Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson
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Daily American show that celebrates the great United States of America! Here, I talk about the good, the bad and the ugly with stories ranging from Ben Franklin to Billy the Kid to the New York Yankees and Hollywood. Give me four minutes and I'll tell you all about it!
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Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson -- January 19
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JANUARY 19 1977 – Ford pardons Tokyo Rose. A young woman from Los Angeles California named Iva Toguri D’Aquino hosted a Japanese propaganda radio program aimed at US troops during WWII. After college in 1940, she went back to Japan to help her sick aunt and to study medicine. She left without a passport and only had her ID. The Japan bombed Pearl Harbor and she was stuck there. As WWII raged on, Japan unsuccessfully tried to force Tuguri to renounce her US citizenship, and without her passport she couldn’t go back to America. She didn’t want to swear allegiance to the Japanese emperor, and so became an enemy alien. She got a job as a typist writing scripts for Radio Tokyo and was asked to host an English speaking show called Zero Hour. The goal of Zero Hour was to demoralize GIs in the South Pacific, exaggerating number of dead troops but otherwise be somewhat entertaining with her pretty, feminine, American voice. The troops called her and others like her in similar broadcasts Tokyo Roes. Tuguri would sneak in medicine and food to American POWs. After the war ended, a manhunt went out to these Tokyo Roses, and Tuguri was captured by the US Army and investigated for treason for broadcasting enemy propaganda. She spent a year in Japan, then re-arrested and sent as a prisoner to America. She was put to trial as a traitor and was sentenced 10 years in prison by an anti-Japanese judge who relied on false testimony. She served six, getting off early for good behavior. She would spend the next 20 years with her family in Chicago as a stateless citizen. She fought for a pardon several times over the years and in 1977 an episode of 60 Minutes aired, revealing Toguri’s true story and highlighting her ongoing fight for justice. Apparently President Gerald Ford saw that episode and pardoned Tokyo Rose on January 19, 1977. 1883 – The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey. 1825 – The tin can is patented by Timothy Dagggett and his father-in-law Ezra. Prior to this Thomas had published a map of the area of conflict in the War of 1812. 1938 – Alfred Mosher Butts makes the layout for the board game Scrabble! Scrabble was actually a real word that meant to scratch furiously! If that’s not enough for you, just remember there’s also Super Scrabble@! Incidentally, if you’re looking for a word that ends in Q and is le