Following the death of Mao Zedong, China liberalized its market policies. Under the guidance of new leader Deng Xaioping, China’s economy expanded rapidly, but growth was uneven. While a lucky few grew rich, most Chinese suffered the effects of inflation, limited job opportunities, nepotism and large scale corruption. Hundreads of thousands of young Chinese gathered in Tiananmen Square in the heart of China’s capital, Beijing. The government responded—with a very heavy hand.