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Episode Info:

Terminator-style death robots are upon us! Not really but the predicted proliferation of autonomous weapons in warfare raises new ethical and legal questions. We talk to Carmen Herbert about their MA thesis which explores the permissibility of autonomous weapons in line with international humanitarian law.  

Shownotes:

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Intro/Outro/Bumper music provided by Smoke Thief

The number of self-driving cars by 2020

Alan Turing

The Aegis Combat System

Wired article about the tragic autonomous weapons accident within the SA military

Elon Musk & other ‘AI leaders’ call on banning all autonomous weapons

Selected references on:

Self-driving cars & the death algorithm (cool name for a heavy metal band)

Kaplan, S. 2015. ‘What if your self driving car decides one death is better than two - and that one is you?’ The Washington Post, (online). [Available at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/10/28/what-if-your-self-driving-car-decides-one-death-is-better-than-two-and-that-one-is-you/].

Nyholm, S. and Smids, J., 2016. The ethics of accident-algorithms for self-driving cars: an applied trolley problem? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 19(5), (online). [Available at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10677-016-9745-2].

AI/views of intelligence

Levin, J. 2016. ‘Functionalism’ in Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, (online). [Available at:

http://plato.stanford.edu/cgi-bin/encyclopedia/archinfo.cgi?entry=functionalism].

Graham, G. 2015. ‘Behaviorism’ in Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, (online). [Available at: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism/].

Oppy, G & Dowe, D. 2016. ‘The Turing Test’ in Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, (online). [Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing/#TurMacCom].

Autonomous weapons & the law

Anderson, K. & Waxman, M. 2013. Law and Ethics for Autonomous Weapons Systems: Why a Ban Won’t Work and How the Laws of War Can, (online). [Available at: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2250126].

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