53 minutes | Aug 9th 2014

Episode 014: What is the last P in PARSNIP?

Show Notes: The Minimal PairTitle: What is the last P in PARSNIP?Episode no: 014Date: Recorded on 8/7/14
Topics in Language LearningEFL vs. ESL
  1. What’s the difference?
    • EFL – English as a Foreign Language is taught to a mostly homogenous group of ELLs in a non-English speaking country
    • ESL – English as a Second Language is taught to any group of ELLs, primarily immigrants, in an English speaking country)
  2. Objectives
  • EFL
    • Less urgency/ irrelevant to daily routine – speakers don’t need English in their everyday lives
    • Topical– literature, cinema, art, culture, conversation, etc. are all courses that could be offered
  • ESL
    • More urgency/practical – speakers need to use English to survive, so they’re less concerned with technicalities
    • Holistic – communication skills, reading, writing, ESP, “big picture”/long-term purposes
  1. Our experiences…
  2. Planning/preparation:
    • EFL
      • Focus on practice, especially speaking, pronunciation, and conversation
      • Exposure to authentic English
      • Reasons/motivation
    • ESL
      • Hands on/suitable for immediate needs
      • Explicit cultural instruction
      • Integration
  3. Sources:

MethodologyAudio learners
  1. Identifying auditory learners
  • Good memory for conversations, jokes, music, lyrics, etc.
  • Enjoy discussion, debate, conversation, listening to music, etc.
  • Sing/hum/whistle to themselves
  • Prefer oral presentations to written reports
  • May read slowly and/or have trouble interpreting graphs, maps, charts, etc.
  1. Teaching Tips
  • Beginning
    • Read directions aloud (while projecting them on the board or providing a handout)
    • Paraphrase/restate directions, especially difficult words
    • Allow students to record lectures
    • Word association/verbal mapping
    • Reading aloud (alone or with someone)
    • Books on tape
    • Mnemonic devices, like PARSNIP (stay tuned!)
  • Intermediate
    • Assigning oral presentations to supplement written work
    • Incorporating music and videos to supplement reading/lecture
    • Allow students to record lectures
    • Word association/verbal mapping
    • Reading groups to share/supplement written journals
  • Advanced
    • Assigning oral presentations to supplement written work
    • “What questions do you have?” (rather than “Do you have any questions?”)
    • Ask them questions, too
    • Encourage active participation so students get a variety of input from people with different backgrounds, levels of fluency, accents, etc.
    • Listening to/creating podcasts
  1. Source:

Culturally speaking…Taboo topics
  • Politics
  • Alcohol
  • Religion
  • Sex
  • Narcotics
  • –isms
  • What does the last P in PARSNIP stand for?
  1. Tips for teachers – countdown:
5. Raising cultural awareness4. Know your audience3. Warm, but not hot (let them discuss something without it getting too heated)2. R-E-S-P-E-C-T1. Keep it neutral
  1. Source:
  • LinkedIn Group, TESOL International Association, discussion started by Anes Abdelrahim Mohamed on July 4th