Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson
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Daily American show that celebrates the great United States of America! Here, I talk about the good, the bad and the ugly with stories ranging from Ben Franklin to Billy the Kid to the New York Yankees and Hollywood. Give me four minutes and I'll tell you all about it!
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Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson -- October 26
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OCTOBER 26 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis Pt. 5: Stalemate. Photographic evidence indicates that the Soviets are ramping up the building of nuclear missiles in Cuba. President Kennedy ordered a naval blockade to pass Soviet ships from entering Cuba, but the Soviets were ordered to ignore the quarantine. Kennedy became convinced that an invasion of Cuba was the only way to have the missiles removed. Fidel Castro sent a message to Nikita Khrushchev asking for missiles to be fired should the US invade Cuba. ABC news correspondent John Scali reported to Washington that he met with a Soviet agent who suggested that Moscow was willing to handle this diplomatically. If the Soviets removed the missiles from Cuba, the US wouldn’t invade the island, that’s the deal. The US told Brazil to tell Castro, if the missiles were removed, the US would be unlikely to invade. Meanwhile, Khrushchev wrote a long, rambling letter to JFK that Bobby Kennedy called very long and emotional. It said in short the same thing Scali reported; the Soviets will remove the missiles if the US lifts the quarantine and pledges not to invade Cuba. The next day, Saturday, October 27th, day 12, Khrushchev sent a tougher letter to Washington, with the same terms, but also a new one; to remove US obsolete Jupiter missiles from Turkey. Then, a Soviet supplied SA2 Guideline SAM surface-to-air missile shot down and killed USAF Major Rudolf Anderson in his U2 Recon jet from the sky. President Kennedy awarded him the Distinguished Service Medal posthumously, to Maj. Anderson’s widow. Kennedy and his advisers in EXCOMM prepared for a Cuban invasion within days, if a diplomatic solution couldn’t be reached. Kennedy argued that the Turkey missile removal would have to be part of a largely negotiated settlement. Turkey hated this deal, by the way, but oh well. Kennedy and EXCOMM decided to ignore the Saturday letter, and respond instead to the more appeasing Friday letter. That was a risky move and put Khrushchev in a bad position. An all active duty military personnel were recalled to their bases. Later that night, Robert Kennedy met secretly with Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin. Bobby told Dobrynin the US was going to get rid of those missiles in Turkey anyway. Deal done, just keep that last part a secret. So to be clear: Soviet Union removes missiles from Cuba under United Nation supervision in exchange for an American guarantee not to invade Cuba. And uh, by the