Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson
About This Show
Daily American show that celebrates the great United States of America! Here, I talk about the good, the bad and the ugly with stories ranging from Ben Franklin to Billy the Kid to the New York Yankees and Hollywood. Give me four minutes and I'll tell you all about it!
Most Recent Episode
Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson -0- March 17
< 1 day ago
MARCH 17 Mar 17 1777 – Happy birthday Roger Taney (taw-ny) Chief Justice of the Taney Court. Old Hickory Jackson nominated him on Jackson’s birthday in 1836, no less! One interesting thing about America’s 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who ruled pro-slavery in the Dred Scott case, was that he was married to Anne Phoebe Carlton Key, the sister of Francis Scott Key who of course wrote The Star Spangled Banner. That’s not why he’s famous, but on another interesting note they had seven children together. Roger Brooke Taney, born March 17, 1777, the son of a successful tobacco farmer in Calvert County, MD, began his life in law and politics in 1799, starting with the Federalists. By 1816 he had switched to the Democratic-Republican party and earned a Senate seat in Maryland. He agreed strongly with President Andy Jackson’s opposition to the 2nd Bank of the United States, and assisted Old Hickory dismantle the Democratically opposed central bank by literally and physically moving money out of it and putting it into state banks. And as great of a story as that was, that’s still not why Taney, who also by the way ruled pro-slavery in Dred-Scott, is famous. He’s the first Roman Catholic to hold such a high office in America, and that’s not why he’s famous. In 1833 he would be nominated as US Secretary of Treasury, but was rejected, actually, the first time Congress, specifically Henry Clay, Daniel Webster and John Calhoun, overruled the confirmation of a presidential nominee for a Cabinet post. But that’s not the reason why pro-slavery judge Taney’s famous, just an interesting trivia bit. In 1835, Chief Justice John Marshall died, which is why Old Hickory filled his spot with Judge Taney. The Taney Court, which ran from 1836-1864, switched up Marshall’s federal leaning decisions, and like Jackson, favored states rights. With exception to 1858 S Abelson V Booth. Not all of Taney’s cases were famous, like 1837’s Briscoe V Commonwealth, which dealt with creditors left over from the 2nd Bank of the US, 1842’s Prigg V Peensylvania, ruling pro-slavery, then some semi-famous cases, such as Charles River Bridge V Warren River Bridge which ruled in favor of charters, and then the big famous one. Exactly two years to the day 1857’s Dred Scott v Sanford, which I go into detail on my March 6 ep. Taney would receive some boos from the gallery, including a young senator from