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Episode Info: via PxHere Compost is one of the essential skills that all gardeners should add to their tool belt. While composting is pretty easy, there are some things to consider that will give you an optimal result. Let’s go green with our browns and wet our plants!All composting requires four basic ingredients:Browns - This includes materials such as dead leaves, branches, and twigs.Greens - This includes materials such as grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, and coffee grounds.Water - Having the right amount of water, greens, and browns is important for compost development.Air - Good airflow is essential for the aerobic bacteria that help break down the browns and greens into beautiful, black compost.Your compost pile should have an amount of browns to greens in a ratio of approximately 25:1. You should also alternate layers of organic materials of different-sized particles. The brown materials provide carbon for your compost, the green materials provide nitrogen, and the water provides moisture to help break down the organic matter.What To Compost The Ingredients: Greens, Browns, Water, and Air Fruits and vegetablesEggshellsCoffee grounds and filtersTea bagsNut shellsShredded newspaperCardboardPaperYard trimmingsGrass clippingsHouseplantsHay and strawLeavesSawdustWood chipsCotton and Wool RagsGarden Weeds (without seeds)Fireplace ashesWhat NOT to Compost A Pallet Compost Bin (via PxHere) Black walnut tree leaves or twigs- Releases substances that might be harmful to plantsCoal or charcoal ash- Might contain substances harmful to plantsDairy products (e.g., butter, milk, sour cream, yogurt) and eggs*- Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and fliesDiseased or insect-ridden plants- Diseases or insects might survive and be transferred back to other plantsFats, grease, lard, or oils*- Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and fliesMeat or fish bones and scraps*- Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and fliesPet wastes (e.g., dog or cat feces, soiled cat litter)*- Might contain parasites, bacteria, germs, pathogens, and viruses harmful to humansYard trimmings treated with chemical pesticides- Might kill beneficial composting organismsScott’s Miracle-Gro R&D Above is a small part of the Scott’s Miracle Grow R&D facility. In the foreground (the grassy squares) is their “W.E.T.” Lab where they test Water Efficient Technologies for lawn irrigation. The two roofs behind that are their rainfall exclusion / drought shelters. Those two roofs roll on massive tracks to cover specific areas when it rains. Th...
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