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Ithihasa India History Podcast
22 minutes | Mar 12, 2022
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series Finale: The Rise of Sri Krishna Deva Raya: Pt 6
Saluva Thimmarasu's idea of forging letters from the 16 of Gajapati’s Mahapatras and making it seem like the vassals of Gajapati were actively conspiring with the Vijayanagara Emperor to betray Prataparudra on the day of the battle was a masterstroke. Meanwhile, Subuddhi, the officer who had been sent by the Gajapati to keep him updated of all that was happening, learned that Vijayanagara officers were secretly proceeding toward the Gajapati’s camp with 16 boxes and he hurried to write up a message about this to warn Prataparudra. This episode is the Vijayanagara-Gajapati War mini-series finale, culminating in the total domination of Sri Krishnadevaraya over the entire South after vanquishing his Hindu rival.
25 minutes | Mar 12, 2022
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: The Rise of Sri Krishna Deva Raya: Pt 5
We had ended the last episode at a cliffhanger, a crucial juncture for Sri Krishnadevaraya and his army. The Great Raya’s blitzkrieg took him deep into the enemy Gajapati territory, only to realize that he and his army were trapped. “Their strategy totally foils our plans,” he thought. “In fact, the whole campaign is quickly becoming a disaster! Damn! - this is what I get for making light of Thimmarasu’s advice”
22 minutes | Mar 12, 2022
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: The Rise of Sri Krishna Deva Raya: Pt 4
Welcome back to Ithihasa Indic History Podcast! This is the 1st episode of 2022 and the Episode 52 of the Season Vijayanagara. Loyal Listeners who have been asking me, your wait is finally over. Let us pick up where we left in December of 2021. We had ended the previous episode with the conquest of the Udayagiri fortress by the Vijayanagara Army after a lengthy siege and fighting off the dogged resistance of the gallant forces of the Gajapati Army. In this episode, we shall continue the military campaign of the Great Raya from where we left off in the last. The fall of Udayagiri did not satisfy the Vijayanagara Emperor understandably. Now that he had tasted success against his arch-rival Prataparudra, Krishna DevaRaya wanted to push the dagger even deeper.
25 minutes | Dec 6, 2021
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: The Rise of Sri Krishna Deva Raya: Pt 3
This episode and the next will look closely at the campaigns of Sri Krishna Devaraya against the Orissa Gajapati’s scion, Prataparudra Deva and their intense personal rivalry that added fuel to the already simmering fire between these two Hindu powers. Not many people realize that the aftermath of this long simmering war between these two great powers, was much more dramatic and in a way anticlimactic than what it is usually made out to be. The decline in the power of Orissan Gajapatis and the break up of it’s empire, practically begins with the ascension of Prataparudra to the throne and the rise of Sri Krishna Devaraya.
24 minutes | Oct 18, 2021
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: The Rise of Sri Krishna Deva Raya: Pt 2
Krishna Deva Raya’s period of rule constitutes the glorious epoch in the history of the Vijayanagara empire, with back to back military victories scored on all sides, in quick succession, besides being the apex time in the history of arts and culture in the South.The name Krishna Deva Raya, even till this day evokes the same response in the hearts and minds of millions of South Indians as much as it did in the 16th century. People loved him then and they love him now. In this episode we shall pick up from where we left in the last one. We shall look at the circumstances under which the young Krishna Raya ascended the throne and the military campaign that he undertook right after his coronation.
23 minutes | Oct 18, 2021
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: The Rise of Sri Krishna Deva Raya: Pt 1
Krishna Deva Raya’s period of rule constitutes the glorious epoch in the history of the Vijayanagara empire, with back to back military victories scored on all sides, in quick succession, besides being the apex time in the history of arts and culture in the South.The name Krishna Deva Raya, even till this day evokes the same response in the hearts and minds of millions of South Indians as much as it did in the 16th century. People loved him then and they love him now. Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj, MahaRana Pratap and Krishna Deva Raya are some of the few rulers in Indian history who are adored and loved by millions of Indians. These charismatic figures are adored and respected by every proud Hindu across the world, for everything that they did to uphold Dharma and protect this Sacred Land and Civilization which we call as Bharath.In light of that, a mere cursory account of the beloved figure, Sri Krishna Deva Raya wouldn’t do justice to either to the podcast, this episode or even to this Great Legend.In the Battle Of Raichur mini-series, we explored in depth the daring military exploits of Krishna Deva Raya in his Raichur campaign and the aftermath of it. In this episode, we shall look at his beginnings and rise to the Lion throne of Vijayanagara.
21 minutes | Sep 12, 2021
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: The Tuluva Coup D'etat : p6
The 1st Emperor of the Saluva Dynasty, Saluva Narasimha died in about the year 1490 CE, without enjoying the power and position for long, leaving two minor sons behind him. Placing the kingdom under the charge of his trusted lieutenant, Tuluva Narasa Nayaka as a regent.When Narasanayaka raised the eldest of the princes to the throne, Timmaraja opposes him in favour of the younger prince which results in a intense rivalry that creates deep fissures in the fabric of Vijayanagara polity. This rivalry was rooted in their personal ambitions which led to dissensions in the court of Vijayanagara, that was still recovering from the effects of misrule of the last Sangama rulers.In this episode we will trace the implosion of the short lived Saluva Dynasty and the rise of Tuluva Dynasty.
25 minutes | Aug 5, 2021
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: Saluva The Eagle : p5
The Sangamas were imploding due to a series of incompetent successors after the death of the Great Devaraya II. The Empire was literally teetering at the edge and shrinking from all sides, while its enemies and opportunistic rebels reared their heads sensing the vulnerability of the Imperial Structure at the Capital.And there was a dramatic civil war raging in the Gajapati Kingdom of Orissa, after the death of the powerful Gajapati, Kapilendra Deva.In the midst of all this chaos, there was a figure in Vijayanagara who was growing stronger by the day in both political and military power; At the cost of the imperial glory of the weak emperor of Vijayanagara.
19 minutes | Jul 4, 2021
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: The Fall of Sangamas : p4
The great Emperor Devaraya II had passed away, his inexperienced and not so talented successor Mallikarjuna Raya had ascended the throne. And the dark clouds of war were already hovering around Vijayanagara.It’s arch rivals, the Bahamanis and Gajapatis were more than eager to commence a pincer move to finish it off with their opportunistic alliance. Will they succeed in their plan? Will Mallikarjuna be able to hold against his rivals?
18 minutes | Jun 20, 2021
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: Devaraya I & II - Last Great Sangamas : p3
Yet another war between the Vijayanagara and Bahamani had ended, but it was followed by a brutal famine throughout the Deccan and Karnataka that distressed the populations of both the kingdoms up until 1424 CE for two long years.In spite of these setbacks, Vijayanagara soon recovered its strength, making Devaraya I and his successor Devaraya II's reigns memorable in the empire. The long years of peace that followed this war stirred the literary and religious talents of the people of the empire, as nothing else had done for half a century before. After the death of Devaraya I, Devaraya II’s relations with the Bahamani kingdom however continued to be hostile.
19 minutes | Apr 3, 2021
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: DevaRaya's Revenge : p2
The breathing room and crucial buffer that DevaRaya II’s reign provided to the Empire cannot be understated. His rule had prevented it from being eaten up by its rivals, the Gajapatis and Bahmanis, who were eagerly waiting to carve it up for themselves. And it is exactly for this reason that I will be dedicating some time to the under appreciated reign of DevaRaya II. We had briefly touched his rise to power in the previous episode.And before we look at the reign of Devaraya II, we need to first know some background of the events that preceded him. Most importantly, in this episode we shall briefly look at the reign of Devaraya I, the grandfather of Devaraya II. The events that transpired during his reign had ripple effects for Devaraya II.
29 minutes | Feb 26, 2021
Vijayanagara and Gajapati Series: DevaRaya II vs KapilendraDeva : p1
Welcome to Ithihasa, a Indic History Podcast and you are listening to Episode 42 of the Season Vijayanagara and the 1st full length episode of 2021. With this we resume our exploration of the Mighty Vijayanagara Empire’s rich history.Today we will be embarking on yet another mini-series that will delve in depth into a very interesting chapter of both the Vijayanagara and Orissa histories. We will look into the infamous Vijayanagara-Gajapati Seven Year War and the entire background behind it. How and why did two Hindu emperors and contemporaries of their time end up on the opposite side instead of joining forces against the Islamic Sultanate rivals?
7 minutes | Feb 13, 2021
Vijayanagara: Welcome Back To Karnataka Samrajya
2020 has been an eventful year that most of us wish never happened in first place. The economic and human devastation that transpired across the globe so rapidly due to this deadly pandemic; is a grim reminder to each one of us to not take our fragile life, peace, material luxuries and the semblance of order in our daily lives for granted. So to all those asking me, when is the next episode or what it is about, I can assure you that it’s going to be very interesting. There is still a lot of ground to cover and many stories to be told.We will be resuming the Season Vijayanagara in 2021 with an dramatic mini-series that will delve in depth into the rise of Sri Krishna DevaRaya and the epic showdown between the Gajapatis of Orissa and Vijayanagara.There is going to be intense drama, action, intrigue that’s born out of the insatiable ambitions, greed of powerful men of that era for glory and power.Like never before on any other Indian History Podcast, the Story of Vijayanagara will be unraveled on the Ithihasa Indic History Podcast. Whether you are a first-time listener, casual listener or a loyal listener, you will not be disappointed.
24 minutes | Dec 28, 2020
Vijayanagara: Nayankara System p3 - The Raya's Kumara Varkkam
The inner tension in the Nayaka world was between the role of a Komara and Nayankara. To be a Komara meant that the Nayaka was a part of an inner circle of service elite. And to be a Nayankara partner implied having access to and share of political power along with the Rayas.There was this simmering tension between the paths of mobility and loyalty and this resonated deeply during the period in question.
31 minutes | Dec 20, 2020
Vijayanagara: Nayankara System p2 - Saluva Thimma's Sleight Of Hand
In a 3 part mini-series, we will see in depth how the Vijayanagara rulers innovated on the previous patterns of political and administrative instruments in the south, to build a robust framework to rule the ever expanding Vijayanagara Empire.Nayamkaras were the political and economic instruments through which the Nayakas of Vijayanagara reworked the empire at multiple levels between the ruler and the realm; between Raya and Nayaka. Between the ruler and the realm, nayamkara facilitated deeper penetration of the nayakas into the far corners of the empire. Local and trans-local temples, monasteries and professional collectives alike were now brought into the economic and political orbit of the empire.
34 minutes | Dec 15, 2020
Vijayanagara: Nayankara System p1 - Rani Rudrama Devi's Gamble
In this episode and the next we shall look at the birth of Nayankara System, which was one of the most fascinating aspects of the Vijayanagara Empire and its legacy. In a 3 part mini-series, we will see in depth how the Vijayanagara rulers innovated on the previous patterns of political and administrative instruments in the south, to build a robust framework to rule the ever expanding Vijayanagara Empire.If you haven’t listened to the Foundation Series, you should check it out for a detailed backstory and much better context. It sets the stage for most of the season. You can listen to the Foundation Series Collection at this link, if you are listening to the show using the web-player.
36 minutes | Dec 4, 2020
Vijayanagara: Devadasi : A Fallen Goddess
In this episode we will look in depth at one of the most fascinating women of the 15th & 16th century Vijayanagara. These women straddled the royal courts of Emperors, held the nobility in their palm of the hand and cuddled with the richest of the merchants.And they are normally referred to as Devadasis.Forced to become courtesans at an early age when they were dedicated for life to a deity, the community of women that history now refers to as Devadasis somehow managed to carve out a powerful social space for themselves. They left their mark on medieval art and literature, on sculpture, music and dance.
34 minutes | Nov 20, 2020
Vijayanagara:Art and Architecture p6: Varaha O Varaha
In this episode we shall explore the coinage and currency of Vijayanagara. We will try to understand how mundane things like Coins were used as tools of royal propaganda and power. Vijayanagara was one of the first South Indian empires that realized the potential of Coins in furthering its influence in the form of soft power on the minds of its subjects and enemies alike. Visual Notes:Vijayanagara's Official Laanchana(Emblem)Copper Coin - GarudaCopper Coin - Dagger & ConchKrishna Deva Raya - Gold Pagoda(Gadyana) - Seated BalakrishnaKrishna Deva Raya - Gold Half Pagoda(Half Gadyana) - Seated BalakrishnaAchyuta Raya - Gadyana - Gandabherunda-1Achyuta Raya - Half Gadyana - Gandabherunda-2Sadasiva Raya - Gadyana - Shiva-ParvathiTirumala Raya - Gadyana - Rama-Sita-LakshmanaVenkata Raya III - Gadyana - Sri VenkateshwaraVenkata Raya III - Half Gadyana - Sri Venkateshwara - ConchKeladi Nayakas - Ikkeri - GadyanaChitradurga Nayakas - Gadyana - Krishna Deva RayaKampili - Copper Coin - Dagger and ConchKampili - Gold Coin - Upright Dagger-Conch-DiscusChalukya - Gold Coin - Varaha-Sun-MoonHoysala - Gold Coin - Lion - Goddess
21 minutes | Nov 8, 2020
Vijayanagara:Art and Architecture p5: Gandabherunda : The Vanquisher Of Enemies
In this episode we shall look at a very interesting and powerful motif that was widely used by Vijayanagara royalty and especially by the Emperor Achyuta Devaraya who was the successor of Sri Krishna Deva Raya .The motif in question is known as , “Gandabherunda”. “Bherunda” means terrific and frightful, a species of bird in Sanskrit; while Ganda is understood to imply a hero or warrior. This motif is the official emblem of the Karnataka State Government too.Visual Notes:Karnataka's EagleGandabherunda Relief in Rameshwara Temple at Keladi - Zoomorphic FormGadabherunda Relief in the ceiling of Brihadeshwara Temple - Zoomorphic FormGandabherunda Emblem in Mysore PalaceGandabherunda - Heraldic Design - Coat of ArmsGandabherunda Image - Lalitha Mahal Palace Hotel, MysoreOne Bird Two Heads Article on Gandabherunda Our Mythological Birds Article on GandabherundaThe Mysore Royal Order Of The GandabherundaDepiction of Gandabherunda on gold varaha coin of Achyuta RayaAshtamukha GandabherundaGandabherunda - Anthropomorphic FormShiva Sharabha and Narasimha Gandabherunda FightDouble Headed Eagle of the Holy Roman EmpireGandabherunda in Srirangam by Pandya Dynasty
34 minutes | Oct 31, 2020
Vijayanagara:Art and Architecture p4: In A Land Of Kings and Deities
In this episode, we will look at not just the legacy of Vijayanagara when it came to temples and sculptures; but we will also look at the evolution of art and culture as a result of political developments that took place in the Empire during the 16th and 17th centuries.Episode Visual Guide Links:Anjali MudraKrishna Deva Raya portrait image at Sri Venkateswara Temple in Tirumala-TirupatiNarasimha Swamy Temple at AhobhilamColonette style pillar at Narasimha Swamy Temple at AhobhilamColonette style pillar#2 at Narasimha Swamy Temple at AhobhilamExquisite image of Ugra Narasimha carved within a pillar, bursting out of it at Narasimha Swamy Temple at AhobhilamSteles - Stone frames with visual elements sculpted in it.Lathe turned smooth cylindrical pillars of HoysalasVijayanagara Architecture Slides depicting pillar designs.Vellore's Vijayanagara Temple showing exquisite pillarPillars of Kalyana Mandapa in Achyuta Raya Temple in HampiPillars of Kalyana Mandapa in Vitthala Temple at HampiKhetapai Narayana Temple at BhatkalKhetapai Narayana Temple#2 at BhatkalPillar at Bugga Ramalingeswara Temple at TadipatriBugga Ramalingeswara Temple blogKodandaRama Temple at VontimittaHampi monuments blog articleKodanda Rama Temple Blog at VontimittaExquisite pillar at Kondanda Rama Temple at VontimittaExquisite pillar#2 at Kondanda Rama Temple at VontimittaLife size Nayaka Era Images at Meenakshi Amman TempleBhuvaraha Temple at Cuddalore
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