Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson
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Daily American show that celebrates the great United States of America! Here, I talk about the good, the bad and the ugly with stories ranging from Ben Franklin to Billy the Kid to the New York Yankees and Hollywood. Give me four minutes and I'll tell you all about it!
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Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson -- June 22
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JUNE 22 1611 – Hudson set adrift by mutineers. …As told by americaslibrary.gov, on the misty morning of September 3, 1609, explorer Henry Hudson and his crew aboard the Half Moon sailed into the majestic river off the Atlantic coast by chance. Strong head winds and storms forced them to abandon the northeast voyage they had been assigned. Rather than return to Holland with nothing to report, the crew voted to look for the Northwest Passage, a legendary waterway that would carry a ship all the way from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. They passed by the island we know today as Manhattan and and sailed up the river. Hudson was a headstrong but courageous commander. Though he often mismanaged his crews by playing favorites or letting morale suffer, he was a competent navigator. He undertook four dangerous voyages and made huge contributions to geographical knowledge. His exploration of the Hudson River led to Dutch colonization of the area. But for Hudson, it ended badly. The crew was forced to camp on shore during the winter with little or no food or supplies, dealing with extreme cold all winter. Many of the crew held Hudson responsible for their misfortune, and on June 22, 1611, with the coming of summer, they mutinied against him, and set him, Hudson, his teenage son, and seven supporters adrift in a small, open boat. Hudson and the eight others were never seen again. 1945 – Battle of Okinawa ends. ...The 82-day battle, one of the bloodiest of all of WWII, was fought on the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawa, a strategic Pacific island located midway between Japan and Formosa. U.S. Lt. Gen. Simon Bolivar of the US 10th army v Japanese Lt. Gen. Mitsuru Ushijima. The result was an allied victory and Okinawa was owned by the US until 1972. The battle began on April 1, 1945; the 10th Army launched the invasion, hoping to possess the land so the US could have a base large enough for an invasion of the Japanese mainland. There were more than 100,000 Japanese defenders on the island, but most were deeply entrenched in the island. The battle raged for a month and Japanese troops and kamikaze fliers would make Americans pay dearly for every strategic area of land and water won. On June 18, with US victory imminent, General Bucker, the hero of Iwo Jima, was killed by Japanese artillery. Three days later, his 10th Army reached the southern coast of the island