay are dominated by crude materials and agricultural products: pulp of wood, paper and paperboard (43%), animal products (25%), vegetable products (8%), raw hides and skins (5%), wood (5%), textiles (4%), and foodstuffs, beverages and tobacco (3%)Health and cannabis?According to the latest figures, Uruguay dedicates 8.6% of their GDP on healthcare services, with Portugal’s figures standing at 9.5%. Interestingly enough Uruguay until recently was the only country to have legalised recreational cannabis in December 2013. Canada followed suit earlier this year. Portugal’s stance on Cannabis is not as progressive, however, they have taken important steps in the justice system in regards to the plant. In 2001, Portugal famously overhauled its drugs policy to allow for a system based on treatment rather than punitive penalties – making possession of personal quantities of all drugs, including cannabis, a non-criminal offence. Since then, Portuguese society has experienced major benefits, including a drop in “hard” drug use. The post Uruguay VS Portugal | World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
6 minutes | 3 years ago
Argentina VS France -World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs (WCWAPOs)
World Cup | As the first matchup in the final 16 gets underway – Pangaea Wire sizes up Argentina & France in our first edition of the new World Cup World Affairs play Offs. Learn more about the business, political, trade and cultural relations between the two sides…..and more The post Argentina VS France -World Cup World Affairs Play-Offs (WCWAPOs) appeared first on PANGAEA WIRE GROUP.
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