Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson
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Daily American show that celebrates the great United States of America! Here, I talk about the good, the bad and the ugly with stories ranging from Ben Franklin to Billy the Kid to the New York Yankees and Hollywood. Give me four minutes and I'll tell you all about it!
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Joe's Daily U.S. History Lesson -- April 23
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APRIL 23 1791- Happy Birthday Old Buck. The only US president from Pennsylvania to this date, James Buchanan was elected number 15 in the year 1857. He is also to this date the only president who’s never been married, although he did supposedly hook up with Dolly Madison’s niece. In reality, he was probably our first gay president. I’ll get into that in a little bit. As a president, he was an overall failure. Doughface Buchanan didn’t understand the allegiance that the North would have towards its anti-slavery position and the South’s proslavery position. He tried to use the Constitution to settle all matters, and then discovered the north and south schism went way beyond the Constitution. He tried to make amends between the Democrats and the Whigs, but the Democratic party split and the Whigs dissolved, giving rise to the Republican party. He was born to a wealthy family in Franklin County P.A., was elected five times to the House of Representatives, served as a minister to Russia, and then for the Senate. He became President James Polk’s Secretary of State and President Franklin Pierce’s Minister to Great Britain, where he drafted the Ostend Manifesto, which was an attempt to get Cuba from Spain. He was engaged to Caroline Coleman, whose family was even wealthier than his, and he was accused in the public eye as marrying her for her money. He had an affair with one of her friends, and then Caroline shortly thereafter either committed suicide or died from the overdose of all the opium she took. When he was elected president, his top priority was persuade the people to accept constitutional law as the Supreme Court interpreted it, and deal with territorial slavery disputes. The Dred-Scott decision was made, the south celebrated and the north was pissed. Old Buck tried to get Kansas to be admitted to the Union as a slave state, which angered the Republicans, and Kansas was not admitted. In 1858, the Republicans won the House, and every important bill they dried to pas was vetoed by the Southern senate. Buchanan was nicknamed the Do Nothing President. The Democratic party split between the north and the south, and the Republicans had nominated Abe Lincoln. The country was splitting in two, Buchanan tried to keep it together legally, but just couldn’t. He retired to his Pennsylvania home after politics and died seven years later. It’s worth noting that he shared the same room for ten y