Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson
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Daily American show that celebrates the great United States of America! Here, I talk about the good, the bad and the ugly with stories ranging from Ben Franklin to Billy the Kid to the New York Yankees and Hollywood. Give me four minutes and I'll tell you all about it!
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Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson -- February 27
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FEBRUARY 27 1973 – AIM takes wounded knee. About 200 Oglala Lakotas activists and members of the American Indian Movement, or AIM overtook a small town with a long history. Wounded Knee, the site of an 1890 massacre of a band of unarmed Sioux by the US Cavalry, had a corrupt tribal government led by tribal chairman Dick Wilson. Wilson was under the protection of federal marshalls, and got the FBI involved. AIM was a militant group who wanted the US to address the atrocities against Native Americans for the past few hundred years. When the FBI and National Guard showed up to create a permimeter around Wounded Knee, a 71-day siege began on February 27, 1973. Gunfire was traded almost nightly, and two Sioux men werekilled during the siege. AIM finally surrended once a negotiated settlement was reached. But the trouble would continue at Pine Ridge. A Civil War roke out between AIM and Wilson, leading in the nation’s highest merder rate per capita. These days the reservation is one of the largest, and poorest county in America. 1827 – Happy Mardi Gras everyone! It’s the beginning of the Epiphany, or three kings day, which is followed by Ash Wednesday. It also marks the beginning of Lent, so eat up now before the fast begins. The French brought this tradition over to Louisiana in the late 1600s, and the Spanish put a stop to it. When Louisiana became part of the United States kin 1803, the folks of New Orleans began celebrating their old tradition. Despite common belief, the parade does not go down Bourbon street; Bourbon’s too narrow. So grab your beads, masks and let’s hit the road. And ladies, if you absolutely must life up your shirts, then I guess that’s your business. 1859 – Sickles kills Key. Phillip Barton Key, district attorney in Washington II was the son of Francis Scott Key, and therefore Isuppose related to F. Scott Fitzgerald later on down the road. He was known as the handsomest man in D.C., but these days he’s best known for having an affair with the wrong girl, Congressman Daniel Sickles. Sickles, who already had a career riddled with scandals, fond out about the affair and on February 27 1859 shot Key dead in the streets. He confessed to the murder, and during his trial became the first person in the United Statetes to plead temporary insanity. Sickles would later serve in the civil war as a Confederate general. 1902 – Happy Birthday John Steinbeck. Quiz everybody! Ready? Here we go