133 minutes | Jan 9, 2022
41 - Areopagitica by John Milton (1644)
Grace (@GraceJackson) and Alex (@Alecks_Guns) join Matt once again to discuss John Milton as a polemicist over John Milton as a poet. Milton's family background. Charles Deodati. Anti-Popery; the Gunpowder Plot, The Fatal Vespers. Virginity. The Trip to Italy. The English civil war and censorship/openness. Epic Poet tradition. Divorce Tracts. Areopagitica. The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates (ie Yes, We Should Actually Execute the King). Eikonoklastes (ie No, God Is Not Mad We Killed the King). The Ready and Easy Way to Establish a New Commonwealth (ie I Can't Believe We Are Going To Do Monarchy Again). References: Full Text of Areopagitica. OpenYale Milton Lectures Areopagitica episode. Bernstein, Eduard. 2000. Cromwell and Communism: Socialism and Democracy in the Great English revolution. Nottingham: Spokesman. Hill, Christopher. 1978. Milton and the English Revolution. New York: Viking Press. Milton, John, and David Loewenstein. 2013. John Milton Prose: Major Writings on Liberty, Politics, Religion, and Education. Chichester, West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons. McDowell, Nicholas. 2020. Poet of Revolution: The Making of John Milton. Princeton University Press.
163 minutes | Nov 8, 2021
40 - The Adventures of Col. Daniel Boon by John Filson (1784)
Alex, Grace, and Matt discuss The Adventures of Col. Daniel Boon by John Filson, the seminal text in the creation of the Daniel Boone myth of the American hunter. Who underwrote Boone's expeditions? This bas relief of Boone and why the US state would memorialize him as an "indian killer." Also this is Lord Dunmore. Intro song: Daniel Boone by Pixies Morgan, Robert. 2008. Boone: a biography Faragher, John Mack. 1992. Daniel Boone: the life and legend of an American pioneer. Slotkin, Richard. 2006. Regeneration through violence: the mythology of the American frontier, 1600-1860. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
50 minutes | Oct 23, 2021
39 - The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover (1712)
Matt goes solo to finish off the first Byrd diary with the year 1712. Also, Michael Shermer's disgusting views on Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemmings. Buzzfeed article on Michael Shermer (see Jefferson comments here) Brown, Kathleen M. 2012. Good Wives, Nasty Wenches, and Anxious Patriarchs: Gender, Race, and Power in Colonial Virginia. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press Hill, Christopher. 2021. The World Turned Upside Down: Radical Ideas During the English Revolution. Penguin Books. Pettigrew, William A. 2016. Freedom's debt: the Royal African Company and the politics of the Atlantic slave trade, 1672-1752.
99 minutes | Aug 7, 2021
38 - The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover (1711) - Tuscarora War/Rebellion, Colonel Parke's Estate
Get episodes a couple weeks early @ patreon.com/literaryhangover Hey everyone! Before we get to Boone, Matt is going to finish William Byrd II's first diary, this time the year 1711. The Tuscarora War, to be viewed as both an indian war *and* a slave rebellion, looms large as does the assassination of Byrd's father-in-law/Governor in Antigua, Colonel Daniel Parke. Sources NC BOOKWATCH: David LaVere: The Tuscarora War https://www.pbs.org/video/david-lavere-the-tuscarora-war-oifrkt/ The Michael Eure Show - Tri-Racial Identity of Tuscarora & Other Native Americans (12/17/20) https://youtu.be/fTge5-us_BU The Michael Eure Show - Tri-Racial Identity of Tuscarora & Other Native Americans - Part 2 (1/14/21) https://youtu.be/_0KOxlu-6Xk Linebaugh, Peter. 2003. The London hanged: crime and civil society in the eighteenth century. London: Verso. Apologies for the crispy audio, tried my best to cancel out vacuum noise from the neighbors.
117 minutes | Mar 27, 2021
37 - The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover (1710)
Alex, Grace, and Matt return with year 1710 in the diary of tobacco plantation master William Byrd II, a year marked by spooky mystical dreams, increasing attempts at escape from slaves, and Whig vs Tory political battle. Sources The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover, 1709-1712, ed. Louis B. Wright and Marion Tinling (Richmond: The Dietz Press, 1941) Linebaugh, Peter. 2006. The London hanged: crime and civil society in the eighteenth century. London: Verso.
101 minutes | Jan 25, 2021
36 - The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover (1709)
Hello all! In this episode, we begin with Matt telling Grace and Alex about two books, Colonel Parke of Virginia: "The Greatest Hector in the Town" by Helen Hill Miller on Byrd's incredible father-in-law, Daniel Parke, and Perry of London: A Family and a Firm on the Seaborne Frontier, 1615–1753 on the Perry tobacco merchant family. Then, a discussion on the January 6 Capitol riots in the context of Bacon's Rebellion. Then we discuss the first year of William Byrd's Secret Diary, from 1709, with special attention to his behavior toward his slaves, servants, and other subordinates. Sources The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover, 1709-1712, ed. Louis B. Wright and Marion Tinling (Richmond: The Dietz Press, 1941 Price, Jacob M. Perry of London: a Family and a Firm on the Seaborne Frontier, 1615-1753. Harvard University Press, 1992. Miller, Helen Hill. 1989. Colonel Parke of Virginia: the greatest hector in the town : a biography. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill. Rice, James D. 2012. Tales from a revolution: Bacon's Rebellion and the transformation of early America. New York City: Oxford University Press. Washburn, Wilcomb E. 1957. The Governor and the rebel: a history of Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia. Chapel Hill: Published for the Institute of Early American History and Culture at Williamsburg by the University of North Carolina Press.
62 minutes | Dec 31, 2020
Welcome to Season 2! William Byrd II Introduction, Historical Fiction, and Future Subjects
Hey everyone, Alex, Grace, and Matt have a catch up chat to kick off the new season. We discuss William Byrd II's secret diaries and example as a Virginia colonial gentleman, historical fiction, and preview what titles we'll be covering this year.
148 minutes | Jul 4, 2020
*UNLOCKED* Orwell|er - 5 - 'England Your England' - The Lion & The Unicorn Part 1 (1941)
Originally released for patrons March 14. Part two will be unlocked soon and part three is available now for members at patreon.com/literaryhangover Hey patrons! Social distancing has upended our scheduled plans for Aphra Behn's "Widow Ranter" with Grace, so Alex and I decided to return to Orwell|er with the first installment of Orwell's "The Lion and The Unicorn," titled "England Your England." This is an essay written at the height of the WWII blitz bombing of Britain by Orwell from London. The first line, "As I write, highly civilized human beings are flying overhead, trying to kill me," begins an immediately controversial argument in response to nationalism prevailing across the world and attempts to reframe patriotism as compatible, and in fact a component of, a socialist revolution. This episode is particulalry relevent in our capitalism-discrediting pandemic. Is there really such a thing as "national character." Is bourgouis democracy the same as totalitarianism? The difficulty of working class international consciousness. The increasingly evident and decadent stupidity of the ruling class. Are they dumb or traitors? American billionaires as ruthless. The place of the intelligentsia in the empire. Orwell predicts the rise, but not fall, of suburbia. Sources: Main source: Alex Hyde-White's narration of "Essays" by Orwell, 2019 via Audible. Bounds, Philip. 2009. Orwell and Marxism: the political and cultural thinking of George Orwell. London: I.B. Tauris. Claeys, Gregory. 1985; "The Lion and the Unicorn", Patriotism, and Orwell's Politics. The Review of Politics, Vol. 47, No. 2 (Apr., 1985), pp. 186-211
68 minutes | Apr 26, 2020
35 - 'A Journal of the Plague Year' by Daniel Defoe (1722)
This is the free Literary Hangover feed. To support the show and access the premium episodes on George Orwell (Orwell|er), become a Patron at Patreon.com/LiteraryHangover Also subscribe to twitch.tv/literaryhangover for the study hall sessions! Hi everybody, Alex, Grace and I are back with an episode that will not really help you get your mind off of coronavirus! Today, Daniel Defoe's 'A Journal of the Plague Year,' a fictionalized journal set in the 1665 plague in London. Foucault's Political (order) and Literary (anarchy) "dreams" of the Plague. The surveillance state and public health. Fuedalism wasn't any better for workers than capitalism. The Defoe theme of the bourgeois barricading and provisioning himself in a dangerous environment. Daniel Defoe, Data Journalist. Killing watchmen. The economic pause of the plague. Rural/urban divides and cooperation. Sources: Wagner, Martin. "Defoe, Foucault, and the Politics of the Plague." SEL Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 57, no. 3 (2017): 501-519. Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984. Discipline And Punish : the Birth of the Prison. Librivox narration.
98 minutes | Apr 4, 2020
34 - 'The Widow Ranter, or, the History of Bacon in Virginia' by Aphra Behn (1689)
Best wishes to everyone dealing with pandemic bs. Full play text here: https://www.gutenberg.org/files/27273/27273-h/widow.html Grace, Alex, and Matt are back with another Aphra Behn work, this time her posthumously performed 1689 play "The Widow Ranter, or, the History of Bacon in Virginia." We discuss her role as a tory propagandist and as a spy rewriting recent history to glorify the heroic individual. The righteous Levellers and "delegating" the power of the people. Behn makes Bacon an Indian lover and not hater. Semernia and Cockacoeske. Bacon not a populist. The drunk colonial judiciary. Defending inheritances you recognize as unjust. The Widow Ranter as a feminist libertine ideal. Behn's lasting fidelity to hierarchy. Sources: Linebaugh, Peter, and Marcus Rediker. 2000. The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic. Boston: Beacon Press. Brown, Kathleen M. 1996. Good Wives, Nasty Wenches, and Anxious Patriarchs: Gender, Race, and Power in Colonial Virginia. MOWRY, MELISSA. ""PAST REMEMBRANCE OR HISTORY": APHRA BEHN'S "THE WIDDOW RANTER", OR, HOW THE COLLECTIVE LOST ITS HONOR." ELH 79, no. 3 (2012): 597-621. Accessed April 4, 2020. jstor.org/stable/23256768. Pulsipher, Jenny Hale. "The Widow Ranter and Royalist Culture in Colonial Virginia." Early American Literature 39, no. 1 (2004): 41-66. doi:10.1353/eal.2004.0016. Rice, James D. 2013. Tales from a revolution: Bacon's Rebellion and the transformation of Early America. Washburn, Wilcomb E. 1957. The Governor and the rebel, a history of Bacon's rebellion in Virginia. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
147 minutes | Feb 10, 2020
33 - 'The History of Colonel Nathaniel Bacon's Rebellion' by Ebenezer Cook (1728)
This is the free Literary Hangover feed. To support the show and access the premium episodes on George Orwell (Orwell|er), become a Patron at Patreon.com/LiteraryHangover Alex and I return with another poem from the poet laureat of colonial Maryland, Ebenezer Cook, this time his narrative of Bacon's Rebellion(pdf). How memory-holed is Bacon's Rebellion? The false promise of promotional literature and the headright system. Economic anxiety and indian hating. Trade disputes, theft, jurisdiction, and the start of the rebellion. Bacon seeing no difference between friend and enemy indians. The spectre of Cromwell. George Washington's great grandfather: war criminal. Nathaniel Bacon, failson, scammer, world-traveler. Defense spending boondoggles and paying your taxes in tobacco. Selling guns to indians. Bacon's alliance/battle with Posseclay and the Occaneechees. Who's side is Cook on? Bacon uses loyalist women as a human shield, is more "Blue Lives Matter" than DSA. Bacon's bloody flux and his surviving rebellion. The merchant, Captain Grantham's, dirty trick. @Alecks_Guns, @MattLech @LitHangover References: Rice, James D. 2012. Tales from a revolution: Bacon's Rebellion and the transformation of early America. New York City: Oxford University Press. Schmidt, Ethan A. 2016. The divided dominion: social conflict and Indian hatred in early Virginia. Washburn, Wilcomb E. 1972. The Governor and the rebel; a history of Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia. New York: Norton.
33 minutes | Jan 30, 2020
Reading 'The Sot-Weed Factor' by Ebenezer Cook (1708)
This is the free Literary Hangover feed. To support the show and access the premium episodes on George Orwell (Orwell|er), become a Patron at Patreon.com/LiteraryHangover Here's my reading of the satirical poem, The Sot-weed Factor: or, A Voyage to Maryland, by Ebenezer Cook (1708), as discussed in episode 32. Thanks for your support.
93 minutes | Jan 11, 2020
32 - 'The Sot-Weed Factor: Or, A Voyage To Maryland' by Ebenezer Cook (1708)
This is the free Literary Hangover feed. To support the show and access the premium episodes on George Orwell (Orwell|er), become a Patron at Patreon.com/LiteraryHangover Alex and I discuss Ebenezer Cook's 1708 poem "The Sot-Weed Factor." The scant documentation we have for Cook's life. Cooks use of hudibrastic tetrameter and couplets. Who were the Chesapeake tobacco proletariat? The cheap linen clothing of American workers. Nationalism and Benedict Anderson's "Imagined Communities." The Cain myth and racial othering. Queen Elizabeth I's racism and how England created a labor force for the colonies. America as a giant labor camp. Humanity's timeless love for dick jokes. The Annapolis legal swamp. "Going native." The imperial motivation for determining how Indians came to America. Card-playing witches. Hangover remedies. Getting scammed by a Quaker. @Alecks_Guns, @MattLech @LitHangover References: Full poem here: http://theotherpages.org/poems/cook02.html Gregory A. Carey, "The Poem as Con Game: Dual Satire and the Three Levels of Narrative in Ebenezer Cooke's "The Sot-Weed Factor"," The Southern Literary Journal 23, no. 1 (1990), http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-89390389/the-poem-as-con-game-dual-satire-and-the-three-levels. Ford, Sarah Gilbreath. "Humor's Role in Imagining America: Ebenezer Cook's The Sot-Weed Factor." The Southern Literary Journal 35, no. 2 (2003): 1-12. 'The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic' by Peter Linebaugh & Marcus Rediker (2000) Full book here: ( https://libcom.org/library/many-headed-hydra-peter-linebaugh-marcus-rediker/ ) Dictionary of Literary Biography, Gale Research The censored line was ommitted in the collection "Shea's Early Southern Tracts, Vol 2" used by Project Gutenberg. On which he sat, and straight begun To load with Weed his Indian Gun; In length, scarce longer than one's Finger, Or that for which the Ladies linger: His Pipe smoak'd out with aweful Grace, With aspect grave and solemn pace;
126 minutes | Dec 21, 2019
31 - 'The Pilgrim's Progress' by John Bunyan (1678)
This is the free Literary Hangover feed. To support the show and access the premium episodes on George Orwell (Orwell|er), become a Patron at Patreon.com/LiteraryHangover Alex and Matt return this week to discuss John Bunyan's 1678 work of allegorical fiction, 'The Pilgrim's Progress.' The significance of Pilgrim's Progress in anglo mythology. Bunyan's proletarian background. Why does Pilgrim's Progress remind us to hate our family, John Bunyan vs. against and civility. Bunyan choosing prison over selling out for the sake of being with his family. Coolio and walking in the Shadow of the Valley of Death. More anti-Catholicism. Wanton women Vanity Fair and Bunyan's ability to write in prison. Bunyan's traumatic relationship with documentation. @Alecks_Guns, @MattLech @LitHangover References: Excellent narration of the full text from Aneko Press: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMtmnv84GxY&t=20433s Pilgrim's Progress, by John Bunyan. ''IntelliQuest World's 100 Greatest Books'' 1995 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ZIgLVa9WkA Seidel, Kevin. "Pilgrim's Progress and the Book." ELH 77, no. 2 (2010): 509-534. Greaves, Richard L. ""Let Truth Be Free": John Bunyan and the Restoration Crisis of 1667-1673." Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies 28, no. 4 (1996): 587-605.
162 minutes | Nov 30, 2019
30 - 'The Crucible' by Arthur Miller (1953)
Today, Alex, Grace, and Matt talk about Arthur Miller's 1953 play 'The Crucible' and its Salem Witch Trial and McCarthyite contexts. Miller in 1992 on why the market is failing theater and why the state needs to sponsor it. Arthur Miller, fellow-travelling and the House Un-American Activities Committee. Early witch culture that likely influenced the girls' performances/delusions. Samuel Parris fails at life, squanders fathers' plantation fortune. Tituba was more indigenous than black, and didn't introduce witchcraft to the community. The Putnam family and the rural/urban, agricultural/commercial divide. Abigail and Marilyn Monroe. How his relationship with Marilyn Monroe made Miller a target for HUAC. Hale and the limits of ideology. Proctor and the propaganda value of a name. @Alecks_Guns, @GraceJackson, @MattLech @LitHangover Act One of The Crucible here: https://youtu.be/Dtr9RGeHnPM References: An Unofficial Cultural Ambassador - Arthur Miller and the Cultural Cold War. Abrams, N. D., Romijn, P. (ed.), Scott-Smith, G. (ed.) & Segal, J. (ed.), 1 Jan 2012, Divided Dreamworlds? : The Cultural Cold War in East and West. 2012 ed. Amsterdam University Press, p. 13-32 American Masters: None Without Sin documentary (2003) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1cf9r94ZIyg Baker, Emerson W. 2016. Storm of Witchcraft: The Salem Trials and the American Experience. New York: Oxford Univ Press. Boyer, Paul S., and Stephen Nissenbaum. 1974. Salem Possessed: The Social Origins of Witchcraft. Hill, Frances. 2002. A Delusion of Satan: The Full Story of the Salem Witch Trials. Cambrigde, MA.: Da Capo Press. Arthur Miller with Charlie Rose in 1992 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=coWRDfpqa6A
114 minutes | Nov 16, 2019
29 - 'Oroonoko: or, the Royal Slave' by Aphra Behn (1688)
This is the free Literary Hangover feed. To support the show and access the premium episodes on George Orwell (Orwell|er), become a Patron at Patreon.com/LiteraryHangover Grace joins Alex and Matt once again to discuss Oroonoko: or, the Royal Slave, published in 1688. The eponymous hero is an African prince from Coramantien who is tricked into slavery and sold to British colonists in Surinam where he meets the narrator. Behn's text is a first-person account of his life, love, rebellion, and execution. Written by Aphra Behn, who was - in addition to being a spy, feminist, monarchist, and original tory - the first professional female writer. @Alecks_Guns, @GraceJackson, @MattLech @LitHangover References: BBC's In Our Time podcast on Aphra Behn: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cnVkzdCOu7Q&t=1822s Oroonoko and the Rise of the Novel by William Smith on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htVteRU9450 Todd, Janet. 1998. The Critical Fortunes of Aphra Behn. Columbia, SC: Camden House. Oroonoko, or The Royal Slave on Librivox: https://librivox.org/oroonoko-or-the-royal-slave-by-aphra-behn/
134 minutes | Oct 26, 2019
28 - The Salem Witch Trials
Alex and Matt return, this time to discuss the social, political and material origins of the Salem Witch Trials. Indian and imperial war trauma in the late 1600s. The Glorious Revolution and the coup of Andros by puritan leaders in Massachusetts. The economic divide between mercantile Salem Town and the agricultural offshoot that was ground zero for the outbreak, Salem Village. Increase and Cotton Mather's responsibility in spreading belief in witches. The difference between witch hunts and awakenings being in the interpretation of adults. Gender and witch accusations. George Burrough's perfect recitation of the Lord's prayer. Sleep paralysis, conversion disorder, and fraud as all explanations for the witch accusations. Cotton Mather's damage control for the Puritan theocracy, The Wonders of the Invisible World. European witch history. @Alecks_Guns, @MattLech @LitHangover References: Baker, Emerson W. 2016. Storm of Witchcraft: The Salem Trials and the American Experience. New York: Oxford Univ Press. Boyer, Paul S., and Stephen Nissenbaum. 1974. Salem Possessed: The Social Origins of Witchcraft. Hill, Frances. 2002. A Delusion of Satan: The Full Story of the Salem Witch Trials. Cambrigde, MA.: Da Capo Press. Glorious Revolution by Jabzy on Youtube (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g77WJU3aQEA))
91 minutes | Sep 28, 2019
27 - 'Hobomok: A Tale of Early Times' by Lydia Maria Child (1824)
This is the free Literary Hangover feed. To support the show and access the premium episodes on George Orwell (Orwell|er), become a Patron at Patreon.com/LiteraryHangover Hey LitHangers! Matt's solo this week with an introduction to the first novel by one of the 19th century's "social justice warriors" named Lydia Maria Child. Hobomok can be seen as a precursor to Hope Leslie (1827), and is an interesting book in its own right that takes 'other' natives, deviant colonial men, and colonial women from the periphery to the center of the narrative. References: Dr. Cornel West on the Joe Rogan Experience (relevent portion at 1h02m) Child, Lydia Maria; Carolyn L. Karcher. 2011. Hobomok and Other Writings on Indians. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. Karcher, Carolyn L. 2012. The First Woman in the Republic A Cultural Biography of Lydia Maria Child. Durham: Duke University Press. The American History Podcast. Plymouth 7: The Lyford Affair. Posted on April 10, 2018
106 minutes | Sep 7, 2019
26 - 'The Pioneers' by James Fenimore Cooper (1823) - Part 2
This is the free Literary Hangover feed. To support the show and access the premium episodes on George Orwell (Orwell|er), become a Patron at Patreon.com/LiteraryHangover Alex and Matt return to finish James Fenimore Cooper's "The Pioneers." The relationship between colonization and racism. Submerged nobility in Cooper's fiction. How American colonization really took off after 1776. Turkey shoots and how Natty calling Cooper's first non-slave black character the N-word illustrates the work of Frantz Fanon. Passenger pigeons as the east coast's bison and how cops like to useold military equipment. Natty's principled opposition to surplus. Marmaduke Temple's elite conservationism. Places not described in books. Economic espionage by the new sheriff. Kirby as the urban, proletarian Natty. Why jailbreaks were indeed common in the real life Cooperstown. Marmaduke Temple's double-dipping on behalf of the Effinghams. @Alecks_Guns, @MattLech @LitHangover Sources: Librivox's recording of The Pioneers Buchholz, Douglas. Landownership and Representation of Social Conflict in The Pioneers. Presented at the 7th Cooper Seminar, James Fenimore Cooper: His Country and His Art at the State University of New York College at Oneonta, July, 1989 de Fee, Nicole. The Postcolonial Paradox of a Re-imagined History in Cooper's The Pioneers. Presented at the Cooper Panel No. 1 (General Topics) of the 2008 Conference of the American Literature Association in San Francisco Slotkin, Richard. 1973. Regeneration Through Violence: The Mythology of the American Frontier, 1600-1860. Middletown, Conn: Wesleyan University Press. Taylor, Alan. The Great Change Begins: Settling the Forest of Central New York. Published in New York History, Vol. LXXV, No. 3 (July 1995), pp. 265-290.
138 minutes | Jul 27, 2019
25 - 'The Pioneers' by James Fenimore Cooper (1823) - Part 1
This is the free Literary Hangover feed. To support the show and access the premium episodes on George Orwell (Orwell|er), become a Patron at Patreon.com/LiteraryHangover Alex and I discuss the underrated first novel of James Fenimore Cooper's 'Leatherstocking Tales,' ***The Pioneers, or The Sources of the Susquehanna; a Descriptive Tale. ***We discuss James' father 'self- made' landlord father, William, who settled central New York after obtaining massive amounts of land following the flux of the American Revolution. William and James, slaveowners. Coopers lamentable race science fixation and commendable proto-Marxist materialism. Judge Temple as the first Dick Cheney. The American frontier myth. Maple trees as short-term and long-term commodities. No settlements without commodification. Environmentalism as a test of gentility. Maple sugar: the market solution to carribbean sugar slavery. @Alecks_Guns, @MattLech @LitHangover Sources: Barbara Mann and Alan Taylor, April 23, 2001. Writings of James Fenimore Cooper on C-Span ( https://www.c-span.org/video/?163765-1/writings-james-fenimore-cooper ) Taylor, Alan. 1995. William Cooper's Town: Power and Persuasion on the Frontier of the Early American Republic. New York: A.A. Knopf. The Pioneers read by Gary W. Sherwin ( https://librivox.org/the-pioneers-by-james-fenimore-cooper/ )