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34 minutes | a day ago
107 Dr. Satchin Panda: When Versus What You Eat
Obesity and its accompanying health problems clearly are associated with overeating, especially of high sugar and fatty foods, and a sedentary lifestyle. But it turns out that while we need to be careful with respect to what we eat, when during our waking hours we are eating also has a significant effect on weight gain and general health. The same amount and types of calories can have vastly different health effects depending upon when they are consumed. The light-dark cycle influences our sleep wake circadian rhythm, but the time of day we eat controls another metabolic circadian rhythm. Today we talk with a discoverer of this eating-mediated circadian rhythm, Dr. Satchin Panda of the Salk Institute in La Jolla. Dr. Panda has laid this system out for us in his book, “The Circadian Code : Lose Weight, Supercharge Your Energy, and Transform Your Health from Morning to Midnight.” Key Takeaways: The same amount of calories consumed throughout the day leads to more weight gain that does eating them meals within a 10 hour time frame. This is called time restricted eating or TRE. In addition, a number of health indicators are better with TRE, leading to reduced risk for diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Consuming ice cream before bed, or raiding the refrigerator in the middle of the night, are among the worst practices. Better to have the ice cream earlier in the day. "The field of nutrition science, over the last 100 years, has verified and validated that the quality and quantity of nutrition are extremely important for health. And now this new concept also tells us that the timing of food is equally, or even more, important." — Dr. Satchin Panda Connect with Dr. Satchin Panda: Professional Bio: salk.edu/scientist/satchidananda-panda Website: panda.salk.edu Book: amazon.com/Circadian-Code-Supercharge-Transform-Midnight/dp/163565243X Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
34 minutes | 8 days ago
106 Dr. Ryan Herringa: PTSD in Kids
When we hear the term Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, often the image of a combat veteran comes to mind, but a relatively new field is emerging - that of pediatric PTSD. This is a field of growing importance as we recognize that traumatized youth need treatment for this. Spearheading research in this area is Dr. Ryan Herringa. In this episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Herringa discuss the history of PTSD, how it often manifests in both adults and children, as well as the types of traumas that can cause pediatric PTSD. They also discuss the long term implications and risks for pediatric PTSD, as well as the structural and functional changes to the brain due these lingering traumas. Key Takeaways: Development will have an impact on how PTSD is expressed in kids. Parents, caretakers, and teachers are more likely to notice PTSD in the children in their lives. There is increasing recognition and awareness of pediatric PTSD, however, there is more work to be done in being able to train people to administer therapies, to pick up on PTSD, and have systems that will be able to reach all of these kids. "Any type of trauma that involves the potential for serious injury or threat of life, in oneself (in the child) or, potentially, to someone else (such as a loved one or family member) can cause PTSD in a child." — Dr. Ryan Herringa Connect with Dr. Ryan Herringa: Professional Bio: psychiatry.wisc.edu/staff/herringa-ryan LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/ryan-herringa-b2a31320 BRAVE Research Center: brave.psychiatry.wisc.edu Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: email@example.com Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
20 minutes | 15 days ago
105 Dr. Kris McGrath: Breast Cancer, Underarm Shaving, and Product Use
Breast cancer is on the rise, especially in women under 40. This is pretty scary and the increase points to something environmental. In today’s episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Kris McGrath talk about one of these environmental factors and how our individual underarm hygiene may play a role in our risk for breast (and prostate) cancers earlier in life. Dr. McGrath has had a long time interest in this trend and they discuss some of his work on the relationship between underarm shaving and the use of deodorants and antiperspirants. Key Takeaways: The majority of breast cancer is environmental or lifestyle. Only 5-10% of breast cancer is due to genetic causes. So what are the factors? Both breast cancer and prostate cancer are hormone-driven cancers. More research needs to be done, but there already is a significant and scary relationship between underarm hygiene and beast and prostate cancers. "In my paper, I showed that the earlier you began underarm habits, shaving your underarm and applying antiperspirant deodorant three times a week or more, the diagnosis of breast cancer began at a younger age, especially if you started using these products before the age of 16." — Dr. Kris McGrath Connect with Dr. Kris McGrath: Professional Bio: feinberg.northwestern.edu/faculty-profiles/az/profile.html?xid=15819 Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
6 minutes | 22 days ago
104 Q and A: Mosquito bites, regeneration
Audience questions answered Why are some people attacked by mosquitoes, while people sitting next to them aren’t bothered? This question, from Neil in Jupiter, Florida is something people wonder about. Mosquitoes are attracted to CO2 as well as body odors. Supposed remedies, like taking B vitamins or eating garlic, lack scientific evidence to back them up. The differences between people are largely genetic. Identical twins exhibit highly similar attractiveness or unattractiveness while fraternal twins do not. Now, to find the genes underlying these differences in hopes of using them to protect people. Pregnant women and people with obesity seem to be more attractive to mosquitoes, as are people who have had a beer. How come some vertebrates, like salamanders, can regenerate an arm, while other vertebrates, like humans, can’t? From Jocelyn in Edmonton, Canada…..good question and an area of intensive investigation. Regeneration is a complex process, involving many genes and their regulation. In some cases, we do have the same genes that allow amphibians to regenerate but they have been turned off or modified such that they don’t allow regeneration. In other cases, some of the genes involved in regeneration have been lost over evolutionary time. Keep listening because in the future we will have an entire episode dedicated to regeneration. Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: email@example.com Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
47 minutes | a month ago
103 Ian Urbina: Where Your Fish Comes From
Most of us take for granted that the seafood we eat is healthy and better for the atmosphere. But there are hidden costs in our increasing consumption of seafood that we don’t see. Why? Because these costs are accrued on the high seas and under the sea, where few journalists endeavor to cover them. Sea slavery, overfishing, pollution, and loss of revenue for people already struggling to make a living are extensive, but not well known. Pulitzer Prize-winning New York Times investigative reporter Ian Urbina has seen these horrors firsthand and talks with us today about his book “The Outlaw Ocean” and his foundation of the same name. Key Takeaways: Approximately 50 of our seafood is farmed, and the other 50 percent arrives to consumers via practices involving human abuse and serious environmental damage. Much of the farmed fish eat fish-meal that is derived from massive overfishing of fish less desirable for eating (but nonetheless ecologically important) and other species, such as whales, sharks, turtles) caught up in the fishing process. Cooked, ground up, and used to feed the farmed fish. We tend to think about greenhouse gases as being the driver of global change, but these practices are wreaking severe havoc on the planet, underwater. Human abuse and slavery are often involved in the fleets that harvest from the sea. Invisible people, disposable people. Because all of the above take place out of sight, the damage usually goes unseen for lack of journalistic coverage. It’s expensive to document but critical that it’s brought to light. "There is a dark irony to aquaculture and raising fish on land and in pens. It was meant, and supported for many years by environmentalists, as a way to slow the rate of depletion of the wild fish. Now, because those aquaculture fish are being fed pelletized wild-caught fish, it's actually speeding up the rate of ocean depletion." — Ian Urbina Connect with Ian Urbina: Twitter: twitter.com/ian_urbina Facebook: facebook.com/IanUrbinaReporter Website: theoutlawocean.com Book: theoutlawocean.com/book YouTube: youtube.com/channel/UCykiIhv2wP4-BftEiKb241Q Instagram: instagram.com/ian_urbina Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
49 minutes | a month ago
102 Exploring the Paranormal
In this episode, we welcome back Dr. James Alcock to the show, this time, he is here to discuss the paranormal and parapsychology. Throughout their discussion, Therese Markow and Dr. Alcock explain what is meant by paranormal, different types of supernatural phenomena and paranormal abilities, and the types of experiments that attempt to prove these abilities exist. There is a long history of paranormal beliefs that has evolved throughout the years, culminating in what we now call parapsychology. Key Takeaways: Despite the lack of scientific evidence that paranormal phenomena are real, it is difficult to convince those who want to believe because it is impossible to prove a negative. For example, How can you prove that Santa Claus doesn’t exist? No universities in the USA or Canada have a department in parapsychology. In some schools courses in parapsychology are offered.. Statistics cannot give causation, they can only say when there is a significant departure from what you would expect by chance. In the case of parapsychology experiments, statistical evidence falls short. "There's no other area of science where the phenomena are based on negative definitions." — Dr. James Alcock Connect with Dr. James Alcock: Wikipedia Page: James Alcock Book: Belief: What it Means to Believe and Why Our Convictions are so Compelling Magazine: Skeptical Inquirer Link to relevant article: https://urldefense.com/v3/__https://skepticalinquirer.org/__;!!Mih3wA!RHu5rIp1RgLXolzIlcKGsg5PlFaPu1afl6y6NJJWumPGtrUUz1HnNCeN6a9S9Jo$ Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: email@example.com Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
47 minutes | a month ago
101 When are you really dead?
Dr. Adam Schiavi is an assistant professor of anesthesiology and critical care medicine and neurology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His areas of clinical expertise include anesthesiology, neurological critical care, disorders of consciousness and brain death diagnosis, clinical ethics, critical care medicine, and traumatic brain injury. In this episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Adam Schiavi discuss how the definition of death has changed throughout history, what the current definition is, and how that is determined by the medical technology of the time. Brain death is the current definition of death, medically, but what happens to a body after brain death is determined can vary depending on the state you live in. This can be a trying time for families and for the providers involved with the now-deceased patient as the definition of death is not understood by everyone. They also discuss how brain death differs from other states of consciousness and how people often confuse the terminology of those different states, as well as the ability to hope for healing from all but brain death. Key Takeaways: The total cessation of all functions of the brain is the current definition of brain death in the United States. This definition is based on a clinical exam testing all parts of the brain, typically done by somebody certified in doing brain death determinations. You have to have a reason for the neurologic exam to be declining. Without a reason, you can't call somebody brain dead. You can replace every organ in the body, but you cannot replace the brain and when the brain dies, the body dies all the time 100% unless those organ systems are artificially supportive. "Our culture changes with technology and the way we define death is a part of culture. As that culture has shifted, the way we define death has also shifted with our new technologies of how we can actually determine whether people are dead." — Dr. Adam Schiavi Connect with Dr. Adam Schiavi: Johns Hopkins Bio: Adam Schiavi, MD, PhD, MS Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: email@example.com Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
45 minutes | 2 months ago
100 Dr. Garrett Broad: Cultured Meat: Present and Future Considerations
Garrett Broad is an Assistant Professor of Communication and Media Studies at Fordham University and the author of More Than Just Food: Food Justice and Community Change (University of California Press, 2016). His research investigates the role of storytelling and communication technology in promoting networked movements for social justice. Much of his work focuses on local and global food systems, as he explores how food can best contribute to improved neighborhood health, environmental sustainability, and the rights and welfare of animals. In this episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Garrett Broad discuss the emerging culture around cellular meat and the changing space for this product in the marketplace. Therese and Dr. Broad discuss how the animal cells are acquired, the process of growing the “meat" in a lab, and the types of products currently, and possibly in the future, grown in laboratories. They also discuss how food activists can make beneficial impacts on food justice and food sovereignty and change "food deserts" or "food swamps” and the communities in which they are embedded. Key Takeaways: In food deserts, the problem is the nutritional quality of available foods, as well as the cultural and economic interests of the area. Ground “meat” is the most likely type of food that we are going to be seeing from cell-cultured products, most likely mixed with plant-based products. Cultured animal products have the potential to reduce animal suffering, but the impacts on the planet are not yet certain. Still in development are the specific rules for FDA and USDA oversight of the safety and quality of the cellular products. "I don’t think there’s any way cell-cultured meat gets to market in any serious way without getting off of FBS (fetal bovine serum)." — Dr. Garrett Broad Connect with Dr. Garrett Broad: Twitter: @GarrettBroad Website: GarrettBroad.com Book: More Than Just Food: Food Justice and Community Change Articles: Why We Should Make room for Debate about High-Tech Meat Plant-based and cell-based animal product alternatives: An assessment and agenda for food tech justice Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
39 minutes | 2 months ago
099 Dr. Julie Barkmeier-Kraemer: Why Your Voice is Unique
When we hear someone call on the phone, we often recognize them by their voice. They don't even have to announce their name. So what exactly is a voice? How's it produced? Why is your voice different from other people? We take so much for granted about being able to speak and hear that we don't even stop to think about where voices come from what causes the uniqueness of a person's voice. In today’s episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Julie Barkmeier-Kraemer answer many of these questions and so much more. Key Takeaways: As kids, our voices start out gender-neutral. Kids are smaller so they have really short vocal folds. The tissues don't quite have the differentiation they acquire with use, growth, and time. Girls and boys really change, height and size, similarly up until adolescence. Pitch range is linked to the variable ways in which we grow and our our ultimate sizes. The morphology, so to speak, of our body makeup can predict our pitch and our pitch ranges. What gives us the impression of male or female, however, is word choice. If we are visibly observing that individual there may be body posturing and gestures are mannerisms that we accept as being more masculine or feminine, and speaking style, how we use our pitch and our prosody differently as males and females. "We commonly think of the primary attribute of being male or female is being pitched, but, actually, there's so much more to it." — Dr. Julie Barkmeier-Kraemer Connect with Dr. Julie Barkmeier-Kraemer: Professional Bio: healthcare.utah.edu/fad/mddetail.php?physicianID=u0978011 LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/dr-julie-barkmeier-kraemer-25879b17 Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: email@example.com Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
20 minutes | 2 months ago
098 Dr. Richard Phelps: No More College Admission Test?
Over the last few years, a number of colleges and universities have dropped the requirement for all or part of the SAT or ACT exam as part of their admissions requirements. This movement appears to be increasing. It's logical to wonder about the large-scale implications of eliminating the requirement of these tests, the benefits, and the downsides. In today’s episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Richard Phelps, discuss this trend of eliminating standardized tests, the origins of this movement, and the potential consequences we may see as a result of these changing requirements. Key Takeaways: No college restricts admission decisions to admission test scores alone. They also consider grade point average, your class rank, the historical performance of students from each high school, and the quality and rigor of courses taken. Typically, these factors are given higher priority and admission decisions than test scores. Making test scores optional raises a college's ranking. Once rival colleges eliminate the requirement, a college has little choice but to join them. The less test scores are used in making admission decisions, the more predictive those test scores become, and the less predictive high school grades become because the variance in the ability of the entering students grows and the variance in high school grades narrows. "College administrators may be reticent to admit they adopted a test-optional policy in order to raise their rankings and increase ethnic diversity, and, coincidentally, lowered their academic standards.." — Dr. Richard Phelps Connect with Dr. Richard Phelps: Twitter: @RichardPPhelps Website: RichardPhelps.net & NonpartisanEducation.org Research Gate: Richard P Phelps SSRN Scholarly Papers: Richard P. Phelps Academia: Richard P Phelps LinkedIn: Richard P Phelps LinkedIn Learning: Richard P Phelps Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
19 minutes | 2 months ago
097 Dr. Diane Putnick: Postpartum Depression and Beyond
Postpartum depression is a significant public health concern that affects approximately 10-15% of new mothers. For the most part, societal attitudes toward postpartum depression have changed as the conditions become more recognized. However, not only the mother suffers, but the impact on the infant can also be detrimental and long-lasting. In today’s episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Diane Putnick discuss many of the questions around postpartum depression including: Why do some women suffer postpartum depression and others don't? Will it go away on its own? How long does it last? The answers to these questions are not only surprising but critical to get proper care for the mother and those for the infant as well. Key Takeaways: There is not great data about who gets treatment for postpartum depression because it's hard to estimate how many women are suffering in silence and never actually get diagnosed. It's really important for people to know that if you're experiencing these long-term symptoms, you're not alone. Research hasn’t shown any evidence that postpartum depression is on the rise. If anything, it actually may be on the decline. "I think people also confuse the baby blues with postpartum depression. The big difference between the baby blues and postpartum depression is the severity and the persistence of the problem and the symptoms." — Dr. Diane Putnick Connect with Dr. Diane Putnick: Professional Bio: nichd.nih.gov/about/org/diphr/officebranch/eb/putnick Publons: publons.com/researcher/2870386/diane-l-putnick LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/diane-putnick-051aa262 References: Mom’s Mental Health Matters: nichd.nih.gov/ncmhep/initiatives/moms-mental-health-matters/moms Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: email@example.com Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
37 minutes | 3 months ago
096 Dr. Shanna Swan - Sperm Decline and Human Extinction
Infertility issues are on the rise, leading otherwise healthy young couples to seek a form of assisted reproductive technology appropriate for their particular situation. Increasing infertility has been documented for some time. And since it doesn't appear to be slowing down, it's of considerable concern. Is one sex affected more than the other? What are the long-range implications if the trend keeps going? Is it only humans that appear to be affected? And the critical question is why? In today’s episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Shanna Swan, author of the new book Count Down, answer many of these questions, including talking about the types of chemicals and other factors that may be contributing to these infertility issues. Key Takeaways: The criteria number for good sperm (as indicated by the WHO) has dramatically decreased. There are also other criteria, such as shape, ability to swim correctly, and no chromosomal abnormalities. Male and female infertility is about 50/50 for who is responsible and both should be tested just as often as the other. Newborn babies are being born “pre polluted” with, up to, 100 chemicals. Figure out, if you can, to the extent you can, where your food has come from, and make it as simple as possible because that is what is going into your body. "I'm convinced that a large proportion of the decline we're seeing is due to chemical exposures, manmade chemicals." — Dr. Shanna Swan Connect with Dr. Shanna Swan: Professional Bio: mountsinai.org/profiles/shanna-h-swan Website: shannaswan.com Book: Count Down - shannaswan.com/countdown LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/shanna-swan-phd-339a4258 Instagram: instagram.com/drshannaswan Twitter: twitter.com/DrShannaSwan Reference: Environmental Working Group: ewg.org Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
36 minutes | 3 months ago
095 Dr. Dilip Jeste: The Loneliness Epidemic
Everyone's felt lonely at some point in their lives, but severe and chronic loneliness are different. In fact, loneliness in the United States has reached epidemic proportions, having doubled in the last 50 years, and with severe loneliness comes a range of other health risks. In today’s conversation with Dr. Dilip Jeste, one of the lead researchers at the University of California - San Diego School of Medicine Therese Markow and Dr. Jeste discuss the reasons for this loneliness epidemic, how it affects other aspects of health, and how loneliness affects adults at all age ranges. Key Takeaways: The scale for loneliness does not contain the word “lonely” in any of the items. Before the 1800s, the word loneliness did not exist. Oneliness was used instead and meant that you could be alone, but you did not feel distressed. In 2016 and 2017, the lifespan in the United States fell for the first time since the 1950s - it was not because of some new cancer, or heart disease, or even infection. It was because of suicides, opioids, and loneliness "Loneliness is associated with increased risk of physical, mental, and cognitive disorders...if you reduce loneliness, the prevalence of those diseases will fall." — Dr. Dilip Jeste Connect with Dr. Dilip Jeste: UCSD Bio: profiles.ucsd.edu/dilip.jeste Book: amazon.com/Wiser-Scientific-Roots-Wisdom-Compassion/dp/1683644638 Website: wiserthebook.com TedMed: tedmed.com/speakers/show?id=526374 Compassionate Community Movement: charterforcompassion.org Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: email@example.com Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
37 minutes | 3 months ago
094 Dr. David Beversdorf: Autism: exactly what is it?
In this episode, Therese Markow and Dr. David Beversdorf discuss what exactly autism is, the theories of the causes of autism, and what we do know from research of autism. Numerous non-evidence based cures for autism are becoming more common and understanding the facts of autism is becoming more critical. In this discussion with Dr. Beversdorf, we will understand more about what is autism, what are the symptoms, who first discovered it, what really causes it (and what doesn’t), and what effective treatments may be out there. Key Takeaways: Vaccines do not cause autism. We do know there is a genetic component and several environmental factors that appear to be important. There is a variability aspect of autism. It may be extremely important to be able to track patients to see what they respond to in treatment research to see why and how they are responding. Without more research, we will not be able to create personalized treatment plans for the bio markers. There are a number of organizations around the world that working to achieve this research, which is where the answers will be coming from. "Two, almost opposite biological aspects, could even be coming to this final common pathway of repetitive behaviors. If you blindly target the repetitive behaviors with a drug, without being aware of this biology, you will get nowhere, because one will get better and one will get worse." — Dr. David Beversdorf Connect with Dr. David Beversdorf: Professional Bio: Dr. David Beversdorf Twitter: @MU_CogNeuroLab Facebook: MU Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
35 minutes | 3 months ago
093 Hoarding Disorder with Dr. Mary Dozier
We've all either heard about, or know, someone whose home is filled with things they have no use for, but won't, or can't, discard. When taken to the extreme, this is a part of hoarding disorder. While hoarding is a word that is thrown around in our common vernacular (such as people hoarding toilet paper early in this pandemic), there is more to hoarding than what most people know. In this episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Mary Dozier discuss what hoarding is, how it can manifest itself, and what we currently know about hoarding disorder. Key Takeaways: Unlike many psychiatric disorders, hoarding disorder actually tends to worsen as we get older. People tend to hoard the same things that most people hold on to, just in greater quantities. One of the primary reasons that people seek out treatment is often that people want to be able to have other people to their homes. "Having attachments to objects, by itself, isn't necessarily problematic. The problem begins when the attachment is so great, and the number of objects is so many, that the individual is unable to go about their daily lives." — Dr. Mary Dozier Connect with Dr. Mary Dozier: Professional Bio: psychology.msstate.edu/people/mary-dozier Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: email@example.com Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
33 minutes | 4 months ago
092 Dreams, Nightmares, Mental Health with Dr. Michael Nadorff
In this culture where dreams and nightmares are such a part of our everyday language, the question becomes, what is dreaming? We all dream, so what does it mean, and how does it impact other areas of our lives, such as our mental health? In this episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Michael Nadorff discuss these questions, as well as diving deeper into the different cycles of sleep, the changes in our dreams and sleep as we age, different types of nightmare therapies, and the relationship between nightmares and suicide. Key Takeaways: All dreams, good and bad, occur during the REM cycles of our sleep. The amount of REM sleep increases as the night goes on and, consequently, dreams get longer too. Sleep loves the cold. If you fall asleep in too warm of an environment, during REM sleep when your temperature drops, you are more likely to wake up feeling overheated. Having nightmares significantly increased the likelihood of future suicide attempts in those who had previously attempted suicide. "REM is so important to us that, if you are sleep deprived, your body actually prioritizes REM, and it makes it even that much more intensive." — Dr. Michael Nadorff Connect with Dr. Michael Nadorff: Professional Bio: psychology.msstate.edu/people/michael-r-nadorff/ Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
43 minutes | 4 months ago
091 Why People Believe Things
We all believe in something, from Santa Claus, to the global shape of the earth, to babies needing to be taken care of for survival. While some of our beliefs are intuitive or have evidence, many are not. Sometimes the evidence that we believe to be true is faulty. In this episode, Therese Markow and Dr. James Alcock discuss how these beliefs are built, how we interpret situations to create beliefs, and why we, as a society, have so many common beliefs. As humans, we like to believe we are rational beings, but so many of our beliefs are happening automatically, without our conscious thought or from common teachings that we are all exposed to from those in authority. Therese and Dr. Alcock also discuss further complications regarding belief, such as conspiracy mentalities, imagination inflation, and memory contamination and the role that these elements of complication can play in trying to suss out what to believe in this world full of many shades of gray. Key Takeaways: We cannot learn everything in one lifetime so, as a society, we come to rely on authorities and shared, inherited beliefs. There is no evidence that people can bury trauma. The problem with trauma is people can’t forget. Due to mental desire to belief and idiosyncratic movements, humans often see things that are “magic” or “unexplainable” due to our own actions. "The problem is, if we don’t have the capacity and we don’t have the motivation to critically examine the evidence, then we won’t distinguish between evidence that really is factual and evidence which is wrong." — Dr. James Alcock Connect with Dr. James Alcock: Wikipedia Page: James Alcock Book: Belief: What it Means to Believe and Why Our Convictions are so Compelling Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: email@example.com Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
37 minutes | 4 months ago
090 Dr. Leah Sheppard: Femme Fatale Effect
That gender inequality still exists is no secret. Women continue to be underrepresented in corporate and academic settings. The factors underlying the situation are complex, meaning that it’s not just gender. Women don’t all look alike, some are deemed more attractive than others. Being attractive can be a serious disadvantage for women, but not for men. A new study shows that attractive women are thought by some people to be untrustworthy or deceitful, which can influence job interview outcomes and even promotion and retention. Today, Therese talks with Dr. Leah Sheppard of the Washington State University Carson School of Business about the “Femme Fatale Effect.” Key Takeaways: Attractive women can be at a disadvantage in the workplace. Men and women observers rated attractive women as less trustworthy and even deceitful, compared to unattractive women. This disadvantage is known as the Femme Fatale Effect. While men may find an attractive woman more desirable as a mate, at the same time they may feel, consciously or subconsciously, that because other men also will find her attractive, she might have more opportunities to be unfaithful. "It's good to have an awareness of the ways you might come across, but I think everyone has to be true to who they are. You can't live your life just making modifications based on what you think other people are going to be thinking about you. The truth is, everyone has some advantages and some disadvantages in terms of how other people are going to view them." — Dr. Leah Sheppard Connect with Dr. Leah Sheppard: Website: DrLeahSheppard.com LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/leah-d-sheppard-phd-19a20336 Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
15 minutes | 4 months ago
089 COVID-19 Q & A
In this episode, Therese Markow responds to questions from two listeners. One listener asked why some vaccines are good for life while others have to be administered annually. Another listener asked if some people have a natural inborn immunity to COVID. In addition to addressing these questions, she also emphasizes the importance of basic scientific research and why it is imperative that scientists from around the world freely share their information with one another. Key Takeaways: The types of viruses and their mutations affect the type of vaccine that we get and how often we need to get it. Because the COVID-19 virus is so new, we do not have enough information to fully understand the whys and hows of virus action. In all cases a virus must enter the cell in order to replicate and cause illness.. Mutations in the viral genome can enhance or prevent the virus from entering. "We have to do our part to minimize the risks." — Dr. Therese Markow Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: email@example.com Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
35 minutes | 4 months ago
088 Dr. Joseph Uscinski: Conspiracy Theory Believers
In a world full of media, which may contain misinformation or fake news, there are conspiracy theories abounding. However, conspiracy theories, and the spreading of those theories, is not a new practice, it has been around and transmitting in any way that people communicate. In this episode, Therese Markow and Dr. Joseph Uscinski talk about the origin of conspiracy theories and how these formal theories differ (and are similar) to the fake news and misinformation that fills our media screens today. They discuss some of the earliest US conspiracy theories, as well as some of the more modern ones, and how they are different now, with our current political climate, from what they may have done in the past. They also discuss why people believe these conspiracy theories, as well as why people believe in them, even in the face of refuting evidence. Key Takeaways: The internet did not introduce the spread of conspiracy theories. They will always be spread in any way that people communicate. Our worldviews impact the media that we access, which then can filter which conspiracy theories we are likely to believe. The two most consistent predictors of those who believe in conspiracy theories are education and level of income. "Most of the arguments about evidence, really aren’t about evidence - they’re just about subjective judgments about evidence, which gets us away from evidence and gets us back into how people interpret information and what the world views are they bring into interpreting that information." — Dr. Joseph Uscinski Connect with Dr. Joseph Uscinski: Twitter: @JoeUscinski Website: JoeUscinski.com Books: American Conspiracy Theories & Conspiracy Theories and the People Who Believe Them Connect with Therese: Website: www.criticallyspeaking.net Twitter: @CritiSpeak Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Audio production by Turnkey Podcast Productions. You're the expert. Your podcast will prove it.
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