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In the Backroom
68 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 17 - The Middle East, Islam, and Africa
The revelations of Muhammad form the basis of the Islamic religion, a monotheistic faith. Muhammad and his followers spread Islam. Islamic traditions and practices developed over centuries and created a distinctive culture. Major historical turning points marked the spread and influence of Islamic civilization. In the first three centuries after Muhammad’s death, Muslim rule expanded rapidly, overcoming geographic barriers, facilitated by weakened political empires. Political unity and the Arabic language facilitated trade and stimulated intellectual activity. Early Islamic civilization was characterized by achievements in science and the arts that transformed the Islamic world and had a major global impact.
31 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 16 - Byzantines and Russia
The capital of the Eastern Roman Empire was established at Constantinople to provide political, economic, and military advantages. We also discuss the connection to Russia.
38 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 15 - Roman Empire
The Roman Republic, in the face of changing social and economic conditions, succumbed to civil war and was replaced by an imperial regime, the Roman Empire. Over a 300-year period, the western part of the Roman Empire steadily declined because of internal and external problems.
46 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 14 - Roman Republic
Although women, most aliens (non-Romans living in the Republic), and slaves were excluded from the governing process, the Roman Republic made major strides in the development of representative democracy, which became a model for modern democracy.
33 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 13 - Early Christianity
The followers of Jesus spread Christianity throughout the Roman Empire, presenting a powerful challenge to Roman polytheism.
25 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 12 - Greek/Roman Gods
WH1 SOL 5b and 6b -Greek mythology was based on a polytheistic religion that was integral to culture, politics, and art in ancient Greece. -Many of Western civilization’s symbols, metaphors, words, and idealized images come from ancient Greek mythology. -Men, women, and slaves all had clearly defined roles in Greek society.
78 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 11 - Golden Age, Alexander the Great, and Hellenistic Age
SOL 5.e and f -Pericles extended democracy; most adult males had an equal voice. Pericles had Athens rebuilt after destruction in the Persian Wars; the Parthenon is an example of this reconstruction during the Golden Age. -Alexander the Great’s conquests, which stretched to western India, spread Greek influence in Egypt and the Near East. -Athenian culture during the classical era became one of the foundation stones of Western civilization.
44 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 10 - Persian War and Peloponnesian War
-The Greeks defeated the Persian empire and preserved their political independence. -Competition between Sparta and Athens for control of Greece helped cause the Peloponnesian War. -The expansion of Greek civilization through trade and colonization led to the spread of Hellenic culture across the Mediterranean and Black Seas.
51 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 9 - Athens and Sparta
This episode we will be talking about SOL WH1 5.c -Classical Athens developed the most democratic system of government the world had ever seen, although not everyone could participate in decision making. It became an inspiration for modern democracies. -Contrasting philosophies of government divided the Greek city-states of Athens (democracy) and Sparta (oligarchy).
50 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 8 - Ancient Greece's Geography
This episode we will be talking about SOL WH1 5.a -The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. -Classical Greek civilizations emerged after the river valley civilizations. -Greece became the first major civilization of Europe. -We also discuss governments of Athens and Sparta. -Mr. Shank shares some of his experiences in Greece.
46 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 7 - Japan and Mongolia
Essential Understandings Japanese cultural development was influenced by proximity to China. Shinto and Buddhism coexisted as religious traditions in the Japanese culture. Essential Knowledge Location and place · Mountainous Japanese archipelago (four main islands) · Sea of Japan or East Sea between Japan and Asian mainland · Proximity to China and Korea Influence of Chinese culture · Writing · Architecture · Buddhism Shinto · Ethnic religion unique to Japan · Importance of natural features, forces of nature, and ancestors · State religion; worship of the emperor · Coexistence with Buddhism Essential Understandings Mongol armies invaded Russia, Southwest Asia, and China, creating an empire. Essential Knowledge The Mongols · Nomadic herders · Genghis Khan · Golden Horde · Mongols converted to local religions, such as Islam, after conquest Mongol armies · Invaded Russia, China, and Muslim states in Southwest Asia, destroying cities and countryside · Created an empire
50 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 6 - Ancient China
River valleys were the “cradles of civilization.” Early civilizations made major contributions to social, political, and economic development. Language and writing were important cultural innovations because they facilitated the preservation and spread of knowledge.
78 minutes | Oct 7, 2020
Episode 5 - India
Hinduism · Belief in many forms of one God · Reincarnation: Rebirth based upon karma · Karma: Knowledge that all thoughts and actions result in future consequences · Vedas and Upanishads: Sacred writings · Spread along major trade routes Buddhism · Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) · Four Noble Truths · Eightfold Path to Enlightenment
110 minutes | Sep 23, 2020
Episode 4 - Mesopotamia
Mesopotamian civilization: Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys (Southwest Asia) River valleys were the “cradles of civilization.” Early civilizations made major contributions to social, political, and economic development. · Cuneiform: Sumer · Alphabet: Phoenicia · Use of metal (e.g., bronze, iron) tools and weapons · Increasing agricultural surplus: Better tools, plows, irrigation · Increasing trade along rivers and by the sea (Phoenicians) · Development of the world’s first cities · Development of the practice of slavery within most cultures in the ancient world, taking various forms
68 minutes | Sep 16, 2020
Episode 3 -The Hebrews
• Hebrews settled between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River Valley (part of the Fertile Crescent in Southwest Asia). Origins of Judaism • Abraham • Moses Beliefs, traditions, and customs of Judaism • Belief in one God (monotheism) • Torah, which contains the written records and beliefs of the Jews • Ten Commandments, which state moral and religious conduct • Covenant Spread of Judaism • Exile • Diaspora
74 minutes | Aug 28, 2020
Episode 2 - Egypt
River valleys were the “cradles of civilization.” Early civilizations made major contributions to social, political, and economic development. Old Kingdom - New Kingdom
43 minutes | Aug 19, 2020
Episode 1 - Early-Man
Life in early hunter-gatherer societies was shaped by the physical environment. Homo sapiens emerged in East Africa between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago. Early human societies, through the development of culture, began the process of overcoming the limits set by the physical environment. The beginning of agriculture, including permanent settlements, was a major step in the advancement of human social organization. Archaeologists continue to find and interpret evidence of early humans and their lives.
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