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Daf Yomi for Women - Hadran
43 minutes | Jun 15, 2021
Yoma 65 - June 15, 5 Tamuz
Study Guide Yoma 65 Today's daf is sponsored by the Wilchek family in memory of their son Ozi on his fifth yahrzeit. And by Gitta Neufeld in memory of her father on his yahrzeit, Yosef ben Menachem Mendel v’Pesha, Phillip Jaroslawicz. And by Harriet Hartman in memory of her husband Moshe ben Yehuda Aryeh z"l. "I wish we had been able to learn Daf Yomi together, and I hope my learning is helpful to his nishama." And by Rabbi Michael & Alexis Singer. "Mazel Tov to our daughter Miriam on her graduation from Jack M. Barrack Hebrew Academy. We wish her continued success at List College & Columbia University. We are so proud of you as you keep up your study of Talmud." And by Sharon Russ for the refuah shleima of Ruchama Adina bat Mazal Shifra Chaya Tova. "Ruchama is G- d willing, having surgery this morning. May we hear good news and may she have a speedy complete recovery!" The gemara raises several questions from various lines in our mishna on Rav and Rabbi Yochanan's approaches regarding a case where two lotteries are needed (if one animal dies) - which one is sacrificed and which one is left to graze. Each question is answered. On what points does Rabbi Yehuda disagree with the rabbis? The gemara explains his approach. The gemara raises a contradiction between two other statements of Rabbi Yehuda - one regarding someone who paid double for this year's half-shekel payment - it can be used for the next year. The other is regarding two goats or bulls for Yom Kippur that were both designated for the same sacrifice (as one got lost and was then found, after the other had been chosen) and Rabbi Yehuda doesn't allow it to be left for next year. Why the difference? The gemara brings several answers (4 on this page) and they are all rejected.
44 minutes | Jun 14, 2021
Yoma 64 - June 14, 4 Tamuz
Study Guide Yoma 64 Presentation - Goats This week of learning is sponsored by Yael & Mark Shayne in honor of their daughter, Dr. Elizabeth Shayne, who is receiving semicha from Yeshivat Maharat tomorrow. "We are proud of her accomplishments and thrilled to watch her evolve; but we are also excited to see how she continues to develop and contribute to Klal Yisrael. Yashar koach and Mazal tov." Today's daf is sponsored by Ilana Fund in honor of her mother Rena Barta on her birthday tomorrow. "Mazal Tov and Happy Birthday Eema! So proud and inspired to be joining you on your daf yomi journey from halfway around the world. I am looking forward to being able to learn with in you person this summer, beezrat Hashem. I love you." And in memory of Yaakov ben Meir, Rabbeinu Tam. What happens if one of the goats dies? A new lottery is performed. If the goat for Azazel dies, what happens to the two goats that were designated for Hashem? Which one is sacrificed and what happens to the other. Rav and Rabbi Yochanan disagree and their debate depends on their opinion regarding whether or not animals that get rejected remain rejected or not. From where is each opinion derived? Tannaitic sources are brought to support each opinion.
46 minutes | Jun 13, 2021
Yoma 63 - June 13, 3 Tamuz
Study Guide Yoma 63 Today's daf is sponsored anonymously in memory of HaRav Menachem Mendel ben Levi Yitzhak, the Lubavitcher Rebbe. According to Rav Chisda, if an animal is considered "missing an action associated with it," if one slaughters it outside, one would not be obligated for slaughtering outside the Temple. Therefore, one would not be obligated for offering outside the Temple peace offerings before the opening of the Sanctuary doors. A contradiction is brought regarding Rav Chisda's halacha that regarding the goats, one would be obligated, even though it is missing an action, as it can potentially be used for the musaf offering of a goat. Does Rav Chisda use the halachic principle "ho'il" - 'since it can be potentially valid'? Where does Rav Chisda hold that we don't use that principle? If a Pesach is offered not in its proper time (not on the fourteenth of Nisan) outside the Temple, is one obligated for slaughtering outside the Temple? Does it depend on whether he intended it as a Pesach or as a peach offering? Three opinions are brought. The goat that is sent to Azazel is excluded from laws of slaughtering outside the Temple, however, is included in other laws - must be sanctified only once it is eight days old and cannot be brought from a blemished animal.
38 minutes | Jun 11, 2021
Yoma 62 - Shabbat June 12, 2 Tamuz
Study Guide Yoma 62 If the blood spills before all the sprinklings are finished, a new animal is slaughtered. What happens to the animals whose blood was sprinkled? If it was a goat, a new lottery must be done – are all the goats that were chosen to go to Azazel actually sent to Azazel? Rav Nachman concludes that only one is sent. Which one? The two goats are supposed to be identical in a number of ways, but if they are not, they can still be used. What happens if one of them dies? From where is the law derived that they should be identical but if not, they can still be used? The same laws apply also to the two lambs brought for a leper and the two birds used in the leper’s purification process and for the two lambs used for the Shabbat additional sacrifices. Why does it not apply to the two lambs used for the Tamid daily sacrifice?
45 minutes | Jun 11, 2021
Yoma 61 - Rosh Chodesh Tamuz, June 11, 1 Tamuz
Study Guide Yoma 61 The month of Tamuz is sponsored by Rabbi Fredda Cohen and Eric Nussbaum in memory of Fredda's beloved father, Mitchell Cohen, Michael ben Shraga Faivel haLevi, whose 27th yahrzeit falls on 16 Tammuz. "He was so kind, sweet and funny. He had a big open heart for klal Yisrael v'chol yoshvei teivel. He would never have categorized himself as a Torah and Talmud scholar, but indeed he was. The father of three girls, he gave all of us a Jewish education. He was a loving husband who adored our mom. There was no one I missed more on the day I received s'micha as he was my inspiration and ballast. He would be delighted to know that he has nine grandchildren, two of whom carry his name, and two great-grandchildren. He was truly an ish neeman. The month is also dedicated for Refua of Pesha Ethel bat Sarah." Today's daf is sponsored by Ilana Friedman, in memory of her dear cousin Dvora Ita bat Harav Azriel Zeev on her yahrtzeit. "Dvora was a brilliant woman with a strong sense of justice and integrity who loved to learn and who would have been my biggest Daf cheerleader. She is loved and missed. May she be a melitzat yosher for her family and women everywhere dedicated to Torah learning." Ulla said: If the Kohen Gadol slaughtered the goat before sprinkling the blood of the bull in the Holy of Holies, he should start the process from the beginning. Does this contradict what is written in the mishna? For what are all the different parts of the sprinkling of the blood intended to atone? Do Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Elazar and Rabbi Shimon disagree both on the matter of blood (if the blood is spilled, where do we start) and on the guilt offering of a leper (if the oil is spilled)?
44 minutes | Jun 10, 2021
Yoma 60 - Rosh Chodesh Tamuz, June 10, 30 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 60 A week of learning is sponsored by Sivya and Nahum Twersky in honor of Shoshana Baker's milestone birthday. "May Hashem grant her arichut yamim in good health with her beautiful family. There is so much nachat left to come. We are so very proud of her commitment to Torah, Avodah v.Gemilut Chasadim. Hamaevin Yavin. All of our love and admiration, Mom and Abba." Today's daf is sponsored by Mark Baker in honor of his wife's Shoshana's birthday. Wishing her the happiest birthday to his beautiful wife. And by Gitta Jaroslawicz-Neufeld for the refuah sheleima of David ben Adel and all that need health. Is it really true always that once the mitzva is complete, there are no laws on misuse of consecrated property? After all, there are exceptions like the trumat hadeshen, removal of the ashes – once there are placed in the pile, they remain there and can’t be used. How is this issue resolved? Why was it necessary to bring 3 different drashot excluding it from laws of misuse of consecrated property? Each word comes to exclude a different law. Why is there no need for a verse to exclude laws of pigul by blood? Every act of Yom Kippur must be done in order. Does this really mean everything? There is a dispute between Rabbi Yehuda and Rabbi Nehemiah - does it only apply to what is done in white clothes inside the Holy of Holies or to everything that is done in white clothes? The gemara discusses their opinions. What happens if the blood is spilled in the middle of the sprinklings? From what point does the Kohen Gadol need to start with a new animal?
46 minutes | Jun 9, 2021
Yoma 59 - June 9, 29 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 59 Today’s daf is sponsored by Rabia Mitchell in honor of Oliver Mitchell on their 25th wedding anniversary. These past 25 years have been overflowing in joy and laughter, our 5 children, thousands of Shabbos guests, traveling with the family or simply sitting together and learning the Daf. It has all been a delight and I am so grateful for each and every day. Thank you for sharing your life with me. What is the point on which Rabbi Yosi HaGlili and Rabbi Akiva disagree regarding the direction in which the Kohen Gadol goes when doing the placements of blood on the inner altar? The gemara brings several options and analyzes them. After that the Kohen Gadol sprinkled the blood on the "tiharo" of the altar seven times - what part of the altar is that? The Kohen Gadol now leaves the Sanctuary and spills the remainder of blood into a hole at the base of the altar. Into which hole - the Western or Southern one? Is this the same or different from sacrifices whose blood was sprinkled on the outer altar? There are different opinions brought. Is there a law of misuse of consecrated property (meila) by the blood that goes from the base and drains out to Nachal Kidron? If there is, it is only rabbinic as there are no laws of meila by blood. Three drashot are brought to explain from where this is derived in the Torah.
46 minutes | Jun 8, 2021
Yoma 58 - June 8, 28 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 58 Pictures The gemara determines who said what in the dispute between Rabbi Yoshiya and Rabbi Yonatan regarding mixing the blood. Rami bar Hama asks some questions about something creating a separation between the blood and a utensil. Where does the Kohen Gadol stand when he puts the blood on the inner altar? How many does he do? In which direction is it done (up/down)? Which corner does he start with and what is the direction in which he continues from there? There is a dispute between Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Yossi Hagalili - what is the basis for the dispute?
42 minutes | Jun 7, 2021
Yoma 57 - June 7, 27 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 57 If the sprinklings of the bull and goat are derived by a hekesh, juxtaposition, how can we derive a further juxtaposition from the sprinklings in the Holy of Holies to the sprinklings in the Sanctuary – rules don’t allow for a juxtaposition on a juxtaposition in the realm of the Temple. The gemara offers several answers. Are the sprinklings in the Sanctuary done on the parochet or in front of the parochet, on the floor? What does one do if the bloods get mixed together before the Kohen Gadol sprinkles the blood in the Holy of Holies? What if they mix after sprinkling upward but before the downward sprinklings? What if the Kohen got confused and doesn’t know which blood is in each cup? If some of the bloods mixed together but some remained separate, is what’s mixed up considered the remainder, or is it considered “rejected”? The mishna explains that the last stage of the blood sprinklings is to mix them together and place them on the four corners of the golden altar. That is a subject of debate as according to one opinion, they are placed separately on the corners of the altar. Is it clear that there is a tannaitic debate on this topic? Perhaps they both agree?
38 minutes | Jun 6, 2021
Yoma 56 - June 6, 26 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 56 This week's learning is sponsored by Robert and Paula Cohen in memory of Paula’s father, Chaim Avraham ben Alter Gershon HaKohen. And by Elana Storch in honor of the birth of her granddaughter, Reut Noa, born to our children Julianna and Reuben Habousha Cohen. Reut Noa is named for women of strength and courage. One day she will know that a week of learning was dedicated to her arrival and I will share the great achievements of Rabbanit Farber and the beautiful community of Hadran. What is the reason why Rabbi Yehuda thinks there was only one pedestal for the bloods of the bull and the goat? Was it because the Kohen Gadol may not read the signs and may confuse between the bloods? Apparently, that is the issue, even though in the case of the shofarot in Shekalim, that was not the issue. In Shekalim the issue was a concern that someone may have died after their money went in and there would be no way to fix the situation as Rabbi Yehuda doesn't hold by laws of breira, retroactive designation. From where do we know that Rabbi Yehuda doesn't hold by breira? Why would Rabbi Yehuda think in the case of the Kohen Gadol, we cannot rely on the fact that he will read the signs but in the case of the shofarot, we can? A case is brought of a chazan who described the service of the Kohen Gadol in a way that was both according to Rabbi Yehuda and the rabbis and Rava corrected him. From where do we derive that the blood is sprinkled in the Sanctuary onto the parochet in the same order and the same amount as was done inside the Holy of Holies?
34 minutes | Jun 4, 2021
Yoma 55 - Shabbat June 5, 25 Sivan
Pictures The Kohen Gadol first sprinkles the blood of the bull in the Holy of Holies. Then he slaughters the goat and sprinkles its blood. How is the sprinkling done – where? How many? In what direction? Is it the same for the bull and the goat? How is this all derived from the verses? The counting is done by also mentioning the one sparkling that was upwards at the time he is counting the downward ones. Why? Are there two stands or just one for the bloods of the bull and goat? Rabbi Yehuda disagrees with Tana Kama. The gemara brings the Mishna Shekalim 6:4 to try to understand why Rabbi Yehuda holds that there was only one stand – is it because people may not read what is written and may make a mistake? The gemara rejects this possibility and explains the reason in Shekalim differently and as such, it does not teach us anything about our mishna.
42 minutes | Jun 4, 2021
Yoma 54 - June 4, 24 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 54 Today's daf is sponsored by Goldie Gilad in memory of her father Yaacov Yisroel Tynkielrot z"l. "A holocaust survivor that continued to learn Daf Yomi immediately after the war by gathering and encouraging people around him to study the Daf realizing that it was the only constant in his life having lost everything else that mattered. He continued Daf Yomi for 7 1/2 cycles. He gave shiurim morning and night during his entire life." And by Rivka and Martin Himmel in honor of their 36th anniversary. While learning the daf, Rivka uses the Shas that her father gave to Martin for the wedding. Was the Ark hidden or was it taken to Babylonia? What are the proofs for each opinion? The Ark and the Cherubs were used as a metaphor for the relationship between God and the Jewish people. How? How were there cherubs in the Second Temple if there was no Ark? Why was the stone called "Even Hashtia"? From where was the world created? Various opinions are brought? Is Jerusalem considered the center of the world/universe?
46 minutes | Jun 3, 2021
Yoma 53 - June 3, 23 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 53 Pictures Today's daf is sponsored by Dodi Lee Lamm in memory of her beloved father, Rabbi Maurice Lamm, Moshe ben Meir Shmuel. "My father lived his life with joy, purpose, and an absolute abundance of love for his family. He was patient, kind, and wise. It is because of my father that I learn the daf, and I feel his presence in every word of Torah I read. May our learning give him pride and his neshama have an aliya." What is the source of the Pharisees / Sadducees' controversy regarding the incense on Yom Kippur? How does the Kohen Gadol walk out of the Holy of Holies? We learn from this about how to part from one’s rabbi and how to walk at the end of the Shmoneh Esre, the silent prayer. What prayer does the Kohen Gadol say after leaving the Holy of Holies. A story is told of Rabbi Hanina ben Dosa who was able to very easily influence the bringing and stopping of rain in a way that no Kohen Gadol was able to do. It is said of one Kohen Gadol that extended his prayer and caused great worry among the people who were concerned that he had died. The mishna describes the sprinklings of blood that the Kohen Gadol from the bloods of the bull and the goat inside the Holy of Holies and outside on the parcohet. In what order? How many sprinklings?
46 minutes | Jun 2, 2021
Yoma 52 - June 2, 22 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 52 Pictures Today's daf is sponsored by Judy Shapiro for the upcoming birthdays of her grandchildren: Matan and Yakira in Baltimore, 2nd birthday; and Adin Abraham in Jerusalem, 1st birthday. What exactly was the question regarding the status of the one cubit partition between the Sanctuary and the Holy of Holies? Ravina explains it and the gemara brings Rabbi Yochanan who quotes a question raised by Yosef Ish Hutzal about two possibilities to reading a verse regarding the partition to prove his reading. The gemara questions this as it is said in a braita that Isi ben Yehuda said there are five verses in the Torah that can be read in two different ways and this verse is not one of them and it is said that Yosef Ish Hutzal is the same person as Isi ben Yehuda. The mishna continues to describe the path the Kohen Gadol takes after reaching the parochet, partition between the Sanctuary and the Holy of Holies. Then it describes how he offered the incense in the Holy of Holies and the path he took to leave when he finished. In the Sanctuary, on the way out, he would recite a short prayer – short, so as not to worry the people outside that were concerned the Kohen Gadol may die upon entering the Holy of Holies. The mishna is confusing as the parochet was only in the Second Temple, but the Ark was only in the First Temple as it was hidden. Why was it hidden and by whom? What else was hidden with it? How can it be explained? There is a debate regarding how the incense is placed on the coals – all at once or gradually. There is also a debate regarding where on the coal pile – closer to the Ark or closer to where the Kohen Gadol is standing?
42 minutes | Jun 1, 2021
Yoma 51 - June 1, 21 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 51 Pictures The gemara had brought a braita that compared sacrifices to temura, substitution. What was the case of sacrifices that were mentioned? Was it specifically the bull of Yom Kippur, in which case we can learn from this source the answer to Rabbi Elazar's question about whether or not laws of substitution apply to that sacrifice? Or was it referring to the ram of Yom Kippur? The gemara raises some questions against Rav Sheshet's reading that it was referring to the ram of Yom Kippur - why couldn't it be referring to the Pesach or Pesach Sheni sacrifice? In referring back to a mishna and braita in which Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Yaakov's arguments against the Tana Kama were brought and in which they listed a few communal and individual offerings, the gemara questions why if Chagiga is communal, shouldn't Pesach be, as well. The gemara answers that it is referring to Pesach Sheni which is clearly individual. But if so, does it really override impurities? A debate regarding this issue is explained. A question is raised against Rabbi Elazar's question regarding whether substitution is effective for the bull offering on Yom Kippur - from drashot in the verses, it seems to be clear that it is considered an individual offering! The gemara resolves the difficulty. The mishna brings two opinions regarding the separation between the Sanctuary and the Holy of Holies - in the Second Temple was it made of two parochets or one? What is the basis for each opinion? Three approaches are brought regarding the path the Kohen Gadol takes through the sanctuary to get to the Holy of Holies. What is the reason behind each approach?
48 minutes | May 31, 2021
Yoma 50 - May 31, 20 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 50 Today's daf is dedicated by Stacey Goodstein Ashtamker in memory of Marilyn Mirchin, Masha Bat Raizel v'Yitzchak. "Marilyn became my family when her daughter married my brother. She was known as Bubbe Marilyn not only to her own grandchildren but to my daughters as well. Her quiet, gentle manner and warm smile will be missed by all. May her neshama have an aliyah." Rabbi Yitzchak now questions Rabbi Ami's opinion from the verses in the Torah which seem to indicate that "bull" would include also the blood. Rav Ashi supports Rabbi Yitzchak's approach from the wording of the verse in the Torah. But an alternative reading is brought to support the others. The gemara questions why if the Kohen Gadol dies, this would not be a case of a sin offering whose owner died, which is left to die. Then clearly the other Kohen Gadol would have to slaughter a new bull! A debate ensues between Rav Amram and Rava regarding the status of the bull offering - is it considered a communal offering (in which case it does not have to be left to die) or is it considered an individual offering (but one who has partners and therefore it is not left to die? Rav Amram brings a mishna to support his reading but Rava understands the source differently. Abaye brings who sources against Rava that seem to imply there are those who hold it is a communal offering, but Rava explains them all as referring to partnership and not communal offering. The second source relates to a question regarding laws of substitution for the bull offering and the gemara delves into the question - both to understand exactly what the question was and attempts to find an answer to the question.
44 minutes | May 30, 2021
Yoma 49 - May 30, 19 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 49 Pictures Questions are raised against Rav Sheshet's opinion who held that carrying the blood to be sprinkled could be performed with the left hand. An additional question is brought by Rav Papa (continuation from the previous pages) regarding the handful of the incense. Rabbi Yehushua ben Levi asks a question about the handful - if a Kohen Gadol took the handful and died, would his replacement be able to take that handful or would he need to take his own? Rabbi Chanina's reaction to his question spurs a whole discussion in and of itself regarding when Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi was born - in the generation before or after Rabbi Chanina? How does his question relate to the debate regarding what happens if the Kohen Gadol dies after slaughtering the bull - does his replacement need to slaughter a new one? What is the answer to Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi's question? The gemara brings two different answers. Does the Kohen Gadol take the incense in his hands again when he is inside the Holy of Holies? If so, how is it done, technically? If the Kohen Gadol dies after slaughtering but before sprinkling the bull's blood, does his replacement need to slaughter a new bull? Two sides of the debate are brought and analyzed.
22 minutes | May 28, 2021
Yoma 48 - Shabbat May 29, 18 Sivan
Today's daf is sponsored by the Shalev family in memory of Genya Adi bat Lana veMisha. "She left an impact with her love, kindness and Torah learning." Rav Papa asks a number of questions regarding both the sanctification of the meal offering and the incense on Yom Kippur. When the Kohen Gadol takes a handful of incense, how big a handful – overflowing or flat? If it falls on the floor after being in his hands, can he gather it up and reuse it? How does it compare to the blood of an animal that spills? Do laws of pigul apply to different parts of the process of the incense? Rav Sheshet is asked a question: When a kohen brings the blood to the altar, can it be carried in his left hand or not? He answers by learning from the incense which was brought in the Kohen Gadol’s left hand. Why isn’t it learned from the daily Tamid offering whose leg is carried to the ramp of the altar in the kohen’s left hand?
44 minutes | May 28, 2021
Yoma 47 - May 28, 17 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 47 Pictures Today's daf is sponsored by William Futornick in honor of Shira Futornick’s birthday. "Happy 17th!" The Kohen Gadol takes a handful of incense using both hands and places it in a spoon in his left hand and in the other hand is the coal pan. The size of the handful depending on the size of the kohen's hands. Why was the incense taken in the left hand and the coal pan in the right? Why was the incense placed in a spoon and not brought directly in the Kohen Gadols' hands? The gemara delves into the size of the handful - what if the Kohen's hands are particularly large like Yishmael ben Kimchit, the son of the woman who was rewarded by having sons who became High Priests as the walls of her house never "saw her hair" due to her being strict regarding laws of head covering. Two stories are brought of Rabbi Yishmael that he left the Temple on Yom Kippur and met a gentile officer in the marketplace and the saliva of the gentile got onto his clothing and he became impure and his brother had to fill in for him. The gemara compares laws of the handful required for a meal offering and the handful of incense on Yom Kippur. These are both two of three activities in the Temple that were considered very difficult. What is the status of dough for the meal offering that gets stuck in between one's fingers - it is considered part of the kmitza or the remainder? What if the handful is taken in an atypical manner? The same is asked regarding the handful of the incense. If you're interested in learning more about the halachot of head covering that stem partially from the description of Kimchit in today's daf, read Head Covering: How and Head Covering: Where by Deracheha.
40 minutes | May 27, 2021
Yoma 46 - May 27, 16 Sivan
Study Guide Yoma 46 The gemara brings in Rabbi Elazar in the name of Bar Kapara who brings an expanded version of Rabbi Meir’s opinion (that there was an additional woodpile for the parts that didn’t burn completely the previous night). He says that it was used every day and even on Shabbat. What did Bar Kapara add that wasn’t already clear from our mishna? Does Rav Huna disagree with Bar Kapara as he seems to say that it wasn’t used on Shabbat? Raba and Rav Chisda each have different ways of understanding Rav Huna. One explains that he holds that it overrides Shabbat but not impurity and the other says the reverse. Abaye raises a question on both approaches – why should one distinguish between Shabbat and impurity? Raba explains why according to both his opinion and Rav Chisda’s. One cannot extinguish coals from the woodpile. What if it was no longer on the woodpile and removed to bring to burn the incense or light the Menora? Rava and Abaye disagree on the subject. Do you disagree when it has already been lowered from the altar or while one is still on the altar? If so, how do their opinions work with the words of Rav Nachman in the name of Raba Bar Avuha who said that if one removes coals to the ground, one is still obligated for extinguishing?
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