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112 minutes | 3 months ago
It's Innate Ep. 9: Nothin' but some long-hair, baldheaded faces (with Charisse Pickron)
This was a fun episode to record with our latest guest, Dr. Charisse Pickron. In the first segment, we talk about politics and, specically, about what a Joe Biden presidency means and what another Donald Trump presidency would mean. Spoiler:We all agree that a second Trump term would be absolutely catastrophic. In the second segment, we talk with Charisse about her work on infant individuation of male and female faces as well as speculate on the processes and mechanisms that support such individuation. Links Pickron, C. B., & Cheries, E. W. (2019). Infants’ Individuation of Faces by Gender. Brain sciences, 9(7), 163. Link to paperSpecial Guest: Charisse Pickron.
105 minutes | 4 months ago
It's Innate Ep. 8: Don't judge a wagden by its category label (with Lisa Scott)
In this episode, Candy and Deon talk with Lisa Scott about her work on the role of labels on category learning in young infants, in addition to what the mechanism is that enables labels to exert their influence on category acquisition. Plus, we open the episode by discussing student feedback. Do we disregard all feedback? Do we consider some and ignore others? Do we use feedback to improve future courses? We conclude by asking Lisa about her views on innateness as well as whether her research is relevant to the debate between nativists and empiricists. Links Pickron, C. B., Iyer, A., Fava, E., & Scott, L. S. (2018). Learning to individuate: The specificity of labels differentially impacts infant visual attention. Child development, 89(3), 698-710. Link to paperSpecial Guest: Lisa Scott.
116 minutes | 5 months ago
It's Innate Ep. 7: Is poking the cat causal? (with Jonathan Kominsky)
Candy, Deon, and Jonathan open this episode by talking about #kindscience. For example, should scientist even worry about being kind? What does #kindscience even look like? And is it even possible to be kind to other scientists if your theoretical perspective is at odds with their own? In the second half of the episode, Jonathan talks about his work in Psychological Science on an understudied, but important, aspect of infant causal perception—namely, their sensitivity to certain physical constraints on causal events. Candy, Deon, and Jonathan then go back and forth about whether infants' sensitivity to these constraints is innate and what the mechanism may be that support such sensitivity. Links Kominsky, J. F., Strickland, B., Wertz, A. E., Elsner, C., Wynn, K., & Keil, F. C. (2017). Categories and constraints in causal perception. Psychological Science, 28(11), 1649-1662. Link to paperSpecial Guest: Jonathan Kominsky.
88 minutes | 5 months ago
It's Innate Ep. 6: Do children theorize about academic performance? (with Melis Muradoğlu)
Candy, Deon, and Melis begin this episode by discussing how they've gone about conducting research with children during the pandemic. Then, in the second half of the episode, Melis talks about her work in Child Development that examined children's developing understanding of academic performance. Specifically, she argues that children consider a person's effort and intrinsic skill when evaluating and interpreting their performance, which is at odds with a classic view that maintained that children only considere effort when evaluating performance. Links Muradoglu, M., & Cimpian, A. (2020). Children’s Intuitive Theories of Academic Performance. Child development, 91(4), e902-e918. Link to paperSpecial Guest: Melis Muradoğlu.
90 minutes | 6 months ago
It's Innate Ep. 5: A positive take on the "positivity bias" (with Janet Boseovski)
Candy and Deon open the episode by introducing the guest for this episode, Dr. Janet Boseovski, and then discuss life as first-generation academics. Spoiler. It's difficult, but there may be advantages! In the second half of the episode, Candy and Deon discuss Janet's work on the "positivty bias" in children, including the mechanism (or mechanisms) that may yield such a bias. In particular, Candy, Janet, and Deon discuss what is meant by "positivity bias" as well as why and how it emerges. Links Boseovski, J. J. (2010). Evidence for “rose‐colored glasses”: An examination of the positivity bias in young children’s personality judgments. Child Development Perspectives, 4(3), 212-218. Link to paper The music used during intermission was created by David Pizarro of the Very Bad Wizards podcast. The particular sample used is called "Murgatroyd."Special Guest: Janet Boseovski.
102 minutes | 6 months ago
It's Innate Ep. 4: What's morals got to do with it?
Candy and Deon begin the episode by discussing their respective plans for teaching this fall. Specifically, they discuss whether they'll be teaching fully in person, fully remotely, or some combination of both. Note that since recording this episode, Deon has decided that he'll teach fully remotely—in the episode he was leaning toward a hyflex approach. In second segment, Candy and Deon discuss Kiley Hamlin's classic study on infants' developing sociomoral evaluations as well as a recent replication attempt of the original study by Schlingloff, Csibra, and Tatone (2007). Candy and Deon also discuss whether the data reported in either the original study or replication attempt support the claim that infants possess a "innate moral core" (Hamlin, 2013). And in an episode first Candace and Deon actually disagree about something! Does this spell the end for this nascent podcast? Links Hamlin, J. K., Wynn, K., & Bloom, P. (2007). Social evaluation by preverbal infants. Nature, 450(7169), 557-559. Link to paper Schlingloff, Csibra, & Tatone, D. (2020). Do 15-month-old infants prefer helpers? A replication of Hamlin et al. (2007). Royal Society Open Science, 7(4), 1-7. Link to paper
92 minutes | 7 months ago
It's Innate Ep. 3: An Innate Fear of the Term Innate? (with David Rakison)
In this episode, we talk with the esteemed Dr. David Rakison about his research on categorization in older infants and young children. We then ask David to give us his hot take on the term innate and what evidence he'd need to convince him that something is, in fact, innate. We also discuss what the term mechanism really means as well as how to identify one when you see it. We also spend some time talking about how David teaches students to think about mechanism as well as the larger debate between nativists and empiricists. We conclude this episode by having David talk about his upbringing, what got him into psychology in the first place, and what he'd be doing if he weren't a developmental psychologist. There's even a brief discussion on the psychology of murder! PS. Deon woud like to apologize for the quality of his audio. He hopes to have this issue fixed by the next episode.Special Guest: David Rakison.
88 minutes | 7 months ago
It's Innate Ep. 2: When 1+1 equals more, not 2
Candy and Deon begin this episode by discussing a recent email exchange between Jonathan Kominsky and Martin Packer about whether studies that use puppets are really testing young children's theory of mind rather than, for example, their "theory of puppets." Spoiler: Candy is less optimistic that they are; Deon is much more optimistic that, at the very least, they are approaching the question in the right way . Candy and Deon then discuss a seminal paper by Wynn (1992) that examined 5-month-olds' capacity to add and subtract small numbers. Specifically, they discuss whether the claim "that infants are able to compute the precise results of simple additions and subtractions" (Wynn, 1992, p. 749) is supported by the data. Candy and Deon discuss why they think that the claim is not supported by the data and then go on to discuss some mixed evidence for this claim from follow-up replication attempts. Links Cohen, L.B., & Marks, K.S. (2002). How infants process addition and subtraction events. Developmental Science, 5(2), 186-201. Link to paper Simon, T.J., Hespos, S.J., & Rochat, P. (1995). Do Infants Understand Simple Arithmetic? A Replication of Wynn (1992). Cognitive Development, 10, 253-269. Link to paper Wynn, K. (1992). Addition and subtraction by human infants. Nature. 358, 749-750. Link to paper
71 minutes | 8 months ago
It's Innate Ep. 1: Mechanisms all the way down
During the first half of their very first episode, Candy and Deon introduce themselves, discuss why they chose to start this podcast, and share why they'd even dare to name their show the It's Innate! podcast given the longstanding and often contentious debate in the developmental literature surrounding this term. During the second half of the episode, Candy and Deon discuss Candy's research with young children. This research examined the role of social comparison on children's self-evaluations. Spoiler alert: It turns out that, to everyone's absolute surprise, children very much dislike being outperformed by novices. Following this discussion, Candy and Deon turn their attention to Deon's recent work in which he examined how a novel mechanism, called second-order correlation learning, might support young children's causal inferences. Candy and Deon conclude by discussing how second-order correlation learning can be leveraged to support children's developing theory of mind, on the one hand, and to mitigate possible racial bias in children, on the other hand. Links Benton, D. T., Rakison, D. H., & Sobel, D. M. (2020, April 15). When correlation equals causation: A behavioral and computational account of second-order correlation learning in children. Link to paper Lapan, C., & Boseovski, J. J. (2017). When peer performance matters: Effects of expertise and traits on children's self‐evaluations after social comparison. Child development, 88(6), 1860-1872. Link to paper
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